The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

The White Rose of the House of York By Sodacan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12739683

The Red Rose of the House of Lancaster By Sodacan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12739685

The unified Tudor Rose of the House of Tudor By Sodacan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12740207

Sir Walter Scott, by Thomas Lawrence, c. 1820s By Thomas Lawrence - Royal Collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92100876

Family of Henry VIII, an Allegory of the Tudor Succession By Attributed to Lucas de Heere - Karen Hearn, Dynasties, London: Tate, 1995, ISBN 1854371576, p. 81., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4786392

Henry of Bolingbroke, flanked by the lords spiritual and temporal, claims the throne in 1399 By J.S. History of Parliament, House of Commons 1386-1421 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HenryBolingbrokeClaimsThrone.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37216039

Richard II of England Gallery, N. P. (2020, January 19). Richard II of England, National Portrait Gallery. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11720/richard-ii-of-england-national-portrait-gallery/

The coronation of Henry IV of England Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7010519

Henry IV of England By The National Archives UK - Illumination of Henry IV, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43746918

Depiction of Henry enthroned, from the Talbot Shrewsbury Book, 1444–45 By The Talbot Master - This file has been provided by the British Library from its digital collections. It is also made available on a British Library website.Catalogue entry: Royal MS 15 E vi, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22787359

Margaret of Anjou By Talbot Master (fl. in Rouen, c. 1430–60) - Cropped image of File:Presentation of the Book of Romances.jpg, a scan of the manuscript illuminated by the Talbot Master (British Library, Royal 15 E VI, f. 2v), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4888648

Charles VII of France By Swedish Wikipedia, uploaded there by user Lamré on 2005-01-25, 04:39, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=594388

Manuscript depiction of Henry VI c. 1457 By Georg von Ehingen - https://digital.wlb-stuttgart.de/index.php?id=6&tx_dlf%5Bid%5D=17735&tx_dlf%5Bpage%5D=1, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=137063023

Henry V of England By Unknown author - File:Henry,_Prince_of_Wales,_presenting_this_book_to_John_Mowbray._Thomas_Hoccleve,_Regement_of_Princes,_London,_c._1411-1413,_Arundel_38,_f._37detail.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=107486905

The Battle of Sluys from a BNF manuscript of Froissart's Chronicles, Bruges, c. 1470 By Jean Froissart - Bibliotheque Nationale de France, MS Fr. 2643, Folio 72rhttps://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b84386043/f167.image, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=403699

Richard of York By Talbot Master - digitised image, British Library, Royal 15 E VI f2v, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48650606

Edward III of England By William Bruges (1375–1450) - http://prodigi.bl.uk/illcat/ILLUMIN.ASP?Size=mid&IllID=5334, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15156025

Henry VI (right) sitting while the Dukes of York (left) and Somerset (centre) have an argument By James William Edmund Doyle - Doyle, James William Edmund (1864) "Henry VI" in A Chronicle of England: B.C. 55 – A.D. 1485, London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts & Green, pp. p. 400 Retrieved on 12 November 2010., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12048160

Margaret of York By Albert Temnaya Lisichka - [1]Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2526900

Edmund Beaufort (left) negotiating with French envoys at Rouen By Attributed to Philippe de Mazerolles - This file comes from Gallica Digital Library and is available under the digital ID btv1b10023823h/f367, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48679849

First Battle of St Albans, reenactment at the site of the battle By Jason Rogers, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10742472

Monument to Richard of York By SMJ, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13540643

The remains of the motte of Sandal Castle By Abcdef123456 at English Wikipedia - Photo taken by Abcdef123456; Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.; description page is/was here., CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4380982

Edward's presence was crucial to Yorkist victory By Based on the signatures (see File:John Quartley's Battle of Towton.jpg), engraved by Charles Oliver Murray(1842–1923)[1] after John Quartley (fl. 1835–67),[2] - Saddler, D. John (March 2006). "England's Bloodiest Day". Military History 23 (1): p. 51. Virginia, United States: Herndon. ISSN 0889-7328., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12564643

Richard Neville By John Rous - Original from the Rous Roll, by John Rous, 15th century. Reproduced in Charles Oman's, Warwick the Kingmaker, 1899. Both PD., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4903015

Edward IV By Lucas Horenbout - Scanned from Hearn, Karen, ed. Dynasties: Painting in Tudor and Jacobean England 1530-1630. New York: Rizzoli, 1995. ISBN 0-8478-1940-X., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=624719

The Battle of Barnet, where Warwick was killed By Unknown author - File:Battle of barnet.jpg, Ghent manuscript, a late 15th-century document (source: Ghent University library, MS236), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5878689

Richard III of England By Barthel ii - Richard III Society website via English Wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20472954

Edward V of England By Lorenzo Lippi - Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons. Transfer was stated to be made by User:Aibdescalzo., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3264582

King Edward V and the Duke of York (Richard) in the Tower of London by Paul Delaroche By Paul Delaroche - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=154750

The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower, 1483 by Sir John Everett Millais By John Everett Millais - Royal Holloway Art & Culture - https://twitter.com/RHUL_Gallery/status/1529373816006361089, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=130915120

The sons of Edward IV of England by Pedro Américo By Pedro Américo - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18328412

Copper engraving of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout. By Martin Droeshout - Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University [2], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10730498

Silver groat of Richard III By Photographed by: York Museums Trust Staff - This file has been provided by York Museums Trust as part of a GLAMwiki partnership.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50977252

Richard with a sword in his right hand By John Rous - Digitized image, Add MS 48976, British Library, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48661484

King Charles VIII of France By After Jean Perréal - [2], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=106981863

A 19th-century illustration depicting Irish supporters carrying Simnel By Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. Vol XXV. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910. 124. - Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Ed. Vol XXV. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1910. 124., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15309890

Richard III's corpse found on the battlefield By Rijksmuseum - http://hdl.handle.net/10934/RM0001.COLLECT.306212, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83838651

A stained-glass window in St James's Church, Richard III (left) and Henry VII (right) By John Taylor, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13119944

Battle of Bosworth, as depicted by Philip James de Loutherbourg By Philip James de Loutherbourg - This image comes from the Google-hosted LIFE Photo Archive where it is available under the filename e27dac07a5d2e287.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See the copyright section in the template documentation for more information.The engraving of this portrait has been published in Lieut Col Williams' England's Battles by Sea and Land (1857).[1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6823262

Bosworth Battlefield (Fenn Lane Farm) By Daveleicuk - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50234739

Henry VII (centre), with his advisors By Unidentified painter - http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/images/HenryVII05withE.Dudley.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3944833

Groat of Henry VII By Lambetz Falera - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15338360

Queen Elizabeth, Henry's wife By Unidentified painter - Royal Collection RCIN 403447, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48482405

Henry VIII By After Hans Holbein the Younger - eAHC0d0WiemXSA — Google Arts & Culture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21878559

Elizabeth I By After Levina Teerlinc - Scanned from the book The National Portrait Gallery History of the Kings and Queens of England by David Williamson, ISBN 1855142287., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6639542

George R. R. Martin By Henry Söderlund - https://photos.google.com/share/AF1QipMJFRwgP8unYX_UlCDge7EA49GiU2_yewzdT4NACvaSZE-ovZM_K_qa2Z_Obv2FZA?key=TUc0aEl4MGNxeWVhZnM5UUFVU0tqVmZ6bnBfaUpR"Worldcon 75 - Pre-Hugo Portraiture is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)", CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68814745

The steps in Dubrovnik, one filming location of Game of Thrones By Kigsz - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33525153

Wars of the Roses in England, 1455 – 1487 Netchev, S. (2023, October 03). Wars of the Roses in England, 1455 - 1487. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17973/wars-of-the-roses-in-england-1455---1487/

Henry VI of England By Poems and Romances (Shrewsbury book), illuminated by the MASTER OF JOHN TALBOT - This file has an extracted image: Shrewsbury Book f.405.jpg., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113129343


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The Poet and Scholar Callimachus of Cyrene Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Papyrus fragment containing part of the proem to the Aetia By Callimachus(Life time: 3rd c. BC) - Original publication: 3rd c. BCImmediate source: http://163.1.169.40/cgi-bin/library?e=q-000-00---0POxy--00-0-0--0prompt-10---4----de0--0-1l--1-en-50---20-about-callimachus--00031-001-0-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&c=POxy&cl=search&d=HASH01cbfc45940fd16eccd9891c, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=97868583

First page of an early printed edition of the Suda Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1717222

Theseus after having slain the Minotaur By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91758251

Zeus holding a thunderbolt By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=913510

Roman masks By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany (FollowingHadrian); derivative work: Speravir - Mosaic depicting theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd century AD, from Rome Thermae Decianae (?), Palazzo Nuovo, Capitoline Museums (12830396085).jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49867373

Temple of Zeus at Cyrene, modern-day Libya Giralt, S. (2012, April 26). Temple of Zeus at Cyrene. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/315/temple-of-zeus-at-cyrene/

Ptolemy II By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16921071

Ptolemy I Soter By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=507725

Ptolomeo III By Miguel Hermoso Cuesta - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27034253

Artistic Rendering of the Library of Alexandria, based on some archaeological evidence By O. Von Corven - Tolzmann, Don Heinrich; Alfred Hessel and Reuben Peiss. The Memory of Mankind. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2001, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2307486

Ptolemy II Philadelphus Founds the Library of Alexandria Camuccini, V. (2018, February 27). Ptolemy II Philadelphus Founds the Library of Alexandria. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/8211/ptolemy-ii-philadelphus-founds-the-library-of-alex/

Heraclitus By Johannes Moreelse - Johannes Moreelse, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=95512

Homer By Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.. Original uploader was JW1805 at en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2171360

Part of an eleventh-century manuscript, "the Townley Homer" By Unknown author - manuscript of Homer's Iliad from the 11th century, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24729432

Catullus By Schorle - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7027254

Horace By Anonymous - https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1901-1022-1540, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=136652825

Ovid By Anonymous French engraver - This file has been extracted from another file, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=133626104

Virgil By Armando Mancini - Flickr: Parco della Grotta di PosillipoCrop of File:Parco_della_Grotta_di_Posillipo5.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21845489


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History of Ionia - the Birthplace of Western Philosophy Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Map of western Anatolia with Ionia shaded By No machine-readable author provided. Roke~commonswiki assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=389441

Herodotus By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=115708819

Ancient Greek colonization: the Ionians in green By Alexikoua - Own workData taken from: [1], [2]Topography taken from DEMIS Mapserver, which are public domain, other wise self-made., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30582147

Marble terminal bust of Homer By Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.. Original uploader was JW1805 at en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2171360

Croesus By Marco Prins - Livius.org Provided under CC 0 license (notice under the photograph in the description page of the photograph)., CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74579875

Lydia's borders under King Croesus By User:Roke (Own work) - Info from these maps:Map 1 (brown):"middle of the 6th century at the time of King Croesus"http://i-cias.com/e.o/lydia.htmMap 2 (red line):"7th C. BCE roughly from 690 to 546 BCE"http://www.ancientanatolia.com/map07.htm, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=387698

Thales of Miletus By Wilhelm Meyer - own scan, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11037570

Thales depicted at the Baths of the Seven Sages By Institute for the Study of the Ancient World from New York, United States of America - Ostia, Baths of the Seven Sages (II), CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52703716

Urania, the Muse of Astronomy, Reveals to Thales the Secrets of the Skies By Antonio Canova - https://artsandculture.google.com/partner/museum-gipsoteca-antonio-canova, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=137408745

Illustration of Thales from the Nuremberg Chronicle By Michel Wolgemut, Wilhelm Pleydenwurff - Self-scanned, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1106222

Anaximander on an ancient Roman mosaic from Trier, Germany By ancient Roman mosaic artist from the early third century AD - http://isaw.nyu.edu/exhibitions/time-cosmos/objects/roman-mosaic-anaximander, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67699158

Anaximenes of Miletus By Girolamo Olgiati - https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=Kq_2FTxkTXoC, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75193108

Aristotle By After Lysippos - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1359807

Teofrasto By Teofrasto_Orto_botanico_PA.jpg: tato grassoderivative work: Singinglemon (talk) - Teofrasto_Orto_botanico_PA.jpg, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5927179

Bust of Pythagoras of Samos in the Capitoline Museums, Rome By Unknown author - Photo by Szilas, 2013-03-04, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36520519

Heraclitus of Ephesos Moreelse, J. (2012, February 16). Heraclitus of Ephesos. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/592/heraclitus-of-ephesos/

Anaxagoras By Eduard Lebiedzki, after a design by Carl Rahl - http://nibiryukov.narod.ru/nb_pinacoteca/nbe_pinacoteca_artists_l.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7552554

Bust of Democritus, ancient Greek philosopher By Unidentified engraver - http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/philo/galerie/antike/demokrit.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=638487

Leucippus by Luca Giordano (1652) By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=89994561

Defeat of Croesus at the Battle of Thymbra By Walter Hutchinson 1877 - History Of The Nations Vol 2, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74991052

Gold coin of Croesus, Lydian By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74443716

17th-century bust of Cyrus the Great in Hamburg, Germany By Unknown author - Own work, Medvedev, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29391714

Darius the Great or Darius I By Surenae - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=125510181

The burning of Sardis, capital of the Asia Minor Satrapy of Lydia, during the Ionian Revolt in 498 BCE By Unknown author - Hutchinson's History of the Nation, Volume I (Published 1915), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75207820

Battle of Marathon By John Steeple Davis - The story of the greatest nations, from the dawn of history to the twentieth century (published in 1900), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75078967

Greek hoplite and Persian warrior depicted fighting. Ancient kylix, 5th century BCE By Άγνωστος - National Museums Scotland, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5507148

Alexander the Great By Unknown author - This file has been extracted from another file, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66715266

The Alexander Mosaic depicting the Battle of Issus between Alexander the Great & Darius III of Persia By Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup from Centennial, CO, USA - Naples Archaeology MuseumUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30180792

Seleucus I Nicator By Allan Gluck - Allan Gluck, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85414285

Illustration of a bronze plaque from Pergamon, likely depicting the Battle of Magnesia By Alexander Conze (1831-1914) - Conze, Alexander (1913) Altertümer von Pergamon: Stadt und Landschaft, Berlin: Reimer, pp. 250−1, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22523146

Antiochus III the Great By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Male head wearing a head-band resembling king of Syria Antiochus III (223–187 BC), late 1st century BC–early 1st century AD, Louvre MuseumUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30170804

Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE Crabben, J. v. d. (2020, January 30). Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11818/western--eastern-roman-empire-395-ce/

The Hellenistic Prince Cartwright, M. (2013, April 30). The Hellenistic Prince (Detail). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1158/the-hellenistic-prince-detail/

Artaphernes By Jona Lendering - Livius.org Provided underCC0 1.0 Universal license (notice under the photograph in the description page of the photograph)., CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75351381

A Roman mosaic from Tunisia showing a trireme vessel during the Roman Empire By Mathiasrex - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1347775

Location and main events of the Ionian Revolt By Ionian_Revolt_Campaign_Map-fr.svg: Eric Gaba (Sting - fr:Sting)derivative work: MinisterForBadTimes (talk) - Ionian_Revolt_Campaign_Map-fr.svgBackground map: File:Aegean_Sea_map_bathymetry-fr.svg (modified) created by Eric Gaba (Sting - fr:Sting)Based on an original idea by user:MinisterForBadTimes (see File:Ionian_Revolt_Campaign_Map.png)Compass rose: File:Brújula.svg (modified) created by user:Serg!o under GFDL, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8991667


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The Real History of the Library of Alexandria Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Bust of Aurelian By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15683121

Diocletian By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=125829347

Alexander the Great By Unknown author - This file has been extracted from another file, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66715266

Ptolemy I Soter By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=507725

Ptolemy II Philadelphus By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Ptolemy II Philadelphus, king of Ptolemaic Egypt, 2nd or 1st century BC, Louvre MuseumUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30170862

Plan of Alexandria c 30 BC By Philg88 - Based on: Shepherd, William (1911) Historical Atlas New York: Henry Holt & Co. p. 34-35. Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31075603

Apollo and the Muses on Mount Helicon (1680) by Claude Lorrain By Claude Lorrain - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artworkhttp://www.mfa.org/collections/object/apollo-and-the-muses-on-mount-helicon-31442, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=466607

Eratosthenes teaching in Alexandria, by Bernardo Strozzi (1635) By Bernardo Strozzi - musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42582581

19th-century reconstruction of Eratosthenes' map of the (for the Greeks) known world, c. 194 BC By Edward Bunbury - Bunbury, E.H. (1811-1895), A History of Ancient Geography among the Greeks and Romans from the Earliest Ages till the Fall of the Roman Empire, page 667. London: John Murray, 1883., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2298975

Aristophanes By Alexander Mayatsky - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=135927499

Apollonius of Tyana By Zde - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52332667

Jason and the Argonauts Arriving at Colchis By Coyau / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14842675

Papyrus fragment from the Aetia of Callimachus By The Egypt Exploration Society - B.P. Grenfell & A.S. Hunt, The Oxyrhycnhus Papyri: Part XI. (London: The Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), plate IV, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15855112

19th-century artistic rendering of the Library of Alexandria, where Callimachus compiled the Pinakes By O. Von Corven - Tolzmann, Don Heinrich; Alfred Hessel and Reuben Peiss. The Memory of Mankind. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2001, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2307486

Ptolemy Philadelphus in the Library of Alexandria by Vincenzo Camuccini (1813) By Vincenzo Camuccini - Historia n°767 - Novembre 2010 - page 31, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12068082

Hypatia by Charles William Mitchell (1885) By Charles William Mitchell - Laing Art Gallery(if it doesn't show painting's webpage, put TWCMS : B8111 in the Object Number box and click Search; then click on the result to see the painting's details, description, etc. The TIFF image found there was converted to a JPEG image before uploading it to here. No other image editing was done.), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49847708

View of the Acropolis of ancient Pergamon, drawn by 19th-century German archaeologists Public Domain, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7937310

Ptolemy VIII Physcon By American Numismatic Society - http://numismatics.org/collection/1944.100.75452, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=72636463

Ptolemy VI wearing an Egyptian pschent By Unknown artist. - Photographed by PHGCOM in 2009., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6185029

Present-day ruins of the Serapeum of Alexandria, where the Library of Alexandria moved part of its collection after it ran out of storage space in the main building By Daniel Mayer - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4672110

Theophilus atop the Serapeum, depiction from the Alexandrian World Chronicle By Unknown author - http://phdiva.blogspot.ru/2006/04/christians-and-closure-of-pagan-temples.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41473352

Excavations at the Pool of Bethesda showing the ruins of the Temple of Serapis with a column from an early Christian church By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Excavations at the Pool of Bethesda showing the ruins of the Temple of Serapis with a column from an early Christian church, Aelia Capitolina, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37878746

Ruins of the Temple of Serapis with a column from an early Christian church By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Ruins of the Temple of Serapis with a column from an early Christian church, Aelia Capitolina, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37878749

Calligraphic seal featuring Umar's name, on display in the Hagia Sophia By Mark Ahsmann - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30194260

Bibliotheca Alexandrina By Shivani Singh04 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73201529

Cleopatra VII By © José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62549853

Mark Antony By Bust: unknown ancient Roman artist of the 1st century AD; photo: unknown photographer. - [1], CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116448097

Julius Caesar Raddato, C. (2014, April 04). Posthumous bust of Caesar. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2514/posthumous-bust-of-caesar/

Hadrian By TimeTravelRome - Bust of Hadrian from Tivoli 125-130 AD, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113442425

The remains of the ancient site of the Temple complex of Sarapis at Alexandria By Institute for the Study of the Ancient World - https://www.flickr.com/photos/isawnyu/7591106676/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35650715

Muslim conquest of Spain By Bernardo Blanco y Pérez - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46309519

Augustus Ceasar Von Dan Mihai Pitea - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=117069932


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The Spanish Armada vs. The Royal Navy of Elizabeth I Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Philip II of Spain By Sofonisba Anguissola - Museo del Prado, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5249539

Mary I of England, by Antonis Mor (1554) By Antonis Mor - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=155896

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor By Formerly attributed to Titian - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=108115194

Catherine of Aragon By Lucas Horenbout - radikal.ruportraitsofkings.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74534391

Henry VIII By After Hans Holbein the Younger – eAHC0d0WiemXSA — Google Arts & Culture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21878559

Mary I, by Hans Eworth (c. 1555–58) By Hans Eworth - Dickinson Gallery, London and New York, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=338108

Philip II of Spain & Mary I of England Eworth, H. (2020, May 05). Philip II of Spain & Mary I of England. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12165/philip-ii-of-spain--mary-i-of-england/

Elizabeth I in her coronation robes By Unknown author - Scanned from the book The National Portrait Gallery History of the Kings and Queens of England by David Williamson, ISBN 1855142287., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6639542

Armour of Philip II By David Monniaux - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=132734

Mary, Queen of Scots By François Clouet - YQExprz3sIBJ8A at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22127280

Linlithgow Palace in West Lothian, Scotland, birthplace of Mary and her father King James V By Alex Sanz - Flickr: _MG_9863, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27297109

Mary and Francis II By After François Clouet - https://images.bnf.fr/detail/855275, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2962692

The execution scene, drawn by eyewitness Robert Beale By Robert Beale (1541-1601), Clerk of the Privy Council to Queen Elizabeth I - British Library, Additional Manuscript 48027, folio 650[1] from Robert Beale's The Order and Manner of the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots, Feb. 8, 1587., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63563959

Mary's all-white mourning garb earned her the sobriquet 'the White Queen' By François Clouet - The Royal Collection Website Webpage Picture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4758139

One of three known versions of the "Armada Portrait" By Formerly attributed to George Gower - http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/elizarmada.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28313

Sixtus V in an engraving By Pietro Facchetti - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90415009

A galleon model (the Golden Hind) Butterfield, A. (2020, June 24). A Model of the Golden Hind. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12413/a-model-of-the-golden-hind/

Illustration of a Spanish Armada warship By Թորոսյան Աննա - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126465815

English fireships launched at the Spanish armada off Calais By anonymous - Royal Museums Greenwich Collections, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59443607

Gun from the Spanish Armada By Bazonka - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29924260

Martin Frobisher By Cornelis Ketel - Digital BodleianThis file comes from the Bodleian Libraries, a group of research libraries in Oxford University.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing.This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Modifications: contrast enhanced. Modifications made by Wikipetzi. The original can be found here: Digital Bodleian., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=104275774

Francis Drake By Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger - http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/displayRepro.cfm?reproID=BHC2662, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2737846

The Spanish and English fleets near Plymouth on July 30–31, 1588 By Augustine Ryther; Robert Adams - http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/542824, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62011559

A stylised depiction of key elements of the Armada By Unknown author - National Geographic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=88989671

Destruction of the Invincible Armada by Spanish painter Jose Gartner – (1892) By José Gartner - [3], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31980586

Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester By Steven van der Meulen - https://waddesdon.org.uk/the-collection/item/?id=3289, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1583840

Portrait of Philip II (circa 1580) By Alonso Sánchez Coello - Museo Nacional de San Carlos: info, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=71064083

Irish groat with Philip and Mary's initials and portraits By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4053811

Siege of Grave in 1586 By Jan Luyken - Amsterdams Historisch Museum. sig A46641, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5526474

'The Surrender of Pedro de Valdés' to Francis Drake By John Seymour Lucas - https://i.pinimg.com/originals/f9/2b/a6/f92ba6183c04aa0149d234c13af08a25.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=130133167


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The Life of Tudor Queen Elizabeth I of England Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Elizabeth I, by Nicholas Hilliard (1575) By Nicholas Hilliard (called) (1547 - 1619)Details on Google Art Project - VgG8ronTPh8jDg at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21894152

Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn By Dancingtudorqueen - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=111570074

Jane Seymour By Hans Holbein the Younger - egE1bExAbnBDgg — Google Arts & Culture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22189674

Edward VI of England By Circle of William Scrots - Sotheby's London, 04 July 2012, Sale L12033, Lot 10; direct link: [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20165105

Catherine Parr By After Master John - http://www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/object/1276906https://artuk.org/discover/artworks/queen-catherine-parr-15121548-170943/view_as/grid/search/keyword:catherine-parr/page/1#, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13408812

The Old Palace at Hatfield House in Hertfordshire By Acabashi - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42089397

Mary I and Philip II of Spain By anonymous - http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/14425, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62809943

Catherine of Aragon By Lucas Horenbout - radikal.ruportraitsofkings.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74534391

Gold medal showing "Mary I, Queen of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith" (1555) By Jacopo da Trezzo - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=71806834

Thomas Wyatt the Younger led the failed rebellion By Hans Holbein the Younger - The Weiss Gallery, London, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22401017

View of Allington Castle, Wyatt's home in Kent By Photochrom Print Collection - Library of CongressCatalog: http://lccn.loc.gov/2002697023, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33241877

Elizabeth I in her coronation robes By Unknown author - Scanned from the book The National Portrait Gallery History of the Kings and Queens of England by David Williamson, ISBN 1855142287., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6639542

Portrait of Elizabeth I from 1586 to 1587 By Nicholas Hilliard - Nationalmuseum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73624399

The execution scene, drawn by eyewitness Robert Beale By Robert Beale (1541-1601), Clerk of the Privy Council to Queen Elizabeth I - British Library, Additional Manuscript 48027, folio 650[1] from Robert Beale's The Order and Manner of the Execution of Mary Queen of Scots, Feb. 8, 1587., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63563959

Titian's portrait of Philip as prince (1551) By Titian - Museo del Prado., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=140998

English fireships launched at the Spanish armada off Calais By anonymous - Royal Museums Greenwich Collections, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59443607

Destruction of the Invincible Armada, by Spanish painter Jose Gartner (1892) By José Gartner - [3], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31980586

Route of the Spanish Armada By Robert Adams, Augustine Ryther - http://www.nmm.ac.uk/collections/displayRepro.cfm?ReproID=F8038&picture=1#content, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4447929

Defeat of the Spanish Armada, by Philip James de Loutherbourg (1796) By Philip James de Loutherbourg - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=528316

A scale model of the Globe Theatre in London Haklai, Y. (2020, June 11). Globe Theatre Model. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12361/globe-theatre-model/

A c. 1610 CE portrait of William Shakespeare Artist, U. (2020, June 10). William Shakespeare. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12357/william-shakespeare/

Procession of Shakespearean characters Artist, U. (2020, June 11). Procession of Shakespearean Characters. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12363/procession-of-shakespearean-characters/

A map illustrating the flourishing English trade with Europe during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603) Netchev, S. (2021, December 15). Elizabethan Trade with Europe, c. 1600. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14997/elizabethan-trade-with-europe-c-1600/

"East India House," by Thomas Malton the Younger (1748-1804) By Thomas Malton the Younger (1748-1804) - Yale Center for British Art [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24958163

Holiness defeats Error: an illustration from Book I, Part l of an 1895–1897 edition By Walter Crane - Folger Shakespeare Library Digital Image Collection http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/gm58s9, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41029071

Portrait of Elizabeth I in the Palazzo Pitti, Florence By Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger - http://www.art-prints-on-demand.com/a/english-school/queen-elizabeth-i-of-engl.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5164479

Elizabeth Tudor as a Princess, c. 1546, by an unknown artist By Presumably William Scrots - wartburg.edu, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=686176

The Hardwick Hall Portrait, the Mask of Youth, Hilliard workshop, c. 1599 By Workshop of Nicholas Hilliard - Scanned from Jane Ashelford, The Art of Dress, London, National Trust, 1996, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4658944

Portrait by Nicholas Hilliard (c. 1576-78) By Attributed to Nicholas Hilliard - image, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59455175

The unfinished miniature by Isaac Oliver (c. 1592) By Isaac Oliver - Scanned from Karen Hearn, Marcus Gheeraerts II Elizabeth Artist, London: Tate Publishing 2002, ISBN 1854374435, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5066344

James VI and I By Attributed to John de Critz - Prado image, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37047

Elizabeth I receiving Dutch ambassadors (ca. 1560s) By Levina Teerlinc, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=686182

William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley By Attributed to Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger - This file was derived from: William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley from NPG (2).jpg:, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=105117150

Sir Francis Walsingham Von Tudor Portraits. Extracted originally from en.wikipedia.org English Wikipedia, retract by John de Critz, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=232071

Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester By Steven van der Meulen - https://waddesdon.org.uk/the-collection/item/?id=3289, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1583840

Queen Elizabeth and Leicester, by William Frederick Yeames (1865) By William Frederick Yeames - François de Dijon, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33861735

The Death of Amy Robsart, as imagined by William Frederick Yeames By William Frederick Yeames - http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ViewWork?cgroupid=999999961&workid=16506&searchid=31997&tabview=image, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1608104

The Woburn Abbey version of the Armada Portrait, c. 1588 By Formerly attributed to George Gower - http://www.luminarium.org/renlit/elizarmada.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28313

Pair of miniatures of Elizabeth and Leicester (c. 1575) By Nicholas Hilliard - http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01524/Elizabeth_1524100c.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10344211

Silver coin of Elizabeth I of England By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75506449

Elizabeth I and the Three Goddesses, 1569 By Attributed to Hans Eworth - http://www.shafe.co.uk/crystal/images/lshafe/Eworth_Elizabeth_I_and_the_Three_Goddesses_1569.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5062556

Henry VIII By After Hans Holbein the Younger - eAHC0d0WiemXSA — Google Arts & Culture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21878559

The Plimpton Sieve Portrait, by George Gower (1579) By George Gower - http://www.folger.edu/html/exhibitions/elizabeth_I/sieve.asp, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5076344

The Virgin in Prayer, by Sassoferrato (c. 1650) By Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1432637

The Pelican Portrait, probably by Nicholas Hilliard (c. 1575) By Nicholas Hilliard (called) (1547 – 1619)Details on Google Art Project - VgG8ronTPh8jDg at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21894152

Pope Pius V By Bartolomeo Passarotti - https://art.thewalters.org/detail/23806/portrait-of-pope-pius-v/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112800161

Queen Elizabeth I (c. 1570) By Hans Eworth - http://www.agecrofthall.com/Gloriana/pages/exhibits.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5178399

Mary, Queen of Scots, by François Clouet (1542-1587) By François Clouet - YQExprz3sIBJ8A at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22127280

Mary in captivity, by Nicholas Hilliard (c. 1578) By Nicholas Hilliard - Cropped from File:MaryQOSmin1.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18699390

Contemporary depiction of the queen's litter By Unknown author - http://www.elizabethan-portraits.com/Elizabeth41.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8853349

A print of Act III, Scene i: "Once more unto the breach, dear friends!" By Thomas Robinson (printmaker) - Folger Shakespeare Library Digital Image Collection http://luna.folger.edu/luna/servlet/s/v91611, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41026758


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An Introduction to the Punic Wars - Ancient Rome vs. Carthage Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Catapulta by Edward Poynter, 1868 CE; modern depiction of a Roman siege engine during the siege of Carthage By Edward Poynter - http://prerafaelit.narod.ru/gal4/photo20.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1785057

Archimedes before being killed by the Roman soldier By Unknown author - Scanned by Szilas from the book J. M. Roberts: Kelet-Ázsia és a klasszikus Görögország (East Asia and Classical Greece), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52151843

Denarius of C. Caecilius Metellus Caprarius, minted in 125 BC. The reverse depicts the triumph of his ancestor Lucius Caecilius Metellus, with the elephants he had captured at Panormus By CNG - https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=311112, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73064567

Map of the western Mediterranean at the time of the First Punic War in 264 BCE. Platek, J. (2012, April 26). The Western Mediterranean 264 BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/237/the-western-mediterranean-264-bce/

The Second Punic War (218 - 201 BCE) Netchev, S. (2022, May 31). The Second Punic War (218 - 201 BCE). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15973/the-second-punic-war-218---201-bce/

Hannibal's Major Battles in Italy Martini, F. (2016, May 26). Hannibal's Major Battles in Italy. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5175/hannibals-major-battles-in-italy/

Map of the Mediterranean Sea with Europe and North Africa, showing the approximate route taken by Hannibal in the Third Century B.C. By Harrias - Own workMovements based on Miles, Richard (2011). Carthage Must be Destroyed. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-101809-6, pp. 260-261., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=129569922

Battle of Zama Sailko, . (2016, March 15). Battle of Zama. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4634/battle-of-zama/

Map of the western Mediterranean Sea in 264 BC By Harrias - This file was derived from: First Punic War 264 BC v2.pngChanges:Adjusted Carthaginian territory in Corsica and Sardinia.Information from:Muir, Ramsay; Treharne R. F.; Fullard, Harold (1969). Muir's Historical Atlas. London: George Philip and Son. OCLC 1090019533 p. 11, map B., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=93911131

Polybius, ancient Greek historian By Jona Lendering, Livius Onderwijs - Livius.Org, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2644347

Detail from the Ahenobarbus relief showing two Roman foot-soldiers from the second century BC By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2007), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87399462

Hamilcar Barca Kordas, . (2016, May 30). Hamilcar Barca. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5181/hamilcar-barca/

Territory ceded to Rome by Carthage under the treaty is shown in pink By First_Punic_War_264_BC.png: Jon PlatekFirst_Punic_War_264_BC.jpg: Macarensesderivative work: Harrias - First_Punic_War_264_BC.jpgInformation from:Muir, Ramsay; Treharne R. F.; Fullard, Harold (1969). Muir's Historical Atlas. London: George Philip and Son. OCLC 1090019533 p. 11, map B., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92989835

A Carthaginian quarter-shekel, dated 237–209 BC, depicting the Punic god Melqart (who was associated with Hercules/Heracles). On the reverse is an elephant, possibly a war elephant By CNG - https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=191596, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=72830171

Modern bust of Hannibal Barca Raddato, C. (2016, January 10). Hannibal Barca Bust. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4387/hannibal-barca-bust/

Quintus Fabius Maximus By Herzi Pinki - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=63204948

John Trumbull, The Death of Paulus Aemilius at the Battle of Cannae (1773) By John Trumbull - The Athenaeum / Yale University Art Gallery, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16173157

Battles of Trebia, Lake Trasimene and Cannae, anticlockwise, from top By Original Author - The Department of History, United States Military Academy. USMC provided permission for raster graphic. See https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Second_Punic_War_Battles.gif for more information - Digitization of https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Second_Punic_War_Battles.gif, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=108533873

Hannibal and his army crossing the Alps, by Heinrich Leutemann 1866 CE By Heinrich Leutemann - http://www.musee-dauphinois.fr/uploads/Image/55/WEB_CHEMIN_13462_1303138981.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58002050

A silver double shekel from Carthage's last minting of coins before its destruction By CNG - https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=66882, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=95339113

Map of approximate extent of Numidian, Carthaginian and Roman territory in 150 BC By Goran tek-en, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=111637076

Ruins of the Punic Quarter, Carthage, in 2005 By Eirik Newth - originally posted to Flickr as The Punic Quarter, Carthage, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3824202

Cato the Elder Artist, U. (2017, March 15). Cato the Elder. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6421/cato-the-elder/

The Phoenician Expansion c. 11th to 6th centuries BCE Netchev, S. (2021, November 09). The Phoenician Expansion c. 11th to 6th centuries BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14796/the-phoenician-expansion-c-11th-to-6th-centuries-b/

Military Harbour of Carthage Raddato, C. (2016, May 01). Military Harbour of Carthage. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5016/military-harbour-of-carthage/

Trade Routes in the Ancient Mediterranean Netchev, S. (2021, August 16). Trade Routes in the Ancient Mediterranean. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14421/trade-routes-in-the-ancient-mediterranean/

Corvus (boarding device) By Chewie - based on Model of the "corvus" by Martin Lokaj, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1683017

Roman Warship Relief Miate, L. (2017, September 06). Roman Warship Relief. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7232/roman-warship-relief/

Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite Ferruggia, A. (2016, June 07). Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5189/carthaginian-sacred-band-hoplite/

Modern recreations of Carthaginian soldiers and a war elephant By Elliott Sadourny - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31195604

The Iberian Peninsula in the 3rd century BC Von Alcides Pinto - Based on the map done by Portuguese Archeologist Luís Fraga, from the "Campo Arqueológico de Tavira". The reference map can be found at this location [1]., GFDL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10271416

Coin showing Hasdrubal Barca By The Ogre at en.wikipedia - Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here. Original uploader was The Ogre at en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2825608

Acropolis & Theatre of Saguntum Cartwright, M. (2016, September 02). Acropolis & Theatre of Saguntum. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5595/acropolis--theatre-of-saguntum/

Blocks carrying a Latin inscription of the imperial forum of Roman Saguntum Cartwright, M. (2016, September 02). Inscription Stones, Forum of Saguntum. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5596/inscription-stones-forum-of-saguntum/

A bust of Hannibal, 17th century CE By Jll294 - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10896637

Destruction of the Roman army By HogweardBattle cannae destruction.png: Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy - Battle cannae destruction.png: The Department of History, United States Military Academy [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92510196

Philip V of Macedon pledged his support to Hannibal following the Carthaginian victory By PHGCOM - Own work by uploader, photographed at the British Museum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6067809

Portrait of Scipio Africanus, marble, c. 1460–1465 CE By Francis Helminski - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85377237

An imaginative 16th-century CE painting of the battle By anonymous - https://www.artic.edu/artworks/111618, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=77732835

Roman Mosaic Showing the Transport of an Elephant Raddato, C. (2015, June 11). Roman Mosaic Showing the Transport of an Elephant. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3925/roman-mosaic-showing-the-transport-of-an-elephant/

Phoenician-Punic Ship NMB, . (2016, March 31). Phoenician-Punic Ship. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4818/phoenician-punic-ship/

By Kocaeligönüllüsü - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=99599013

Hiero II of Syracuse By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40864167

Full scale replica of a Roman military troop transporter ship By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Full scale replica of a Roman military troop transporter ship (navis lusoria) from Mainz (Type Mainz A), Museum für Antike Schiffahrt, Mainz, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65155973


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The Five Good Emperors of the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Niccolò Machiavelli, Portrait by Santi di Tito (c. 1550–1600 CE) By Santi di Tito - Own work, 25 November 2019, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84353395

Portrait of Edward Gibbon (1737–1794 CE) By Joshua Reynolds - http://www.myartprints.co.uk/a/reynolds-sir-joshua/portrait-of-edward-gibbon-1.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8646190

Sculpted head of the emperor Commodus By TimeTravelRome - Sculpted head of the emperor Commodus 185-190 AD, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=107023923

Bust of Marcus Aurelius (reign 161–180 CE) By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84488018

Nerva By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9945502

Roman Emperor Domitian, Louvre Louvre), M. H. (. a. t. M. d. (2013, April 25). Roman Emperor Domitian, Louvre. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1154/roman-emperor-domitian-louvre/

Praetorians Relief By Christophe Jacquand - File:MBALyon2018 - Expo Claude - Relief Pretoriens.jpg, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75617637 By Sunappu-shashin - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75828358

Trajan wearing the civic crown and military garb such as a muscle cuirass, 2nd century CE By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10205712

Gold aureus of Trajan depicting him alongside his namesake father, 115 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14765474

Trajan's Bridge over the Danube, Romanian side By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Trajan's Bridge over the Danube, Romanian side, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74363703

Bust of Plotina, exhibited in the Vatican Museums By Rabax63 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45082930

Bust of Hadrian By Djehouty - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85310985

Antoninus Pius By Unknown artist - Originally uploaded by User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, on 2007-02-08. Edited by User:Steerpike, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2940244

Depiction of Pius and Faustina on the base of the Column of Antoninus Pius By User:Sailko; cropped by User:QuartierLatin1968 - File:Base della colonna antonina 01.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44974130

Antonine Wall electropod, . (2013, January 14). Antonine Wall. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1024/antonine-wall/

Map Indicating the Antonine & Hadrian Walls Einstein, N. (2016, December 12). Map Indicating the Antonine & Hadrian Walls. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6131/map-indicating-the-antonine--hadrian-walls/

Lucius Verus By Self-photographed / PierreSelim, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52242304

The angel of death striking a door during the plague of Rome Delaunay, L. a. J. (2019, April 04). Plague of Rome. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10363/plague-of-rome/

Titlepage of Meditations published in 1811 CE By Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, R. Graves - Private Collection of S. Whitehead, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8742731

The Triumph of Death Prado, M. d. (2020, March 22). The Triumph of Death. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12031/the-triumph-of-death/

Relief of the Roman-Parthian wars at the Arch of Septimius Severus By Unknown author - original photo by Radomil 28.09.2004 File:Luk Septymiusza Sewera Detal 1DSCF0006.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6218314

Emperor Commodus Leaving the Arena at the Head of the Gladiators by Edwin Blashfield (1848–1936 By Edwin Howland Blashfield - https://hermitagemuseum.wordpress.com/2011/10/14/on-commodus/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84766891

Aurei of the five Roman emperors of AD 193. Clockwise from top left: Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus, with Septimius Severus in the center By Cakelot1 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112102433

The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE Netchev, S. (2023, March 07). The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17154/the-roman-empire-and-the-crisis-of-the-third-centu/

The Travels of Hadrian and the Roman Empire c. 125 CE Netchev, S. (2021, October 22). The Travels of Hadrian and the Roman Empire c. 125 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14744/the-travels-of-hadrian-and-the-roman-empire-c-125/


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Ancient Rome and the Spread of Christianity Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus Cartwright, M. (2012, April 26). Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (Detail). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/486/augustus-as-pontifex-maximus-detail/

Roman Household Spirits: Manes, Panes and Lares Raddato, C. (2018, December 13). Pompeii Fresco with Lares. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/9711/pompeii-fresco-with-lares/

Mourning Scene, Roman Sarcophagus Cartwright, M. (2014, May 09). Mourning Scene, Roman Sarcophagus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2627/mourning-scene-roman-sarcophagus/

The Temple of Gaius and Lucius, known today as the Maison Carrée at Nîmes, owes its preservation to its conversion to a church By Krzysztof Golik - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=82059518

The Fall of the Western Roman Empire, c. 480 CE Netchev, S. (2023, April 18). The Fall of the Western Roman Empire, c. 480 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17289/the-fall-of-the-western-roman-empire-c-480-ce/

The Siege of Constantinople D., D. (2018, January 22). The Siege of Constantinople. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/8002/the-siege-of-constantinople/

The Course of Empire Destruction, by Cole Thomas (1836 CE) By Thomas Cole - Explore Thomas Cole, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=183045

Monogramme of Christ (the Chi Rho) on a plaque of a sarcophagus, 4th-century CE By User:Jebulon - File:Chrisme_Colosseum_Rome_Italy.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=77654168

Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence (Christian heroes and martyrs, 1895 CE) By Internet Archive Book Images - https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14778548661/, No restrictions, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41879067

Antoninus Pius Münchner Glyptothek Von Künstler/-in unbekannt - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46590553

Statue of Constantine the Great in Oria By Livioandronico2013, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35143996

Icon depicting the Emperor Constantine and the bishops of the First Council of Nicaea By Unknown author - http://home.scarlet.be, http://home.scarlet.be, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=117976

The Council of Nicaea, with Arius depicted as defeated by the council, lying under the feet of Emperor Constantine By Jjensen - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4610911

Theodosius I By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=122372953

Missorium of Theodosius, found in 1847 in Almendralejo, Spain By Italica Res - https://italicaresblog.files.wordpress.com/2019/02/26240312_754274138115782_3703772922092310114_o.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126321956

Marble head of Dionysus By Raffaele pagani - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73863353

A mithraeum found in the ruins of Ostia Antica, Italy. By Michelle Touton (Ailurophyle) - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=837407

Mithras killing the bull (c. 150 CE) By Serge Ottaviani - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25598813

The suovetaurilia was an ancient Roman sacrifice in which a pig, a sheep, and a bull were sacrificed By Marie-Lan Nguyen (January 2005), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39364

Family of Septimius Severus anagoria By Anagoria - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31447599

Roman Legionaries Splinter, H. (2021, March 10). Roman Legionaries. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13598/roman-legionaries/

The ancient quarters of Rome By The original uploader was Filipvr at English Wikipedia. - Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2070294

Dionysus triumph, a mosaic from the House of Poseidon By Dosseman - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78213024

Roman marble sarcophagus with the Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons (circa 260–270 CE) By Haiduc - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4033809

Late Roman sarcophagus with a combined cross and wreathed chi-rho By Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1309842

The Christian Martyrs' Last Prayer, by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1883 CE) By Jean-Léon Gérôme - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18824108

Head of a Togate Statue of Diocletian By IslandsEnd - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26137594

Roman Marriage Ceremony Museum, T. T. o. t. B. (2020, August 28). Roman Marriage Ceremony. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12632/roman-marriage-ceremony/

Constantius II By Jebulon - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29740542


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Fullers of Ancient Rome (The Clothes Cleaners of Rome) Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Ancient Roman Marketplace Magazine, M. P. /. A. H. (2020, March 30). Ancient Roman Marketplace. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12040/ancient-roman-marketplace/

The thermopolium (cook-shop) of Vetutius Placidus in Pompeii. Thermapolia were bars which served hot food and drinks. Raddato, C. (2019, September 23). The Thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus in Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11256/the-thermopolium-of-vetutius-placidus-in-pompeii/

The garden area of the Fullonica of Stephanus, which had been converted to the drying area of the laundry, Pompeii. Raddato, C. (2021, July 13). Garden of the Fullonica of Stephanus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14389/garden-of-the-fullonica-of-stephanus/

Roman Toga Cartwright, M. (2016, November 23). Roman Toga, Tarragona. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6072/roman-toga-tarragona/

Roman Toga Illustration Antiquities, 1. D. o. C. (2012, April 26). Roman Toga Illustration. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/98/roman-toga-illustration/

Detail of the "Bikini Mosaic" in the Villa Romana del Casale in Pompeii Forget, Y. (2020, January 30). Bikini Girl Mosaic, Villa Romana del Casale. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11804/bikini-girl-mosaic-villa-romana-del-casale/

The Fullonica of Stephanus in Pompeii Raddato, C. (2019, September 23). The Fullonica of Stephanus in Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11257/the-fullonica-of-stephanus-in-pompeii/

A wall painting from Pompeii showing a procession of magistrates all wearing their purple-edged togas, the toga praetexta. (Murecine building, 1st century CE) Artist, U. (2019, September 10). Magistrates Wall Painting, Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11175/magistrates-wall-painting-pompeii/

Statue of Livia Drusilla wearing a stola and palla By Ángel M. Felicísimo - Livia Drusila, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44573665

Workers hanging up clothing to dry, wall painting from a fuller's shop (fullonica) at Pompeii By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 136, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6230380

Raising the nap, Roman fresco By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 137, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=127348966

Sarcophagus of the brothers By © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17001862

Ancient Times, Roman. - 017 - Costumes of All Nations By by Albert Kretschmer, painters and costumer to the Royal Court Theatre, Berin, and Dr. Carl Rohrbach. - Costumes of All Nations (1882), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17037629

The communal latrine at Ostia Raddato, C. (2014, February 28). Roman Latrine, Ostia. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2328/roman-latrine-ostia/

Denarius with Vespasian By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46015952

Raised-relief image of Minerva on a Roman gilt silver bowl, first century BC By Photo: Andreas Praefcke - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2132390

Fresco of Minerva from Herculaneum By AlMare - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113498244


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All Roads Lead to Rome: The Roads of Ancient Rome Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

The Roman-built Furlo tunnel, built by emperor Vespasian in 69-79 CE AlMare, . (2016, April 05). Furlo Tunnel. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4867/furlo-tunnel/

Romans used the shafts that were also used in Qanats Bailey, S. (2021, February 05). Qanat Cross-Section. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13349/qanat-cross-section/

The Roman Laws of the Twelve Tables, c. 449 BCE Netchev, S. (2023, June 02). The Roman Laws of the Twelve Tables, c. 449 BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17482/the-roman-laws-of-the-twelve-tables-c-449-bce/

A section of surviving Roman road near Cirauqui in northern Spain Jaume, W. U. (2014, September 15). Roman Road, Spain. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3018/roman-road-spain/

Roman milestone XXIX on Via Romana XVIII By Júlio Reis - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=934562

Roman milestone at Codley Gate (1.7m tall) By Bob Embleton, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9134308

Drainage ditch beside Roman Road, Pakenham By Drainage ditch beside Roman Road, Pakenham by Evelyn Simak, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113583691

Reenactment: Surveyor using a groma By MatthiasKabel - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7196502

Possible bust of Caecus By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9944092

Major roads in the Roman Empire Crabben, J. v. d. (2019, November 24). Roads of the Roman Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11501/roads-of-the-roman-empire/

Roman roads around Rome By Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67678543

Roman carriage (reconstruction) By Nicolas von Kospoth (Triggerhappy) - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1070920

Theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, Roman mosaic, 2nd century CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany (FollowingHadrian); derivative work: Speravir - Mosaic depicting theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd century AD, from Rome Thermae Decianae (?), Palazzo Nuovo, Capitoline Museums (12830396085).jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49867373

Panel from a representation of a triumph of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius; a winged genius hovers above his head By User:MatthiasKabel - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6737718

A procession of penitents before the Colosseum in Rome By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/2b/0a/ed56807f10ddb40f3f33431f00bc.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/V0035757.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-22): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/zp9q3kqg CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36617220


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All Roads Lead to Rome: The Roads of Ancient Rome Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

The Roman-built Furlo tunnel, built by emperor Vespasian in 69-79 CE AlMare, . (2016, April 05). Furlo Tunnel. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4867/furlo-tunnel/

Romans used the shafts that were also used in Qanats Bailey, S. (2021, February 05). Qanat Cross-Section. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13349/qanat-cross-section/

The Roman Laws of the Twelve Tables, c. 449 BCE Netchev, S. (2023, June 02). The Roman Laws of the Twelve Tables, c. 449 BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17482/the-roman-laws-of-the-twelve-tables-c-449-bce/

A section of surviving Roman road near Cirauqui in northern Spain Jaume, W. U. (2014, September 15). Roman Road, Spain. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3018/roman-road-spain/

Roman milestone XXIX on Via Romana XVIII By Júlio Reis - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=934562

Roman milestone at Codley Gate (1.7m tall) By Bob Embleton, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9134308

Drainage ditch beside Roman Road, Pakenham By Drainage ditch beside Roman Road, Pakenham by Evelyn Simak, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113583691

Reenactment: Surveyor using a groma By MatthiasKabel - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7196502

Possible bust of Caecus By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9944092

Major roads in the Roman Empire Crabben, J. v. d. (2019, November 24). Roads of the Roman Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11501/roads-of-the-roman-empire/

Roman roads around Rome By Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67678543

Roman carriage (reconstruction) By Nicolas von Kospoth (Triggerhappy) - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1070920

Theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, Roman mosaic, 2nd century CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany (FollowingHadrian); derivative work: Speravir - Mosaic depicting theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd century AD, from Rome Thermae Decianae (?), Palazzo Nuovo, Capitoline Museums (12830396085).jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49867373

Panel from a representation of a triumph of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius; a winged genius hovers above his head By User:MatthiasKabel - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6737718

A procession of penitents before the Colosseum in Rome By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/2b/0a/ed56807f10ddb40f3f33431f00bc.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/V0035757.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-22): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/zp9q3kqg CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36617220


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History of Slavery in Ancient Rome Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Zoninus collar By Rabax63 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=56425098

Relief depicting a Roman soldier leading captives in chains By Jun - Flickr: Roman collared slaves, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16289799

Fragment of a marble relief depicting manumission and the wearing of the pilleus (1st century BC) By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44988246

Mosaic from a Roman villa depicting two female slaves (ancillae) attending their mistress By This file was made by Fabien Dany.Please credit this : Fabien Dany - www.fabiendany.com / in the immediate vicinity of the image.If you use one of my photos, Please email me (user account needed) or leave me a short message on my discussion page.It would be greatly appreciated. You can find more pictures on my Image Gallery...Do not copy this image illegally by ignoring the terms of the license, as it is not in the public domain.If you would like special permission to use, license, or purchase the image please contact me to negotiate terms. - personal picture, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7609459

End of a dinner party: a small slave in a white tunic helps the master with his shoes, the one in the middle offers a drink, and another slave supports a vomiting guest who’s overindulged By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91619648

Statuette of a slave from the Bursa Archaeological Museum By Dosseman - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92968749

Roman mosaic from Veii (Isola Farnese, Italy) depicting an African elephant being loaded onto a ship Raddato, C. (2015, June 11). Roman Mosaic Showing the Transport of an Elephant. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3925/roman-mosaic-showing-the-transport-of-an-elephant/

Buying a slave, by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824–1904 CE) By Jean-Léon Gérôme - Gérôme, Achat d'une esclave, 1857, leo.jeje, 2011-04-12 11:28, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38412481

The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus Netchev, S. (2022, March 24). The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15518/the-provinces-of-the-roman-empire-under-augustus/

Territorial Expansion of the Roman Republic (c. 260 - 30 BCE) Netchev, S. (2022, December 05). Territorial Expansion of the Roman Republic (c. 260 - 30 BCE). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16762/territorial-expansion-of-the-roman-republic-c-260/

Painting from Pompeii, now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale (Naples), showing a banquet or family ceremony By Unknown artist - Theodore H. Feder (1978) Great Treasures of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Abbeville Press, pp. 24−25 ISBN: 9780896590212. OCLC: 815635521., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16084918

Family of Septimius Severus anagoria By Anagoria - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31447599

The Rape of the Sabine Women, detail, by Giovanni Francesco Romanelli (1612–1660) By Jastrow - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3398456

Example of Beheading, a Roman military punishment carried out by the use of a axe or sword Rare Books Keywords: Military History; William Hogarth; Army By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/5d/d9/f5d6bae06c40484692bde2ee8e3e.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0034346.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-29): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/r87hc969 CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36063982

Mosaic painting depicting an ancient Roman slave By ナムソン - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90979723

Roman Slaves Relief Slab Raddato, C. (2016, October 05). Roman Slaves Relief Slab. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5834/roman-slaves-relief-slab/

Detail of a poet giving directions from a theatrical scene. Roman mosaic from the tablinum Casa del Poeta tragico (VI 8, 3–5) in Pompeii. Naples National Archaeological Museum. By WolfgangRieger - Marisa Ranieri Panetta (ed.): Pompeji. Geschichte, Kunst und Leben in der versunkenen Stadt. Belser, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-7630-2266-X, p. 344f, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6221453

Terence, 9th-century illustration, possibly copied from 3rd-century original By Unknown author - File:Vaticana, Vat. lat. 3868 (2r).jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18960421

Artistic impression of Epictetus, including his crutch By William Sonmans - https://archive.org/details/epictetienchirid00epic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9071933

Map of the First Servile War (135-132 BC) By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=98635995

Third Servile war, Plutarch By Jalo - SVG version of Image:3rd servile 72 plutarch.gif, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4078667

Roman Gladiator Mosaic Raddato, C. (2014, February 28). Roman Gladiator Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2326/roman-gladiator-mosaic/

Spartacus Raddato, C. (2014, August 19). Spartacus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2934/spartacus/

Spartacus' death By Hermann Vogel - http://www.allposters.com/-sp/Slave-Revolt-in-the-Final-Battle-Crassus-Defeats-the-Slaves-and-Spartacus-is-Killed-Posters_i1879371_.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19340464

Marcus Licinius Crassus, Louvre Raddato, C. (2014, August 19). Marcus Licinius Crassus, Louvre. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2930/marcus-licinius-crassus-louvre/

A floor mosaic from Pompeii depicting a guard dog. (1st century CE) WolfgangReiger, W. U. (2014, June 21). Dog Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2704/dog-mosaic/

Mourning Scene, Roman Sarcophagus Cartwright, M. (2014, May 09). Mourning Scene, Roman Sarcophagus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2627/mourning-scene-roman-sarcophagus/


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The Cult of the Emperor in the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Venus and Mars sculpture group reworked to portray an Imperial couple (created 120–140 CE, reworked 170–175 CE) By Alphanidon (2 February 2010), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9378337

Bronze genius depicted as pater familias (1st century CE) By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7946831

The inscription on the Trajan's Column listed Trajan as Pater Patriae By Attributed to Apollodorus of Damascus - Conrad Cichorius: "Die Reliefs der Traianssäule", Erster Tafelband: "Die Reliefs des Ersten Dakischen Krieges", Tafeln 1–57, Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin 1896, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5075001

Statue of Dea Roma By Jacob374 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49205428

Relief panel from an altar to Venus and Mars depicting Romulus and Remus suckling the she-wolf By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1233398

Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century CE By Joel Bellviure - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=129823838

Assassination of Julius Caesar By Vincenzo Camuccini - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=61209355

Bust of Deified Julius Caesar By Mary Harrsch from Springfield, Oregon, USA - Bust of Deified Julius Caesar South Italy Apulia 1225-1250 CE Limestone, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92418529

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus Cartwright, M. (2012, April 26). Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (Detail). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/486/augustus-as-pontifex-maximus-detail/

Bust of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Octavius By Rosemania - https://www.flickr.com/photos/rosemania/5371830337, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12833457

A detail of the bronze statue of Roman emperor Augustus Cartwright, M. (2014, November 17). Augustus, Bronze Head from Euboea. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3257/augustus-bronze-head-from-euboea/

Augustus as Jove, holding scepter and orb (first half of 1st century CE) By AmerikoV - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=103393049

A denarius minted circa 18 BC. Obverse: CAESAR AVGVSTVS By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=534248 Temple of Augustus and Livia, Vienne (modern France). Originally dedicated to Augustus and Roma. By Jacques MOSSOT - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36693888

Interior of the College of the Augustales at Herculaneum By Velvet - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20597251

Roman cameo of an imperial sacrifice By Sailko - This file has been extracted from another file, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=104490228

Dice players in a wall painting from Pompeii By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 146, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6241574

The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE Netchev, S. (2023, March 07). The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17154/the-roman-empire-and-the-crisis-of-the-third-centu/

Bust of Marcus Aurelius (reign 161–180 CE) By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84488018

Bust of Commodus By Romainbehar - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113092094

Head of the Colossus of Constantine By Merulana - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126701466 Temple of Divus Augustus By Krzysztof Golik - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=99865909


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Ancient Roman Ghosts, Spirits and Ghost Stories Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Aeneas and the Penates, from a 4th-century manuscript By Unknown author - Vergil MS Vat. lat. 3225, folio 28 recto, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=429550

Fresco in Pompeii depicting two lares with rhyton and situla By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91622604

Lar holding a cornucopia from Axatiana By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5386816

The abbreviation D.M. at the top of this 3rd-century Christian tombstone stands for Dis Manibus, "to the Spirits of the Dead" By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1818272

Statue of Plinius Minor on the Duomo By JoJan - Self-photographed, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25812394

Engraving by Henry Justice Ford By Henry Justice Ford - http://www.postershowcase.info/i1862812.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11733112

Restoration of a late antique ceiling painting, depicting prose writer Apuleius By Unknown author - Front cover of The Fortunes of Apuleius and The Golden Ass: A Study in Transmission and Reception by Julia Haig Gaisser (2008) ISBN 9780691131368, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16005305

Plautus Artist, U. (2015, December 31). Plautus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4373/plautus/

A 1st century CE Roman tomb Cartwright, M. (2016, March 09). Roman Tomb. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4618/roman-tomb/

A copy of a Roman tombstone found in Chester By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16041756


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Pompey The Great Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus By Sailko - https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Ritratto_di_pompeo_magno%2C_20_a.C._circa.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=133213954

Gaius Julius Caesar By Ángel M. Felicísimo from Mérida, España - Retrato de Julio César, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91281949#

Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo By Zuffe - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=99219708

A map of the Middle East, Greece and Asia Minor, showing the states at the breakout of the first Mithridatic war By Ilya Yakubovich - This file has been extracted from another file, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87939799

Sulla By Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1810084

Pompey's campaign against the Cilician pirates By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=130040359

By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2869516

Roman Shop Fronts in Ostia H.Consoli, R. (2013, May 10). Roman Shop Fronts, Ostia. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1210/roman-shop-fronts-ostia/

Daorson Ruins, Ancient Illyria saxx, P. (2019, August 10). Daorson Ruins, Ancient Illyria. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11052/daorson-ruins-ancient-illyria/

Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus Raddato, C. (2016, December 20). Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6199/mithridates-vi-eupator-of-pontus/

Tigranes the Great By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83404979

Seleucid Empire 200 BCE Lessman, T. (2018, May 18). Seleucid Empire 200 BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/8619/seleucid-empire-200-bce/

The Triumph of Pompey, by Gabriel de Saint-Aubin By Gabriel de Saint-Aubin - Metropolitan Museum of Art, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54126521

Posthumous bust of Caesar Raddato, C. (2014, April 04). Posthumous bust of Caesar. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2514/posthumous-bust-of-caesar/

Bronze sculpture of Julius Caesar in Rimini, Italy Jansoone, G. (2014, July 01). Julius Caesar. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2737/julius-caesar/

The First Triumvirate; left to right, Caesar , Crassus, and Pompey By Andreas Wahra, Diagram Lajard - gimp merger of the three wikimedia commons picturesGiulio-cesare-enhanced 1-800x1450.jpg,Crassus Kopenhagen.jpg andPompeius Kopenhagen.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21409381

A Roman denarius of 63 BC: a voter casting a ballot By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4770357

Marcus Licinius Crassus, Louvre Raddato, C. (2014, August 19). Marcus Licinius Crassus, Louvre. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2930/marcus-licinius-crassus-louvre/

Gnaeus Pompeius, Licinius Crassus, and Gaius Julius Caesar By Mary Harrsch - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=79266613

Portrait of Julius Caesar, 1st century BC By George E. Koronaios - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78981453

Cicero By Freud - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15559602

Roman senate By रोहित साव27 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=93691581

Battle of Pharsalus Lokshin, W. U. K. (2014, June 11). Battle of Pharsalus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2685/battle-of-pharsalus/

Death of Pompey, by Ludwig Gottlieb Portman By Rijksmuseum - http://hdl.handle.net/10934/RM0001.COLLECT.329989, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84373250

The Triumph of Pompey, by Gabriel de Saint-Aubin By Royal Writer2 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90113761

Alexander Mosaic (detail), House of the Faun, Pompeii By Unknown author - This file has been extracted from another file, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66715266

Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic Raddato, C. (2014, November 26). Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3273/retiarius-gladiator-mosaic/

The Last Senate of Julius Caesar, by Raffaele Giannetti By Raffaele Giannetti - Private Collection https://gallerix.org/fullpic/54a45630bbf4811a3497272442e0f3bb/, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=107543000


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Clothing and Fashion in Ancient Rome Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Toga statue of a Roman dignitary By Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=104945401

Ancient Times, Roman. - 017 - Costumes of All Nations (1882) By by Albert Kretschmer, painters and costumer to the Royal Court Theatre, Berin, and Dr. Carl Rohrbach. - Costumes of All Nations (1882), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17037629

Roman mosaic from Dougga By Pascal Radigue - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4966082

Marble relief depicting the freeing of a slave and the wearing of a brimless cap By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44988246

Marble statuette of a slave boy waiting with a lantern for his master By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60422290

Captives in Rome, painting by Charles W. Bartlett (1860 – 1940 CE) By Charles William Bartlett - http://artpaintingartist.org, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28273409

Female athletes wearing subligaculum By modification by AlMare of photograph taken by Disdero - Modified version of Image:Casale Bikini.jpg, uploaded by Disdero on 15:38, 18 June 2006, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1077263

A marble statue of a figure wearing a toga Cartwright, M. (2016, November 23). Roman Toga, Tarragona. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6072/roman-toga-tarragona/

A toga praetexta By Pearson Scott Foresman - This file has been extracted from another file, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3162343

Pseudo-Seneca from Puteoli Von Anonym (Puteoli) - Eigenes Werk (BurgererSF), CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25575782

Statue of Emperor Octavian Augsustus Cartwright, M. (2012, May 22). Augustus, Bronze Equestrian Statue. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/681/augustus-bronze-equestrian-statue/

Fragment of a relief from a sarcophagus depicting stages of the deceased's life: religious initiation, military service, and wedding (mid-2nd century CE) By Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow) 2009, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7808070

Mourning Scene on a Roman Sarcophagus Cartwright, M. (2014, May 09). Mourning Scene, Roman Sarcophagus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2627/mourning-scene-roman-sarcophagus/

Female athletes wearing subligaculum Von Artiste romain - Science & Avenir N°746 - Avril 2009 - Page 57, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6407215

Livia Drusilla wearing a stola and palla By Ángel M. Felicísimo - Livia Drusila, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44573665

Greek and Roman shoes Rare Books Keywords: Joseph Sparkes Hall By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/a0/e1/760c13ac32045c86422b51ef0ca8.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0015084.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-30): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/z4pk8ep8 CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35972423

amazingly preserved roman shoes; the black ones are the originals, and the brown ones the modern copies By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Roman shoes, Saalburgmuseum, Saalburg Roman Fort, Limes Germanicus, Germania (Germany)Uploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30158793

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus Cartwright, M. (2012, April 26). Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (Detail). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/486/augustus-as-pontifex-maximus-detail/

Roman Woman statue detail Istanbul Archaeological Museum By Eric Gaba, Wikimedia Commons user Sting, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58583361

Woman's hair being dressed by her slaves, circa 220 CE By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Funerary relief from Neumagen depicting a woman's hair being dressed by her slaves, circa 220 AD, Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier, Germany, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65038909

Partial view of a statue of Vibia Sabina (c.86–136/7). By Flickr: Vibia. Author: Iessi, 10 October 2006., CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3538633

Trade Links between the Roman Empire and the East (1st - 3rd centuries) Netchev, S. (2022, May 04). Trade Links between the Roman Empire and the East (1st - 3rd centuries). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15772/trade-links-between-the-roman-empire-and-the-east/

Head of "Sulis-Minerva" By Stan Zurek - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=954379

Ancient Roman Marketplace Magazine, M. P. /. A. H. (2020, March 30). Ancient Roman Marketplace. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12040/ancient-roman-marketplace/

Mural painting from fullonica VI 8, 20.21.2 at Pompeii By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 137, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6230359

The Fullonica of Stephanus in Pompeii Raddato, C. (2019, September 23). The Fullonica of Stephanus in Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11257/the-fullonica-of-stephanus-in-pompeii/

Workers hanging up clothing to dry By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 136, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6230380

The toga and calceus, shown here on a statue restored with the head of Nerva, was the distinctive garb of Roman male citizens. By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9945502 Young man wearing a tunic By Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow) 2009, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7871590

Gynaeceum scene: women spinning (c. 500 BC) By Diosphos Painter - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2007), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2793972


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History of Dogs in Ancient Roman Society and Myth Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

"The Capitoline Wolf" (La Lupa Capitolina) By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1208713

A map showing the extent of Etruria and the Etruscan civilization By NormanEinsteinderivative work: Maximilian Dörrbecker (Chumwa) - Based on a map from The National Geographic Magazine Vol.173 No.6 June 1988., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14432263

A cast of a dog from Pompeii Lawson, B. (2020, September 15). Dog, Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12745/dog-pompeii/

A floor mosaic from Pompeii depicting a guard dog. (1st century CE) WolfgangReiger, W. U. (2014, June 21). Dog Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2704/dog-mosaic/

Diana and Actaeon by Jacob Jordaens By Jacob Jordaens - Gemäldegalerie, Dresden, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6077773

Diana and Actaeon by Tiziano Vecelli By Titian - ggFplMh4sgQ6og — Google Arts & Culture, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13360974 The Transformation of Actaeon, by Jean Mignon By Jean Mignon (earliest reference 1537 - c. 1556)Died in Paris.Google Art Projectでのアーティストの詳細 - 7wGqGzxBXx93zQ at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23700450

Mosaic of a hunting Dog, found in Israel Raddato, C. (2020, September 15). Hunting Dog Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12744/hunting-dog-mosaic/

Cave Cavem mosaic from Pompeii Raddato, C. (2014, July 09). Cave Cavem mosaic from Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2747/cave-cavem-mosaic-from-pompeii/

Cave Canem (Beware of dog) Barrie, M. (2020, September 15). Cave Canem, Dog Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12746/cave-canem-dog-mosaic/

Dog Mosaic in the House of Paquius Proculus in Pompeii Raddato, C. (2019, September 27). Dog Mosaic in the House of Paquius Proculus in Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11276/dog-mosaic-in-the-house-of-paquius-proculus-in-pom/

A late 19th-century artist's reimagining of an atrium in a Pompeian domus By Luigi Bazzani - National Gallery of Art http://www.nga.gov/exhibitions/2008/pompeii/villa_houses.shtm Wikimedia Commons member Amadscientist, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6654888

Terracotta rhyton (vase for libations or drinking) The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0 https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247423 Molossian Hound By Photograph by Mike Peel (www.mikepeel.net)., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7704222

A reconstruction of the gate of the Roman fort Snowmanradio, . (2016, October 31). Roman Fort, Lunt. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5990/roman-fort-lunt/

Pliny the Elder By http://www.nlm.nih.gov/archive/20120918/hmd/breath/Faces_asthma/VIIA29.htmlThis file was derived from: Plinyelder.jpg:, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30423233

The relief stele of Kleitor supposedely depicting the Achaean statesman and historian Polybius By Jona Lendering, Livius Onderwijs - Livius.Org, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2644347

Bust of Plutarch at Chaeronea. By User:Odysses - Cropped version of File:Plutarch of Chaeronea-03.jpg., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=106148968

Detail of a fragment. By No machine-readable author provided. Gaius Cornelius assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=396313


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Lesser-Known Roman Deities Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Mercurius by Artus Quellinus the Elder By C messier - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=94407139

Saturn with head protected by winter cloak By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Saturn with head protected by winter cloak, holding a scythe in his right hand, fresco from the House of the Dioscuri at Pompeii, Naples Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45894015

Detail of the Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses Raddato, C. (2017, February 06). Etruscan Sarcophagus of the Spouses (detail). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6334/etruscan-sarcophagus-of-the-spouses-detail/

Bust of Bellona By Michel wal - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8021306

Bellona in armour, attributed to Rembrandt, 1633 CE By Rembrandt - www.metmuseum.org : Home : Info : Pic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14617977

Bellona Presenting the Reins of his Horses to Mars, Louis Jean François Lagrenée, 1766 CE By Louis Jean François Lagrenée - http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/full.php?ID=140334, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46719835

"Bellona inspires the invention of arms", Philip Galle, 1574 CE By Philip Galle - http://centuriespast.tumblr.com/post/2978020810/philip-galle-attributed-to-holland-haarlem, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46720063

Bellona on the badge of the Volunteer Training Corps in World War I By Central association volunteer training corps - The official regulations for volunteer training corps and for county volunteer organisations (England and Wales) 1916, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22607930

Allegorical depiction of the Four Seasons (Horae) and smaller attendant figures that flank a Roman double-doorway By User:Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (2011), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26059623

Terminus is often pictured as a bust on a boundary stone By Hans Holbein the Younger - Christian Müller; Stephan Kemperdick; Maryan Ainsworth; et al, Hans Holbein the Younger: The Basel Years, 1515–1532, Munich: Prestel, 2006, ISBN 9783791335803., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6496203

The suovetaurilia was an ancient Roman sacrifice in which a pig, a sheep, and a bull were sacrificed By Marie-Lan Nguyen (January 2005), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39364

The month of January is named after Janus By Jacobus Harrewyn - https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/P_1904-0711-3, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126424280

The temple of Janus with closed doors, on a sestertius issued under Nero in 66 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14728452

Statue representing Janus Bifrons in the Vatican Museums By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2009), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8962565

Denarius picturing Quirinus on the obverse By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4782551

On the right is the flamen Quirinalis with QVIRIN on his shield (Denarius of 126 BC) By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74684614

Romulus and his twin brother Remus By Carlo Brogi - Self-scanned, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5709773

Mithras born from the rock (c. 186 CE) By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1727392

Mithras killing the bull (c. 150 CE) By Serge Ottaviani - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25598813

A Roman tauroctony relief from Aquileia (c. 175 CE) By CristianChirita - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9615081

Mosaic (1st century CE) depicting Mithras emerging from his cave By Anonymous (Roman Empire) - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18791779

Augustan-era intaglio depicting a tauroctony By Anonymous (Greece) - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18784471

Denarius with Liber und Libera (78 CE) By Otto Nickl - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=76176464

Liber Pater and Libera Fresco By Jamie Heath - Liber Pater and Libera Fresco, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=118889241

Painting of Dionysus, by Caravaggio (1571 – 1610 CE) By Caravaggio - Uffizi, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=76612218

Concordia, standing with a patera and two cornucopiae, on the reverse of this coin of Aquilia Severa By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=380111

Gilt bronze head from a statue of Sulis Minerva from the Temple at Bath By Hchc2009 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50332923

Two of the Bath curse tablets on display at the Roman Baths (Bath) By Photograph by Mike Peel (www.mikepeel.net)., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38408771 By Photograph by Mike Peel (www.mikepeel.net)., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38408997

Pales (c. 1564 CE) By Rijksmuseum - http://hdl.handle.net/10934/RM0001.collect.99036, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85447727

The Mars of Todi, an Etruscan bronze sculpture, c. 400 BC By Jean-Pol GRANDMONT - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18381501

Marble relief of Hecate By Zde - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32707509

Diana as Huntress (1720 CE) By Bernardino Cametti - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2304612

Giulio Romano's Banquet of Amor and Psyche, which depicts Voluptas and her parents (at far right) By Giulio Romano - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1491566

Voluptas, by Danie Hopfer (c. 1500 CE) Von Daniel Hopfer - Web Gallery of Art: Abbild Info about artwork, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15395073

The doors at the Basilica of Saint Sabina By Peter1936F - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=58188414

Rome, Basilica Santa Sabina, Exterior By Dnalor 01 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 at, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32487553

Statue of Selene By Fondazione Sorgente Group , ph. Luca Fazzolari - Fondazione Sorgente Group, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39296828


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The Flavian Dynasty of the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Year of the Four Emperors (AD 69): clockwise from top left: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110581305

Titus By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=86166921

Titus's triumph after the First Jewish-Roman War By derivative work: Steerpike (talk)Arc_de_Triumph_copy.jpg: user: בית השלום - Arc_de_Triumph_copy.jpg, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4303855

Vespasianus By shakko - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3244626

Statue of Titus By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9944407

The treasures of Jerusalem taken by the Romans (detail from the Arch of Titus) By Dnalor 01 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32425849# Vesuvius erupting, photo from Brooklyn Museum Archives By William Henry Goodyear - Brooklyn Museum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31085722

Fire in Rome by Hubert Robert (1785) By Hubert Robert - http://www.kunst-fuer-alle.de/index.php?mid=77&lid=1&blink=76&stext=caesar&cmstitle=Bilder,-Kunstdrucke,-Poster:-Caesar&start=80, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6606073

Agricola among Roman generals and emperors in this frieze from the Great Hall of the National Galleries Scotland by William Brassey Hole 1897 CE By William Brassey Hole - https://www.nationalgalleries.org/art-and-artists/159703/processional-frieze-great-hall-scottish-national-portrait-gallery, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83366625

The Genius of Domitian, with aegis and cornucopia, found near the Via Labicana, Esquiline By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1222987

Bust of Domitian By Castro Pretorio - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=132213929

The Triumph of Titus by Lawrence Alma-Tadema, Oil on canvas, 1885 CE By Lawrence Alma-Tadema - http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=108, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2334600

Remains of the Basilica of Neptune immediately to the south of the Pantheon By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Remains of the Basilica of Neptune immediately to the south of the Pantheon, built by Agrippa in 25 AD and destroyed by fire in 80 AD, reconstructed by Hadrian, Rome, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75294650

A denarius of Domitian By Rasiel Suarez - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15338865

Upon the death of Domitian, Nerva was proclaimed Emperor by the Senate By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1237011

Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, Heraklion Archaeological Museum By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65041798

Nerva By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9945502

Portrait bust of Vespasian By Livioandronico2013 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38936304

Vespasian sestertius, struck in 71 CE to celebrate the victory in the first Jewish-Roman war By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2264120

Vitellius dragged through the streets of Rome, Georges Rochegrosse (1883 CE) By Georges Rochegrosse - https://www.flickr.com/photos/hauksven/6856196622/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27552095

Terracotta bust by Marc Arcis By Didier Descouens - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64502861 Cicero Denounces Catiline Macari, C. (2016, February 02). Cicero Denounces Catiline. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4532/cicero-denounces-catiline/

Domitian (Facial Reconstruction) Voshart, D. (2020, October 22). Domitian (Facial Reconstruction). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12989/domitian-facial-reconstruction/

Pictish Warrior with Drinking Horn Traynor, K. (2014, December 14). Pictish Warrior with Drinking Horn. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3340/pictish-warrior-with-drinking-horn/

The rock sculpture of Decebalus By This image was made by Sadko.Please credit this with: "Sadko, Wikipedia" in the immediate vicinity of the image.A message or email to me would be appreciated as well.If you would like special permission to use, license, or purchase the image please contact me Sadko to negotiate terms. - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80470336

Bust of Vespasian, c. 80 CE By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30947742


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Marcus Aurelius Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

By Published by Guillaume Rouille (1518?-1589)ColdEel - "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum", CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25978182

Stature with simple cloak from ca. 180-200 CE By Daderot - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23365560

Portrait of Herodes Atticus By Alphanidon (19 February 2010), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9516721

Photorealistic reconstruction of the Roman emperor Commodus Voshart, D. (2020, October 23). Commodus (Facial Reconstruction). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12999/commodus-facial-reconstruction/

Antoninus Pius Von Künstler/-in unbekannt - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46590553

Hadrian By Djehouty - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85310985

Marble bust of the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius (Circa 140 CE) By Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=108930994

Marble statue of Faustina the Younger (165 CE) By Jean-Pol GRANDMONT - Own work, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85394708

First page of the 1811 English translation by By Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, R. Graves - Private Collection of S. Whitehead, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8742731

Lucius Verus (Facial Reconstruction) Voshart, D. (2020, October 23). Lucius Verus (Facial Reconstruction). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12997/lucius-verus-facial-reconstruction/

Portrait Niccolò Machiavelli, by Santi di Tito, c. 1550–1600 CE By Santi di Tito - Own work, 25 November 2019, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84353395

Ruins of the ancient city of Aquincum, in modern Hungary – one site where Marcus Aurelius worked on Meditations By Ian Pitchford at the English-language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7134831

A visualization of a Parthian cataphract Netchev, S. (2022, February 15). Parthian Cataphract. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15254/parthian-cataphract/

Aureus of Commodus By АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб» - АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб», CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68072004

The angel of death striking a door during the plague of Rome By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/70/48/4b5c28e57609137dd2009ae490f2.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/V0010664.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-04-03): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/p8gxfxrp CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36456028


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Influential Imperial Women of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Bust of Livia Drusilla By Didier Descouens - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116012203

Statue of Messalina holding her son By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85991086

Bust of Agrippina the Younger By Anonymous (Rome) - Own work (BurgererSF), CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20389789

Messalina working in a brothel: etching by Agostino Carracci, late 16th century Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=547368

Julio-Claudian Family Tree Rursus, . (2013, October 29). Julio-Claudian Family Tree. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2131/julio-claudian-family-tree/

Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire Netchev, S. (2022, May 27). Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15948/julio-claudian-dynasty-of-the-roman-empire/

Sculpture of Livia in Egyptian basanite, c. 31 BC By Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2007, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1755905

Statue of Tacitus By Pe-Jo - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8806766

Sardonyx cameo of Livia with the bust of the Divus Augustus (Vienna) By CristianChirita - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9615950

Drusus Julius Caesar By Daniel Martin - Photothèque du Musée Saint-Raymond, musée d'Archéologie de Toulouse, Licence Ouverte, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=104602129

Tiberius Caesar Augustus By Didier Descouens - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116030485

Livia and her son Tiberius, 14–19 CE By Miguel Hermoso Cuesta - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37279743

Roman Empire: Gaius Caligula. 37-41 AD. Æ Sestertius (26.83 g, 7h). Rome mint. Struck 37-38 AD By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29068141

Bust of Octavia By https://clevelandart.org/art/1925.943, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=76005159

Bust of Emperor Claudius By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23198004

Head of Nero By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1814923

Roman male portrait bust of Marcus Antonius. By Bust: unknown ancient Roman artist of the 1st century AD; photo: unknown photographer. - [1], CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116448097#

Augustus of Prima Porta By Joel Bellviure - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=129823838

"Gaius Sillius and Messalina" by Nikolaus Knüpfer (c. 1650 CE) By Nikolaus Knüpfer - www.rijksmuseum.nl : Home : Info : Pic; alternate version Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3007106

Narcissus, fresco from Pompeii By Unknown author - http://almacendeclasicas.blogspot.com/2015/05/pompeya-la-casa-de-marco-lucrecio.html, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112691977

The Death Of Valeria Messalina By Victor Francois Eloi Biennoury - https://ru.pinterest.com/pin/533465518337675601/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51516689

Claudius with Agrippina the Younger By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29719072

Nero and Agrippina Raddato, C. (2019, January 24). Nero and Agrippina. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/9911/nero-and-agrippina/

Nero & Agrippina Von Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3339192

The shipwreck of Agrippina, by Gustav Wertheimer (1847–1902 CE) By Gustav Wertheimer - Heritage Auctions, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19925424

Julius Caesar By Rosemania - https://www.flickr.com/photos/rosemania/5371830337, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12833457

Julia Livilla By Laténium - Laténium, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12306448

Peder Severin Krøyer, Messalina, 1881 CE By Göteborgs konstmuseum (Gothenburg Museum of Art). Photo: Hossein Sehatlou, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112976326

17th century illustration of Dio By Unknown author - https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/d/dion_casio.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=114317092

Cicero, author of the classic book The Laws, attacks Catiline for attempting a coup in the Roman Senate. By Cesare Maccari - Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/p/CqyHFMWqTg5/ (combined 2 parts), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=132651272


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Roman Warfare Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Roman Ballista Reconstruction Rozen, O. (2014, February 02). Roman Ballista Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2284/roman-ballista-reconstruction/

Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War and the theatre of the Punic Wars By Rome carthage 218.jpg:William Robert Shepherd(1871–1934)Alternative namesWilliam R. Shepherd; William ShepherdDescriptionAmerican cartographer and historianDate of birth/death12 June 18717 June 1934Location of birth/deathCharlestonBerlinWork locationNew York CityAuthority file: Q8017647VIAF: 100210280ISNI: 0000 0001 2103 3838LCCN: n85234631NLA: 35776491Open Library: OL163043AWorldCatMap of Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War.svg: Grandiose (talk · contribs) - Own workModified version of:Map of Rome and Carthage at the start of the Second Punic War.svg, itself a derived version of Rome carthage 218.jpg, a map appearing in:Shepherd, William R. (1923) "Rome and Carthage at the Beginning of the Second Punic War, 218 B.C." in Historical Atlas, Category:New York: Henry Holt and Company, p. 32 OCLC: 1980660.Modifications in this version based upon:Moore, R. L. (1981) The Hamlyn Historical Atlas, London, p. 22 ISBN: 0-600-30361-6., CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=127674843

Roman Cavalryman Reconstruction book, w. U. S. (2014, May 14). Roman Cavalryman Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2634/roman-cavalryman-reconstruction/

Roman Army Reenactment Splinter, H. (2013, March 19). Roman Army Reenactment. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1118/roman-army-reenactment/

Parthian Cataphract Netchev, S. (2022, February 15). Parthian Cataphract. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15254/parthian-cataphract/

The Battle of Actium, by Laureys a Castro, painted 1672 By Laureys a Castro - http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/11743.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3525889

Roman cavalry reenactment By � Codrin.B / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27862146

A late 1st-century CE Roman legion By Brandmeister - Own work (based upon Peter Connolly, Greece and Rome At War, p. 209-210), CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23270540

Territorial Expansion of the Roman Republic (c. 260 - 30 BCE) Netchev, S. (2022, December 05). Territorial Expansion of the Roman Republic (c. 260 - 30 BCE). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16762/territorial-expansion-of-the-roman-republic-c-260/

Augustus of Prima Porta Niermann, A. W. (. n. v. b. T. (2012, April 26). Augustus of Prima Porta. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/97/augustus-of-prima-porta/

Roman auxiliary infantry crossing a river By CristianChirita - Photo by CristianChirita, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=819821

Roman Warship Relief Miate, L. (2017, September 06). Roman Warship Relief. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7232/roman-warship-relief/

Trireme Hull with Bronze Ram Manske, M. (2013, May 05). Trireme Hull with Bronze Ram. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1184/trireme-hull-with-bronze-ram/

By Élisée Reclus - Extrait de "L’Homme et la Terre", Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25256006

19th-century interpretation of the quinquereme's oaring system, with five levels of oars. By Originally from the German Wikipedia - Baumeister: Denkmäler des klassischen Altertums 1888, Volume III, page 1611, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6496475

Plan of the battle by Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville, Paris, 1734 CE By Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville - François Catrou & Pierre-Julien Rouillé, Histoire romaine. Octavien-César, Marc-Antoine et Lépide, empereurs sous le nom de triumvirs, avec des notes historiques, géographiques et critiques, ..., Paris, 1734, vol. 18, p. 676., CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=99476501

A depiction of the Maniple Formation By Cristiano64 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45852195

This marble relief shows a small Roman coastal vessel with two masts, found at Carthage Crabben, J. v. d. (2014, December 13). Corbita Sailing. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3313/corbita-sailing/

The Second Punic War (218 - 201 BCE) Netchev, S. (2022, May 31). The Second Punic War (218 - 201 BCE). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15973/the-second-punic-war-218---201-bce/

A historical reenactor in Roman centurion costume By I, Luc Viatour, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2844461


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Roman Britain Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Landing of the Romans on the Coast of Kent - from Cassell's History of England, Vol. I - anonymous author and artists By Anonymous - http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/48451, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38968966

Sixteenth century perception of the first "English people" in times of the war against Julius Caesar, illustrated around 1550 CE By , Lucas, 1534-1584 (viaf)47561729 - Universiteitsbibliotheek UGent, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=93502889

Marble bust of Caligula By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=132122243

Landing of Julius Caesar By John Cassell - Internet Archive, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22704563

Head of Nero By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1814923

Boadicea and Her Daughters - Boudica statue, London By Paul Walter - Boudica statue, Westminster, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54793030

Painting of Boadicea Haranguing The Britons by John Opie, R.A. (1761-1807 CE) By John Opie - Easy Art. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6029871

Statue of Gaius Suetonius Paulinus on the terrace of the Roman Baths (Bath) By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16662959

Statue of general Gnaeus Julius Agricola, governor of Brittannia, on the terrace of the Roman Baths (Bath) By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16659738

Agricola among Roman generals and emperors By William Brassey Hole - https://www.nationalgalleries.org/art-and-artists/159703/processional-frieze-great-hall-scottish-national-portrait-gallery, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83366625

Saint Columba converting King Brude of the Picts to Christianity By William Hole - Mural painting in the Scottish National Portrait Gallery, photographed by uploader, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32599458

Model of London under Roman rule in 85-90 CE By Steven G. Johnson - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11327092

Antonine Wall electropod, . (2013, January 14). Antonine Wall. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1024/antonine-wall/

Coin featuring Postumus By NumisCorner - NumisCorner, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=122286724

Another aureus of Aurelian By АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб» - АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб», CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68080838

Aureus of Diocletian By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116362847

Carausius. 286-293 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=348487

Constantius Chlorus By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=86235336

Statue of Constantin the Great By Merulana - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126701466

Burgh Castle in Norfolk, seen from the air By John D. Fielding - https://www.flickr.com/photos/john_fielding/16572847292, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65024327

Model depicting a battle between barbarians and Romans By Thomas Quine - Barbarians vs Romans, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51708210

Depiction of Gaius addressing the concilium plebis By Silvestre David Mirys - Figures de l'histoire de la république romaine accompagnées d'un précis historique Plate 127., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31388121

Full scale replica of a Roman military troop transporter ship (navis lusoria) By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Full scale replica of a Roman military troop transporter ship (navis lusoria) from Mainz (Type Mainz A), Museum für Antike Schiffahrt, Mainz, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65155973

Busts of Septimius Severus By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1959071

Legio XXI Rapax Soldiers Przywecki, T. (2021, September 28). Legio XXI Rapax Soldiers. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14658/legio-xxi-rapax-soldiers/

Bust of Augustus Ceasar By Rosemania - https://www.flickr.com/photos/rosemania/5371830337, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12833457


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Ten Myths About Juneteenth Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law, June 17, 2021 By The White House - P20210608CW-1394, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=106962075

Original handwritten record of General Order No. 3 By US Army - https://www.archives.gov/news/articles/juneteenth-original-document, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91349489

Slave trader's business in Atlanta, Georgia, 1864 By George N. Barnard - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpb.03351.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=828936

1864 reproduction of the Emancipation Proclamation from the Library of Congress By Engraving by W. Roberts, restoration by Bammesk - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID pga.04067.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87832446

The five-page original document, held in the National Archives Building By Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 - http://www.wdl.org/media/2714/service/thumbnail/6000x6000/1/1.jpgGallery: http://www.wdl.org/en/item/2714/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31578413

A photograph of two children who likely, were recently emancipated – circa 1870 By Unknown. Some believe it was created by the photography studio of Mathew Brady, a famous 19th-century photographer, and taken by one of Brady's apprentices - Timothy O'Sullivan. Others say it is by J. N. Wilson, as the stereogram in the New York Public Library is marked. - AP Photo/Courtesy of Keya Morgan, LincolnImages.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10654654

Gordon Granger, photo taken during American Civil War By Mathew Benjamin Brady - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpbh.03170.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1355399

Winslow Homer 1876 – "A Visit from the Old Mistress" depicts a tense meeting between a group of newly freed slaves and their former slaveholder By Winslow Homer - This file was provided to Wikimedia Commons by the Smithsonian American Art Museum as part of a cooperation project., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23932927

Lincoln in his late 30s as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Photo taken by one of Lincoln's law students around 1846. By Attributed to Nicholas H. Shepherd, based on the recollections of Gibson W. Harris, a law student in Lincoln's office from 1845 to 1847. - Library of Congress, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25071089

Lincoln in February 1865, two months before his death By Alexander Gardner - Library of Congress, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25238743

General Order No. 3, June 19, 1865 By General Graham Granger, b 1821, d 1876 - https://www.onthisday.com/photos/juneteenth, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91347553

Ashton Villa By Jim Evans - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19883099

Group of African Americans waiting for midnight on New Year's Eve 1862 By Unknown author - https://cdn.britannica.com/92/213392-050-960FC1CA/Carte-de-visite-Watch-Meeting-December-31-1862-Wating-for-the-Hour-African-Americans-Emancipation-Proclamation.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=100909372

Women's suffragists parade in New York City in 1917, carrying placards with the signatures of more than a million women By Unknown author - The New York Times photo archive, via their online store, here, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2948583

Henry Louis Stephens (c. 1863) untitled watercolor of a black man reading a newspaper with headline "Presidential Proclamation/Slavery" By Henry Louis Stephens (1824–1882) - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cph.3g02442.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5336802

Slave sale, Charleston, 1856 By unknown (after Eyre Crowe) - British Museum [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14649480

Freed slaves on J. J. Smith's cotton plantation on the Sea Islands near Beaufort, South Carolina, photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan standing before their quarters in 1862 By Timothy H. O'Sullivan - KwEsI448voy25Q at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21992734

A company of 4th United States Colored Troops By Unknown author - http://www.toptenthailand.com/topten/detail/20131119114815858, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34022052 Band performing in Texas for Emancipation Day, 1900 By Mrs. Charles Stephenson (Grace Murray) - The Portal to Texas History, University of North Texas Libraries, [texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth124054/m1/1/?q=emancipation], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54003542

Anaconda Plan, Civil War By J.B. Elliott - The Library of Congress/American Memory (Digital ID: g3701s cw0011000) [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=984400

A 12-year-old Western Union messenger boy in Tampa, Florida, 1911 By Lewis Hine - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID nclc.03557.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5955908

Navy Yard, Norfolk Va By Gardner, James, Photographer (NARA record: 2904846) - U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16101225

Fort Delaware, painted circa 1870 by Seth Eastman By Seth Eastman - https://www.senate.gov/art-artifacts/fine-art/paintings/33_00012.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1645371#

Emancipated Slaves Brought from Louisiana by Colonel George H. Banks By Creator:Myron H. Kimball - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60494356

The Beach Hotel catered to vacationers until a fire in 1898 By Unknown author - Scanned from, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=724473

Officers of the 3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment, Washington, D.C. (1865) By Unknown photographer - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpb.01342.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50732609

Simon Legree and Uncle Tom: a scene from Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), an influential abolitionist novel By From a magic lantern series of about 1885 of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Via page 29, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1976095

1876 cartoon illustrating opposition to black suffrage By Frost - https://web.archive.org/web/20150808014910/http://dcc.newberry.org/system/artifacts/679/original/Harpers-Weekly-Of-Course-He-Wants-to_Vote-p-848.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42169150

A former slave holding a horn with which slaves were called, colorized photograph By Julius Jääskeläinen - A former slave holding a horn with which slaves were called. Near Marshall, Texas, USA 1939., CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91532384


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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


Ten Myths About Juneteenth Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law, June 17, 2021 By The White House - P20210608CW-1394, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=106962075

Original handwritten record of General Order No. 3 By US Army - https://www.archives.gov/news/articles/juneteenth-original-document, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91349489

Slave trader's business in Atlanta, Georgia, 1864 By George N. Barnard - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpb.03351.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=828936

1864 reproduction of the Emancipation Proclamation from the Library of Congress By Engraving by W. Roberts, restoration by Bammesk - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID pga.04067.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87832446

The five-page original document, held in the National Archives Building By Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 - http://www.wdl.org/media/2714/service/thumbnail/6000x6000/1/1.jpgGallery: http://www.wdl.org/en/item/2714/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31578413

A photograph of two children who likely, were recently emancipated – circa 1870 By Unknown. Some believe it was created by the photography studio of Mathew Brady, a famous 19th-century photographer, and taken by one of Brady's apprentices - Timothy O'Sullivan. Others say it is by J. N. Wilson, as the stereogram in the New York Public Library is marked. - AP Photo/Courtesy of Keya Morgan, LincolnImages.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10654654

Gordon Granger, photo taken during American Civil War By Mathew Benjamin Brady - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpbh.03170.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1355399

Winslow Homer 1876 – "A Visit from the Old Mistress" depicts a tense meeting between a group of newly freed slaves and their former slaveholder By Winslow Homer - This file was provided to Wikimedia Commons by the Smithsonian American Art Museum as part of a cooperation project., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23932927

Lincoln in his late 30s as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Photo taken by one of Lincoln's law students around 1846. By Attributed to Nicholas H. Shepherd, based on the recollections of Gibson W. Harris, a law student in Lincoln's office from 1845 to 1847. - Library of Congress, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25071089

Lincoln in February 1865, two months before his death By Alexander Gardner - Library of Congress, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25238743

General Order No. 3, June 19, 1865 By General Graham Granger, b 1821, d 1876 - https://www.onthisday.com/photos/juneteenth, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91347553

Ashton Villa By Jim Evans - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19883099

Group of African Americans waiting for midnight on New Year's Eve 1862 By Unknown author - https://cdn.britannica.com/92/213392-050-960FC1CA/Carte-de-visite-Watch-Meeting-December-31-1862-Wating-for-the-Hour-African-Americans-Emancipation-Proclamation.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=100909372

Women's suffragists parade in New York City in 1917, carrying placards with the signatures of more than a million women By Unknown author - The New York Times photo archive, via their online store, here, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2948583

Henry Louis Stephens (c. 1863) untitled watercolor of a black man reading a newspaper with headline "Presidential Proclamation/Slavery" By Henry Louis Stephens (1824–1882) - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cph.3g02442.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5336802

Slave sale, Charleston, 1856 By unknown (after Eyre Crowe) - British Museum [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14649480

Freed slaves on J. J. Smith's cotton plantation on the Sea Islands near Beaufort, South Carolina, photographed by Timothy O'Sullivan standing before their quarters in 1862 By Timothy H. O'Sullivan - KwEsI448voy25Q at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21992734

A company of 4th United States Colored Troops By Unknown author - http://www.toptenthailand.com/topten/detail/20131119114815858, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34022052 Band performing in Texas for Emancipation Day, 1900 By Mrs. Charles Stephenson (Grace Murray) - The Portal to Texas History, University of North Texas Libraries, [texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth124054/m1/1/?q=emancipation], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54003542

Anaconda Plan, Civil War By J.B. Elliott - The Library of Congress/American Memory (Digital ID: g3701s cw0011000) [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=984400

A 12-year-old Western Union messenger boy in Tampa, Florida, 1911 By Lewis Hine - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID nclc.03557.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5955908

Navy Yard, Norfolk Va By Gardner, James, Photographer (NARA record: 2904846) - U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16101225

Fort Delaware, painted circa 1870 by Seth Eastman By Seth Eastman - https://www.senate.gov/art-artifacts/fine-art/paintings/33_00012.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1645371#

Emancipated Slaves Brought from Louisiana by Colonel George H. Banks By Creator:Myron H. Kimball - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60494356

The Beach Hotel catered to vacationers until a fire in 1898 By Unknown author - Scanned from, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=724473

Officers of the 3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery Regiment, Washington, D.C. (1865) By Unknown photographer - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs divisionunder the digital ID cwpb.01342.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50732609

Simon Legree and Uncle Tom: a scene from Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), an influential abolitionist novel By From a magic lantern series of about 1885 of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Via page 29, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1976095

1876 cartoon illustrating opposition to black suffrage By Frost - https://web.archive.org/web/20150808014910/http://dcc.newberry.org/system/artifacts/679/original/Harpers-Weekly-Of-Course-He-Wants-to_Vote-p-848.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42169150

A former slave holding a horn with which slaves were called, colorized photograph By Julius Jääskeläinen - A former slave holding a horn with which slaves were called. Near Marshall, Texas, USA 1939., CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91532384


LINK TO LICENSES

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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


Roman Literature Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Lucius Livius Andronicus By WolfgangRieger - Marisa Ranieri Panetta (ed.): Pompeji. Geschichte, Kunst und Leben in der versunkenen Stadt. Belser, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-7630-2266-X, p. 344f, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6221453

Odes of Horace. Illuminated by William Morris c. 1873 CE from the Collected Works of William Morris Vol. XI. Maryland, D. C. a. t. U. o. (2017, September 25). Odes of Horace. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/7333/odes-of-horace/

15th-century manuscript of Book I written by scribe John Rhosos (British Museum) By File:Odyssey_manuscript.jpg photoshoped by Odysses - File:Odyssey_manuscript.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46651771

Double herm with the portrait of the Roman poets Virgil or Ennius By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4487970

A portrait illustration of the Roman Comedy writer Plautus, active in the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE. Artist, U. (2015, December 31). Plautus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/4373/plautus/

Terence, 9th-century illustration By Unknown author - File:Vaticana, Vat. lat. 3868 (2r).jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18960421

The Comedy Amphitruo by Plautus in the Florence Manuscript Von Plautus - 2d copy, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47230459

Roman Mosaic depicting theatrical masks of Tragedy and Comedy, 2nd century CE, from Rome. (Palazzo Nuovo, Capitoline Museums) Raddato, C. (2014, February 28). Theatre Masks, Roman Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2329/theatre-masks-roman-mosaic/

Verses 85-137 of Mostellaria (1615 CE) By Plautus - 2d copy, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48485430

Copper engraving of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout (1623 CE) By Martin Droeshout - Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University [2], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10730498

First-century CE bust of Cicero By José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53959809

A line of Virgil's Aeneid, repeated 7 times; probably a writing exercise (1st century CE) By Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=105001397

Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century CE By Joel Bellviure - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=129823838

Bust of Virgil By Armando Mancini - Flickr: Parco della Grotta di PosillipoCrop of File:Parco_della_Grotta_di_Posillipo5.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21845489

Horace, as imagined by Anton von Werner (1843 – 1915 CE) By Anton von Werner - Scan by User:Gabor from the book Bibliothek des allgemeinen und praktischen Wissens. Bd. 5 (1905), Abriß der Weltliteratur, Seite 51., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52353

Latin poet Ovid By Auréola - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7654436

Engraved frontispiece of George Sandys's 1632 London edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses Englished Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120560

Fictional portrait of Lucian by William Faithorne (1616 – 1691 CE) By William Faithorne - http://x38.xanga.com/022f372171433238557142/b188638311.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6578059

Illustration from 1894 by William Strang depicting a battle scene from Book One of Lucian of Samosata's A True Story By William Strang - https://archive.org/details/lucianstruehisto00luciiala, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26114543

Marble terminal bust of Homer. Roman copy of a lost Hellenistic original of the 2nd c. BC. By Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.. Original uploader was JW1805 at en.wikipedia, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2171360

Title page of a 1619 Latin translation of Lucian's complete works By Unknown author - Private collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66333153

From a German edition – 1531 CE By Cicero (author) - Houghton Library, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35585691

The City of God , opening text, manuscript (c. 1470 CE) Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=312751 Cover of a translation into English of The Journey of Egeria type published in 1919 CE By Original uploader was Lansbricae at gl.wikipedia - http://www.ccel.org/m/mcclure/etheria/etheria.htmOriginally from gl.wikipedia; description page is/was here., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2312108

Faltonia Proba teaching the history of the world since the Creation through her Cento Vergilianus de laudibus Christi By Robinet Testard - it.wiki, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2788051

Roman mosaic from Dougga, Tunisia (2nd century CE) showing two slaves carrying wine jars By Pascal Radigue - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4966082

Fresco of Bacchus and Agathodaemon with Mount Vesuvius, as seen in Pompeii's House of the Centenary By WolfgangRieger - Marisa Ranieri Panetta (ed.): Pompeji. Geschichte, Kunst und Leben in der versunkenen Stadt. Belser, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-7630-2266-X, p. 111, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6206088

A modern illustration of the Satyricon By Georges-Antoine Rochegrosse (1859-1938) - Bibliothèque gay, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15679001

Encolpius, illustration by Norman Lindsay (1879 – 1969 CE) By Norman Lindsay - http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/5/2/2/5225/5225-h/5225-h.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15625498

Detail from possibly contemporary mosaic (c. 380–500 CE) of Ambrose in the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=101915195

Frontispiece and title of the Sixto-Clementine Vulgate (1592 CE) By Aldus Manutius the Younger - https://www.smu.edu/Bridwell/SpecialCollectionsandArchives/Exhibitions/Luther/CounterReformation/BRA2387, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=82142844

Horace reads his poems in front of Maecenas, by Fyodor Bronnikov (1827 CE) By Fyodor Bronnikov - http://artpoisk.info/artist/bronnikov_fedor_andreevich_1827/goraciy_chitaet_svoi_satiry_mecenatu/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9882272

Fragment of P. Oxy. 668 CE, with Epitome of Livy XLVII–XLVIII By Unknown author - http://www.psi-online.it/documents/psi;12;1291, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40803573


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The Famous Baths of the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Arch of Roman emperor Lucius Septimius Severus in Leptis Magna By Luca Galuzzi, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2147305

Cross-section of the Baths of Diocletian, rendering by French architect Edmond Paulin, 1880 CE By Edmond Jean-Baptiste Paulin (10 September 1848 - 27 November 1915) - https://michaelgimberblog.com/2016/05/27/i-found-a-city-of-bricks-and-left-a-city-of-marble/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26276905

Reconstruction drawing By Lruiz094 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=96986360

Selection of ancient art and glass mosaics at Caracalla By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30531019 By 2nd century CE Roman artist; photo by Fabio Caricchia - https://www.cnn.com/style/article/rome-ancient-bath-fresco-caracalla-scli-intl/index.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120016035 By 2nd century CE Roman artist; photo by Fabio Caricchia - https://www.cnn.com/style/article/rome-ancient-bath-fresco-caracalla-scli-intl/index.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120016036 By 2nd century CE Roman artist; photo by Fabio Caricchia - https://www.cnn.com/style/article/rome-ancient-bath-fresco-caracalla-scli-intl/index.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120016034 By T. Thielemans, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53871871 CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=347660 By Harmonia Amanda - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6356247

Terme stabiane, frigidarium By Sailko - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51121400

Caldarium CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1278700

Roof fragment of the roman bath in Bath, UK By Heinz-Josef Lücking, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33119302

Hypocaust under the floor in a Roman villa in Vieux-la-Romaine, near Caen, France By Pascal RADIGUE - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90005281

Ruins of the hypocaust under the floor of a Roman villa By Valdavia - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14334022

Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro - Digital Reconstruction Supplies, Q. (2022, October 19). Great Bath of Mohenjo-Daro - Digital Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16496/great-bath-of-mohenjo-daro---digital-reconstructio/

Roman Baths of Odessos - Digital Reconstruction Supplies, Q. (2022, October 12). Roman Baths of Odessos - Digital Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16497/roman-baths-of-odessos---digital-reconstruction/

Roman Baths in Bath, England - Digital Reconstruction Supplies, Q. (2022, October 19). Roman Baths in Bath, England - Digital Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16498/roman-baths-in-bath-england---digital-reconstructi/

Denarius of Octavian and Mark Antony, struck at Ephesus in 41 BC By Byzantium565 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112623925

Bust of Hadrian (ca. 130 CE) By Djehouty - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85310985


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The Year of the Four Emperors Explained Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Year of the Four Emperors (AD 69): clockwise from top left: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian. By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110581305

Bust of Nero By Richard Mortel from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia - Nero, ca. 64-68, National Gallery, Oslo, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69755974

Bust of Roman emperor Galba By Richard Mortel from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia - This file has been extracted from another file, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113466744

Portrait of Otho By Fred Romero from Paris, France - Paris - Musée du Louvre, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113466842

Ancient bust of Vitellius By M.Rais - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11933182

Forged denarius of Vindex, minted in 68 CE, around the time of his rebellion By The Portable Antiquities Scheme/ The Trustees of the British Museum, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55342272

Bust of Nero By cjh1452000 - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6983878

Obverse portrait of Galba, Reverse: Victory standing on globe left, holding wreath and palm branch By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2196554

A Praetorian soldier armed with standard Roman weapon in 2nd century CE By Albert Krantz - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4311695

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus, adopted son of Galba By Unknown author - https://archive.org/stream/imaginesillvstri00fulv/imaginesillvstri00fulv#page/52/mode/1up, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92686742

A marble head of Roman statesman and general Marcus Licinius Crassus Raddato, C. (2014, August 19). Marcus Licinius Crassus, Louvre. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2930/marcus-licinius-crassus-louvre/

Vitellius dragged through the streets of Rome, by Georges Rochegrosse (1883 CE) By Georges Rochegrosse - https://www.flickr.com/photos/hauksven/6856196622/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27552095

Denarii of Vitellius, with a portrait of his father Lucius Vitellius By The Trustees of the British Museum - https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/C_R-10249, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=109986773

Denarii of Vitellius, with his son and daughter By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=109986634

Aureus of Vitellius By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110034579 By АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб» - АНО «Международный нумизматический клуб», CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68042110

Portrait bust of Vespasian wearing the civic crown By Livioandronico2013 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38936304

Marcus Antonius Primus By Didier Descouens - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64502861

Map of the Roman Empire during 69 CE By User:Steerpike - Modified version of Image:Baleares SPQR.png, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3268261

Portrait bust of Vespasian, 69–79 CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Vespasian, from Ostia, 69-79 CE, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37882032


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How the Ancient Roman Government Worked Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Romulus and Remus - Medallion at the base of the façade (1850-1925 CE) By Carlo Brogi - Self-scanned, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5709773

The Curia Julia, as restored from 1935 to 1937 CE CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=174832

The Roman curia with guards in the anteroom; set design from 'Il Fuoco Eterno' By Mathäus Küsel - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65147766

Representation of a sitting of the Roman senate By Cesare Maccari - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80023891

Lucretia, painitn by Rembrandt (1666 CE) By Rembrandt - Painting in the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52004076

Publication of the Twelve Tables in Rome By Drawing by Silvestre David Mirys (1742-1810). Engraved by Claude-Nicolas Malapeau (1755-1803). - allposters.fr(N.B.: It is obvious that the author of this drawing is actually S.D. Mirys [2], although the "allposters" commerce mistakenly categorizes his works with the name of another artist, A. Mirys.), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33651157

Roman civilians examining the Twelve Tables after they were first implemented By Unknown author - staff.4j.lane.edu, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33652754

Gold coin from Dacia, depicting a consul and two lictors By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5509132

Julius Caesar Bust By Creator:Andrea di Pietro di Marco Ferrucci - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57868313

Pompey Bust By Sailko - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51319463

John Trumbull's painting, Declaration of Independence By John Trumbull - US Capitol, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=180069

George Washington, the first president of the United States By Gilbert Stuart - https://www.clarkart.edu/ArtPiece/Detail/George-Washington-(1), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=591229

Panorama of the west facade of United States Supreme Court Building at dusk in Washington, D.C., USA. By Joe Ravi, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16959908

Gaius Gracchus, tribune of the people, presiding over the Plebeian Council By Silvestre David Mirys - Figures de l'histoire de la république romaine accompagnées d'un précis historique Plate 127., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31388121

The Curiate Assembly By Walter Hutchinson - https://archive.org/details/dli.ministry.14387, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=107592715

Example of higher class Roman men By by Albert Kretschmer, painters and costumer to the Royal Court Theatre, Berlin, and Dr. Carl Rohrbach. - Costumes of All Nations (1882), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73285690

Title page of a late 16th-century edition of the Digesta, part of Emperor Justinian's Corpus Juris Civilis Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=607292

Anachronistic baroque painting of the battle of Actium by Laureys a Castro (1672 CE) By Laureys a Castro - http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/11743.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3525889

The Aerarium Saturni (top) and its ruins (bottom); drawing by Jan Goeree, before 1704 CE By Jan Goeree - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60841593

A statue depicting a Roman senator holding the imagines of deceased ancestors in his hands (late 1st century BC) By A. Hekler, Greek & Roman Portraits, New York, 1912, pl. 127a., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4179979

The Palazzo Senatorio, originally built to house the revived Senate during the Roman Commune period By Karelj - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16042313


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The Ancient Roman Emperor Hadrian Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Aureus with a portrait of Plotina By Unknown author - This file comes from Gallica Digital Library and is available under the digital ID btv1b10427451t, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80478677

Bronze statue of Nerva in the Via dei Fori Imperiali, Rome By Szilas - photo by Szilas, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36783113

Gold aureus of Trajan depicting him alongside his namesake father, 115 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14765474

Bust of Plotina, created after coin images around 112 CE Von Rabax63 - Eigenes Werk, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45082930

Statue of Hadrian By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Bronze statue of Hadrian, found at the Camp of the Sixth Roman Legion in Tel Shalem, 117–138 AD, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37878838

Hadrian in armour (c. 127–128 CE) By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2007), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1756098

Trajan wearing the civic crown and military garb such as a muscle cuirass, 2nd century CE By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10205712

Colossal portrait bust of the emperor Hadrian (c. 117–138 CE) By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9848765

Bust of Vibia Sabina (Capitoline Museums, Rome) By Dalv89 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=54287524

The Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens, completed under Emperor Hadrian in 131 CE By Jean-Pierre Dalbéra from Paris, France - L'Olympieion (Athènes), CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=75161515

Arch of Hadrian in Jerash, Transjordan By Askii - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3762572

Gateway of Hadrianus in Philae, Egypt By Olaf Tausch - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=89884798

Hadrian's Arch in central Athens, Greece By A.Savin - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27549228

Vallum of Hadrian's Wall, near Milecastle 42 (Cawfields) By Voice of Clam - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2376650

The Regions of Ancient Anatolia, ca. 500 BC Emok, . (2012, April 26). The Regions of Ancient Anatolia. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/253/the-regions-of-ancient-anatolia/

Antinous as Bacchus at the Vatican Museums By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1307633

British Museum busts of Hadrian (left) and Antinous (right) By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Marble Busts of Hadrian & Antinous, from Rome, Roman Empire, British Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45977101

Villa Hadriana By FrDr - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110078135

Temple of Amun, Karnak Jarvis, D. (2016, September 16). Temple of Amun, Karnak. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5681/temple-of-amun-karnak/

Head of Antinous found at Hadrian's Villa, dating from 130–138 CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Antinous, from Hadrian's Villa, late Hadrianic period 130-138 AD, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37882381

Antinous as Osiris By © José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62366009

Antinoöpolis: 19th century CE view of the triumphal arch By Impr. impériale - General Research Division, The New York Public Library. (1809 - 1828). Antinoë [Antinoöpolis]. Vue de l'arc de triomphe. Retrieved from https://digitalcollections.nypl.org/items/510d47e0-106c-a3d9-e040-e00a18064a99, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46290754

Ruins of the Temple of Ramses By Roland Unger, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22694830

Cartouche from the Temple of Ramses By Roland Unger, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22694822

Columns from the Temple of Ramses By Roland Unger, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22694828

Carvings and hieroglyphs from the Temple of Ramses By Roland Unger, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22694825

Bust of Antinoüs-Osiris from Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli (Louvre) By Schlaier - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18456246

Posthumous portrait of Hadrian; bronze, Roman artwork, c. 140 CE By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2007), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2381527

Coinage minted to mark Hadrian's visit to Judea By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2350786

Aelia Capitolina By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Aelia Capitolina, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37878755

Remains of Hurvat Itri, destroyed during the Bar Kokhba revolt By udi Steinwell, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19733380

Entrance to a hideout system dating from the revolt which was discovered in Hurvat Midras By udi Steinwell, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19672598

Expulsion of the Jews from Jerusalem during the reign of Hadrian. A miniature from a 15th-century manuscript By Unknown author - Project Gutenberg text 10940, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21144531

The first coin issued at the mint of Aelia Capitolina about 130/132 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5250556

Schematic reconstruction of the Arch of Hadrian in Tel Shalem, dedicated to the Emperor for defeating the Jewish revolt of 132–135 CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Reconstruction drawing of the triumphal arch dedicated to Hadrian near the camp of the Sixth Legion at Tel Shalem, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37878830

Mausoleum of Hadrian, commissioned by Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family By 0x010C - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24541042

Porphyry statue of Hadrian discovered in Caesarea, Israel By FollowingHadrian - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38441674

Bust of Antoninus Pius Von Künstler/-in unbekannt - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=46590553

Marble bust of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius By Daniel Martin - Photothèque du musée Saint-Raymond, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=97131451

Statue of Hadrian in military garb By Andrew Kuchling from Vienna, Virginia, USA - Hadrian, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5140467

Head of Nero from an oversized statue, about 2.40 m height (after 64 CE) By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1814923


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Female Gladiators of the Ancient Roman Empire Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Relief of paired fighters, Amazonia and Achillea, found at Halicarnassus. Their name-forms identify them as female By en:User:Xastic - en:Image:Gladiatrix relief.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4440216

Cenotaph of the Centurion Marcus Caelius, of the 18th legion, flanked by his two freedmen By Agnete - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7649833

Ludus Magnus in Rome By Jastrow - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1327265

Helmet of a murmillo 2nd century CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Helmet of a murmillo ( a type of gladiator during the Roman Imperial age), 2nd century AD, Neues Museum, BerlinUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30157822

Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic Raddato, C. (2014, November 26). Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3273/retiarius-gladiator-mosaic/

Samnite soldier statue By Torquatus - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34122494 Statue of Tacitus outside the Austrian Parliament Building By Pe-Jo - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8806766

Detail from the Gladiator Mosaic (ca. 320 CE): the Ø symbol marks a gladiator killed in combat By Colosseo, Foro Romano e Palatino - https://www.storiavivaviaggi.it/wp-content/uploads/gladiatori-colosseo.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1961127

17th century illustration of Cassius Dio By Unknown author - https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/d/dion_casio.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=114317092

Septimius Severus (Facial Reconstruction) Voshart, D. (2020, October 23). Septimius Severus (Facial Reconstruction). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13002/septimius-severus-facial-reconstruction/

Mother nursing an infant in the presence of the father, detail from a young boy's sarcophagus ca. 150 CE By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2009), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8911091

Mosaic showing Roman women in various recreational activities By M. Disdero - M. Disdero, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=875379

The most commonly used coin denominations and their relative sizes during Roman times By Rasiel Suarez - [1], uploaded by Rasiel Suarez, GFDL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18726967

Heracles and Omphale, Roman fresco By Stefano Bolognini - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3572377

Bust of a Roman girl, early 3rd century CE By I, Sailko, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3128983


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Ten Fun Facts About Ancient Rome that you Need to Know! Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

Roman Citizen Voting Cartwright, M. (2016, November 23). Roman Citizen Voting. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6075/roman-citizen-voting/

Bust of Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Octavius By Rosemania - https://www.flickr.com/photos/rosemania/5371830337, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12833457

Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE Crabben, J. v. d. (2020, January 30). Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11818/western--eastern-roman-empire-395-ce/

Julius Caesar Reconstruction Constantinou, P. (2021, March 13). Julius Caesar Reconstruction. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13575/julius-caesar-reconstruction/

Bronze sculpture of Julius Caesar in Rimini, Italy. 1933 CE Jansoone, G. (2014, July 01). Julius Caesar. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2737/julius-caesar/

Gaius Julius Caesar, Art History Museum, Vienna, Austria By Andrew Bossi - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30142561

Gold glass portrait of husband and wife By Unknown author - http://www.personal.kent.edu/~jlarson/romanachievement/week15.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45419592

Augustus, possibly the most famous example of adoption in Ancient Rome By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15490735

Mosaic of a young boy, 3rd century CE By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16480834

Roman Statue of a girl playing astragaloi By No machine-readable author provided. MatthiasKabel assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=540976

Fresco of a seated woman from Stabiae, 1st century CE By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Fresco depicting a seated woman, from the Villa Arianna at Stabiae, Naples National Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45907260

Maenad in silk dress, a valuable trade commodity in the Roman Empire By Age Fotostock, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80023597

Roman fast-food shop, Pompeii style, as reconstructed in the Montans archeosite museum, in France By Magerius - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36237529

A fresco from the thermopolium of Lucius Vetutius Placidus in the city of Pompeii By Daniele Florio from Rome, ITALY - Ancient Bar, Pompei, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2930141

Thermopolium in Pompeji By Thomas Tasior - private Fotografie im Urlaub, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22769558

Statue of Nerva By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9945502

Ruins of a garum factory in Baelo Claudia in Spain By Anual - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7521483

Garum amphorae from Pompeii By Claus Ableiter - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4719373

An insula dating from the early 2nd century CE in the Roman port town of Ostia Antica By iessi - Flickr, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1730258

Remains of the top floors of an insula near the Capitolium and the Insula dell'Ara Coeli in Rome By Chabe01 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=109642787

The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE Netchev, S. (2023, March 07). The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17154/the-roman-empire-and-the-crisis-of-the-third-centu/

Bust of Aurelian By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15683121

Laureate head of Diocletian Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26323391

Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE Crabben, J. v. d. (2020, January 30). Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11818/western--eastern-roman-empire-395-ce/


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The Crisis of the Third Century Explained Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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IMAGES:

The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE Netchev, S. (2023, March 07). The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17154/the-roman-empire-and-the-crisis-of-the-third-centu/

Portrait of Alexander Severus (222–235 CE) By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1332334

Head of Roman Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211 CE) By Unknown artist - antmoose (4 June 2005) at https://www.flickr.com/photos/antmoose/17433741/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=390233

Dynastic aureus of Septimius Severus, minted in 202 CE By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74537746

Antoninianus of Julia Mamaea Antoninianus of Julia Maesa By Rasiel at English Wikipedia & Rasiel Suarez, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20771050 By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=70158425

Portrait of Maximinus Thrax (ca. 235–238 CE) By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1332351

Gordian I Cartwright, M. (2013, September 30). Gordian I. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1448/gordian-i/

Aurelian (270-275 CE) By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=93410303

Ruins of Imperial Palace at Sirmium By mediaportal.vojvodina.gov.rs - http://www.mediaportal.vojvodina.gov.rs/d/141987-1/IMG_6323.JPG, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22094716

Bust of Aurelian By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15683121

A rock-face relief depicting the triumph of Shapur I over the Roman Emperor Valerian By Diego Delso, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52061183

Zenobia in Chains Sowlos, . (2014, September 12). Zenobia in Chains. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3014/zenobia-in-chains/

The obverse of an aureus featuring Tetricus I By АНО "Международный нумизматический клуб" - АНО "Международный нумизматический клуб", CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=68003236

Temple of Bel, Palmyra By James Gordon from Los Angeles, California, USA - Temple of Bel, Palmyra, Syria, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22445881 Laureate head of Diocletian Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26323391

Reconstruction of the Palace of the Roman Emperor Diocletian in its original appearance upon completion in 305, by Ernest Hébrard By Ernest Hébrard (recoloured by DIREKTOR) - http://www.civilization.org.uk/decline-and-fall/diocletian, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=32215172

A Trajanic temple on the island of Philae, the newly established border between the Nobatae and Blemmyes and Roman Egypt CC BY-SA 1.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49997

Diocletian and Maximian on an aureus (287 CE) By Daderot date : 2014-11-12 09:27:28 - Own work and see museum site : https://ikmk.smb.museum/object?id=18200802, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45825378

Roman soldiers on the cast of Trajan's Column By No machine-readable author provided. Gaius Cornelius assumed (based on copyright claims). - No machine-readable source provided. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims)., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=399710

Roman Legionaries Splinter, H. (2021, March 10). Roman Legionaries. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13598/roman-legionaries/

Gordian I Cartwright, M. (2013, September 30). Gordian I. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1448/gordian-i/

Denarius featuring Gordian II By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=395261

Bust of Balbinus By I, George Shuklin, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2256638

Bust of Emperor Pupienus By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1335714

Medallion with bust of Claudius Gothicus (ca. 268 CE) By Museum of Fine Arts, Boston - https://collections.mfa.org/objects/199, public domain, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92734517

Bust of Aurelian formerly identified as Claudius Gothicus By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15683121

The Sassanid Empire c. 620 CE Netchev, S. (2023, January 10). The Sassanid Empire c. 620 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16853/the-sassanid-empire-c-620-ce/

Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE Crabben, J. v. d. (2020, January 30). Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11818/western--eastern-roman-empire-395-ce/

Diocletian's walls By Erik Albers - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44553721


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Marriage in the Ancient Roman Empire Images and Attributions

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Roman couple joining hands (4th century sarcophagus) By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11157494

A depiction of two lovers at a wedding on the Aldobrandini Wedding fresco By anonymous - Art UK, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91991108

A groom encourages his demure bride while a servant looks on (wall painting, Casa della Farnesina, ca. 19 BCE) By Wolfgang Rieger - John R. Clarke: Ars Erotica. Darmstadt: Primus 2009, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10858724

Roman Marriage Ceremony (2nd century CE) Museum, T. T. o. t. B. (2020, August 28). Roman Marriage Ceremony. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12632/roman-marriage-ceremony/

A Marriage Ceremony, after an antique painting in the possession of the Aldobrandini (1610–39 CE) By Bernardino Capitelli - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=90496786

The Marriage of Peleus and Thetis (1767 CE (drawing) – ca. 120–130 CE (object)) By Johann Joachim Winckelmann - File:Plate111 from Wincklemann Monumenti antichi inediti 1767 Marriage of Peleus and Thetis from Roman sarcophagus in Villa Albani ca 350 AD.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83545925 The ritual joining of hands of husband of wife during the wedding ceremony By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17002635

The reconstructed Roman kitchen (culina), Roman Villa Borg, Germany By Following Hadrian - Flickr, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37895129

Gold glass portrait of husband and wife By Unknown author - http://www.personal.kent.edu/~jlarson/romanachievement/week15.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45419592

Sarcophagus depicting children at play By Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1291277

A Fresco (c. 60 CE) from the Roman town of Pompeii depicting Terentius Neo holding a scroll and his wife who holds a stylus and writing tablet Napoli), M. H. (. a. t. M. A. N. d. (2012, November 15). Fresco, Pompeii. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/961/fresco-pompeii/

Marble head from a portrait statue of a veiled priestess of the goddess Vesta Raddato, C. (2014, May 31). Vestal Virgin, British Museum. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/2682/vestal-virgin-british-museum/

The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus Netchev, S. (2022, March 24). The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15518/the-provinces-of-the-roman-empire-under-augustus/

Roman boys playing ball games, 2nd century CE By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2009), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8910348

Roman girls playing By Agnete - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8265167 Funeral monument of a Roman midwife By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/c8/e4/cf002b30365ee35a1d1f44d19fb8.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/M0002646.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-29): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/r2bxj37r CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36313279

Detail of a gold glass medallion with a portrait of a family, from Alexandria (Roman Egypt), 3rd–4th century By Unknown author - http://www.jasperburns.com/gasbresc.html; http://www.turismobrescia.it/en/punto-d-interesse/desiderius-cross;, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=380546

Roman couple joining hands By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11157494


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Ancient Roman Society and Social Order Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Romulus and his twin brother Remus from a 15th-century frieze By Carlo Brogi - Self-scanned, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5709773

The Abduction of the Sabines, Attributed to Theodoor van Thulden (c. 17th century) By Attributed to Theodoor van Thulden - Dorotheum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17757697

The Rape of the Sabine Women, by Ludovico, Annibale, and Agostino (c. 16th century) By Agostino Carracci - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39630605

Bronze genius depicted as pater familias (1st century) By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7946831

Sarcophagus of the Dioscures, detail depicting a marriage (4th century) By Ad Meskens - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11157494

Augustus, possibly the most famous example of adoption in Ancient Rome By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15490735

Ara Pacis showing the Imperial Family of Augustus By Sailko - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=870021

Gold glass portrait of husband and wife (3rd century) By Unknown author - http://www.personal.kent.edu/~jlarson/romanachievement/week15.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45419592

Sarcophagus depicting children at play By Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1291277

Roman bronze figure of one of the Penates. 1st-3rd century Museum, T. T. o. t. B. (2019, October 28). Penates. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11412/penates/

Fresco depicting two Lares Raddato, C. (2018, December 13). Pompeii Fresco with Lares. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/9711/pompeii-fresco-with-lares/

2nd-century BC Roman bas-relief depicting the god Saturn, in whose honor the Saturnalia was celebrated, holding a scythe By inconnu - User:Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (2011), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26196274

An Etrusco-Roman bronze sculpture depicting an Etruscan man wearing a Roman toga while engaged in rhetoric (c. 100 BC) By corneliagraco - https://www.flickr.com/photos/corneliagraco/5224254259/, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18406995

Example of higher class Roman men By by Albert Kretschmer, painters and costumer to the Royal Court Theatre, Berlin, and Dr. Carl Rohrbach. - Costumes of All Nations (1882), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73285690

Equestrian statue of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius from 176 CE By Anonymous (Italy) - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18787417

Roman mosaic from Dougga, Tunisia (2nd century CE) By Pascal Radigue - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4966082

Slave Market in Ancient Rome, by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1884 CE) By Jean-Léon Gérôme - Hermitage Torrent(.torrent with info-hash), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=296018

4th-century sarcophagus relief of Valerius Petronianus, with his slave holding writing tablets By Giovanni Dall'Orto. - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1685307

Part of the Zliten mosaic from Libya (Leptis Magna), about 2nd century CE By Unknown author - Livius.org, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3479030, about 2nd century CE

Workers hanging up clothing to dry, wall painting from a fuller's shop (fullonica) at Pompeii By WolfgangRieger - Filippo Coarelli (ed.): Pompeji. Hirmer, München 2002, ISBN 3-7774-9530-1, p. 136, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6230380


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Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

A bust of Augustus as a younger Octavian (ca. 30 BCE) By Gautier Poupeau from Paris, France - Octave, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35036733

Marble bust of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius By Daniel Martin - Photothèque du musée Saint-Raymond, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=97131451

The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus Netchev, S. (2022, March 24). The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15518/the-provinces-of-the-roman-empire-under-augustus/

Romulus & Remus Cartwright, M. (2013, October 03). Romulus & Remus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1456/romulus--remus/

Roman statuette of a war elephant recovered from Herculaneum By Jona Lendering - Naples National Archaeological Museum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=73596987

Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey By Andreas Wahra, Diagram Lajard - gimp merger of the three wikimedia commons picturesGiulio-cesare-enhanced 1-800x1450.jpg,Crassus Kopenhagen.jpg andPompeius Kopenhagen.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21409381

The assassination of Julius Caesar, by William Holmes Sullivan (c. 1888 CE) By William Holmes Sullivan (1836-1908) - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=71637120

Roman portrait bust of Marcus Antonius By Bust: unknown ancient Roman artist of the 1st century AD; photo: unknown photographer. - [1], CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116448097

Denarius (standard Roman silver coin) depicting Lepidus By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2930269

The front of the Ara Pacis Augustae By Rabax63 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64568298

The Praetorians Relief By Historien spécialiste du bassin minier du Nord-Pas-de-Calais JÄNNICK Jérémy / Wikimedia Commons & Louvre-Lens, GFDL 1.2, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23025484

Boadicea Haranguing the Britons, by John Opie's (between 1761–1807 CE) By John Opie - Easy Art. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6029871

Clockwise from top left: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110581305

Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65041798 Plus Nerva By I, Sailko, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9945502

Bust of Commodus (c. 191–192 BCE) By Romainbehar - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113092094

The Emperor Commodus Leaving the Arena at the Head of the Gladiators (detail), by Edwin Blashfield (1848–1936 CE) By Edwin Howland Blashfield - https://hermitagemuseum.wordpress.com/2011/10/14/on-commodus/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=84766891


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The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Augustus of Prima Porta (1st century BCE) By Till Niermann - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=388210

The Tusculum portrait, possibly the only surviving sculpture of Caesar made during his lifetime By Ángel M. Felicísimo from Mérida, España - Retrato de Julio César, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91281949

Fresco paintings inside the House of Augustus, his residence during his reign as emperor By Cassius Ahenobarbus - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26372292

The Battle of Actium, by Laureys a Castro (1672 CE) By Laureys a Castro - http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/11743.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3525889

The Great Cameo of France depicting emperors Augustus, Tiberius, Claudius and Nero By Unknown - Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2008-04-07, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3857019

Bust of Tiberius (between 14 and 23 BCE) By Didier Descouens - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116030485

Marble portrait bust of the emperor Gaius, known as Caligula (between 37 and 41 BCE) By PierreSelim - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22296493

Bust of Emperor Claudius (between 41 and 54 BCE) By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23198004

Head of Nero from an oversized statue By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1814923

The Fire of Rome, by Hubert Robert (1785 CE) By Hubert Robert - http://www.kunst-fuer-alle.de/index.php?mid=77&lid=1&blink=76&stext=caesar&cmstitle=Bilder,-Kunstdrucke,-Poster:-Caesar&start=80, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6606073

Year of the Four Emperors (69 BCE): clockwise from top left: Galba, Otho, Vitellius, Vespasian By T8612 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110581305

Otho By http://ancientrome.ru/art/artworken/img.htm?id=383, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1244490

Vitellius By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3552064

The Triumph of Titus, by Lawrwulfence Alma-Tadema (1885 CE) By Lawrence Alma-Tadema - http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=108, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2334600 The Flavian Amphitheatre, better known as the Colosseum By FeaturedPics - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=95579199

Relief depicting Roman soldiers carrying treasures from the Temple of Jerusalem By derivative work: Steerpike (talk)Arc_de_Triumph_copy.jpg: user: בית השלום - Arc_de_Triumph_copy.jpg, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4303855

Year of the Five (193AD) Clockwise: Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger, Clodius Albinus, and in the center: Septimius Severus By Cakelot1 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112102433

A view of Hadrian's Wall By quisnovus from Gloucester, England - Hadrian's Wall, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=101730445

First page of the 1811 English translation by Richard Graves By Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, R. Graves - Private Collection of S. Whitehead, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8742731

A map illustrating the state of affairs in the lands of the Roman Empire Netchev, S. (2023, March 07). The Roman Empire and the Crisis of the Third Century, c. 270 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17154/the-roman-empire-and-the-crisis-of-the-third-centu/

Battle of Constantine and Maxentius, by Lazzaro Baldi & Giulio Romano (c. 1650 CE) By After Giulio Romano - http://spenceralley.blogspot.com/2019/03/lazzaro-baldi-1624-1703-rome.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=81949698

Head of the Colossus of Constantine By Merulana - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126701466

The Milvian Bridge By Anthony Majanlahti from Rome, Italy - ponte milvio composite, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=395580

Gold medallion struck at Nicomedia in 336–337 BCE to celebrate the 30th anniversary of his rule By Anonymous (Roman Empire) - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18794126

Constantine's sons and successors: Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans By TcfkaPanairjdde - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5791892 By Mary Harrsch - https://www.flickr.com/photos/44124324682@N01/58193791/in/set-31666/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5715964 By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=838952

La Lupa Capitolina "the Capitoline Wolf" By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1208713

Monogramme of Christ on a plaque of a sarcophagus (4th-century BCE) By User:Jebulon - File:Chrisme_Colosseum_Rome_Italy.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=77654168

A map illustrating the gradual process of disintegration known as the Fall of the Western Roman Empire Netchev, S. (2023, April 18). The Fall of the Western Roman Empire, c. 480 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17289/the-fall-of-the-western-roman-empire-c-480-ce/

The Arch of Augustus in Rimini, dedicated to Augustus by the Roman Senate in 27 BC, one of the oldest surviving Roman triumphal arche By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Arch of Augustus at Ariminum, dedicated to the Emperor Augustus by the Roman Senate in 27 BC, the oldest Roman arch which survives, Rimini, Italy, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45906488

The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus Netchev, S. (2022, March 24). The Provinces of the Roman Empire under Augustus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15518/the-provinces-of-the-roman-empire-under-augustus/

Portrait of the Four Tetrarchs By Nino Barbieri (talk · contribs) - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1697833

Western & Eastern Roman Empire (395 CE) Crabben, J. v. d. (2020, January 30). Western & Eastern Roman Empire, 395 CE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11818/western--eastern-roman-empire-395-ce/

Julian in a solidus minted at Antioch By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116198216

Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Four of the Five Good Emperors; Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65041798

A photorealistic reconstruction of what the Roman emperor Nerva Voshart, D. (2020, October 23). Nerva (Facial Reconstruction). World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12991/nerva-facial-reconstruction/

Romulus Augustus surrenders the crown to Odoacer, illustration (1880 CE) By Yonge, Charlotte Mary, (1823-1901) - Project Gutenberg's Young Folks' History of Rome, by Charlotte Mary Yonge [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1407173


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The Overlooked Heroes of the Trojan War Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Walls of Late Bronze Age Troy By CherryX per Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21675688

A map illustrating the journey home of the Achaean warrior-king Odysseus Netchev, S. (2022, May 23). Odysseus’ Ten-year Journey Home. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/15906/odysseus-ten-year-journey-home/

Modern reconstruction of a section of the city wall, Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Modern reconstruction of a 65m long section of the city wall made of mud brick, Hattusa, the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age, Boğazkale, Turkey, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65039422

The Abduction of Helen, painting by Girolamo Genga, (circa 1510 CE) By Girolamo Genga - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26885908

Odysseus and Diomedes carry off Iphigenia by force. Antique fresco in Pompeii By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91731444

Diomedes, King of Argos – Roman copy of a statue by Kresilas from c. 430 BCE By Unknown (original by Kresilas ?) - MatthiasKabel, own work, 2005. Image renamed from Image:Diomedes glyptothek munich.jpg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1731438

Athena counseling Diomedes shortly before he enters the battle, sculpted by Albert Wolff (1853 CE) By Tilman Harte - Own work, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13957783

Nestor and his sons sacrifice to Poseidon on the beach at Pylos (Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 400–380 BCE) By © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4051752

Diomedes and Odysseus stealing Rhesus' horses (circa 360 BCE) By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1283478

A Roman mosaic presumably depicting Nestor (2nd century BCE) By Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup from Centennial, CO, USA - Getty Villa - CollectionUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30180928

Antilochus on an Attic red-figure amphora (c. 470 BC) By Tithonos Painter - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1261630

A black-figure amphora with Ajax carrying the dead Achilles By Antimenes Painter - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18846276

Ajax battling Hector, engraving by John Flaxman (1795 CE) By © Foto H.-P.Haack (H.-P.Haack) - Antiquariat Dr. Haack Leipzig, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4003495

The body of Patroclus is lifted by Menelaus and Meriones while Odysseus and others look on (2nd century BC) By Jastrow - own work, from the Iliade exhibition at the Colosseum, September 2006–February 2007, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1288096

Ajax the Lesser raping Cassandra. Tondo of an Attic red-figure cup (ca. 440-430 BC) By Kodros Painter - This file was derived from: Aias Kassandra Louvre G458.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=103810975

Briseis and Phoenix, red-figure kylix (c. 490 BC) By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-06-06, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2228794

Achilles' surrender of Briseis to Agamemnon, fresco in Pompeii By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91731089

Andromache Mourning Hector, by Jacques-Louis David (1783 CE) By Jacques-Louis David - Original uploader was Pstanton at en.wikipedia (Original text: http://web.ics.purdue.edu/~nkerns/worldlit/homer/iliadimages.html), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=19000287

Andromache in Captivity, by Frederic Leighton (c. 1886 CE) By Frederic Leighton - The original uploader was Ravenous at English Wikipedia., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3860410

Iapyx removing an arrowhead from the leg of Aeneas, antique fresco from Pompeii By Unknown author - Wall in Pompeii, digital image from Michael Lahanis, Ancient Greece website, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1357010

Aeneas carrying Anchises, black-figured oinochoe (c. 520–510 BCE) By Painter of Louvre F 118 (eponymous vase) - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-06-01, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2192513

Aeneas defeats Turnus, by Luca Giordano (1634–1705 CE) By Luca Giordano - http://imagencpd.aut.org/4DPict?file=20&rec=34.891&field=2 06/12/2008, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4204671

Hypnos and Thanatos carrying the body of Sarpedon from the battlefield of Troy (ca. 440 BC) By Thanatos Painter (eponymous vase) - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202.Permission: [1]. Image renamed from Image:Thanatos-Maler 001.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2847857

The death of Sarpedon, depicted on the obverse of Euphronios Krater (c. 515 BCE) By Jaime Ardiles-Arce (photographer). Krater by Euphronios (painter) and Euxitheos (potter). - Contact us/Photo submission, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4944469

Hector Admonishes Paris for His Softness and Exhorts Him to Go to War, by J. H. W. Tischbein (1786 CE) By Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein - Own work, James Steakley, 2001-08-06, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16878331


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The Titans and the Titanomachy Explained Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Zeus de Smyrne By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=913510

Bust of the Velletri Pallas type, copy after a votive statue of Kresilas in Athens (c. 425 BC) By Unknown (Greek original by Kresilas) - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1731943

Hades/Serapis with Cerberus, mid-2nd century AD statute from the Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods at Gortyna By Carole Raddato from Frankfurt, Germany - Detail of Pluto/Serapis, Statue group of Persephone (as Isis) and Pluto (as Serapis), from the Sanctuary of the Egyptian Gods at Gortyna, mid-2nd century AD, Heraklion Archaeological Museum, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65041819

The 12 Olympian gods of ancient Greece. Cartwright, M. (2019, September 10). The 12 Olympian Gods. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11177/the-12-olympian-gods/

Mytikas: the highest peak By Stolbovsky - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87360418

Stars in Aries constellation when connected form a figure of ram By Milind Kekre - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=92329374

Roman statue of Atlas (2nd century BCE) By Lalupa - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3155470

The Fall of the Titans by Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem (1596–1598 CE) By Cornelis van Haarlem - 2AEcYz8BknPYRg at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21996338

Cronus devouring one of his sons, by Peter Paul Rubens (17th-century) By Peter Paul Rubens - http://www.museodelprado.es/coleccion/galeria-on-line/galeria-on-line/obra/saturno-devorando-a-un-hijo-1/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1723595

Rhea giving the rock to Cronus, by Karl Friedrich Schinkel (19th-century CE) By Karl Friedrich Schinkel; 1781-1841 - http://lj.rossia.org/users/kentauris/392689.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=61820140

The Battle Between the Gods and the Titans, by Joachim Wtewael (1600 CE) By Joachim Wtewael - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15400589

"Fall of the Titans", by Jacob Jordaens (1638 CE) By Jacob Jordaens - [1][2], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31759423

Hekataion with the Charites (3rd century BCE) By Unknown artist - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1735606

Atlas and the Hesperides, by John Singer Sargent (1925 CE) By John Singer Sargent - http://www.goodart.org/blog/JohnSingerSargent-Atlasandthe%20Hesperides-BostonMOFA-1922-1925Large.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6397088

Battle of the Gods and Giants from Mount Olympus and Mount Othrys, by Jan Luyken (1649 – 1712 CE) By Jan Luyken - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the National Gallery of Art. Please see the Gallery's Open Access Policy., CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=81458665


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Achilles the Great Warrior of the Trojan War Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Recovery of Helen by Menelaus. Attic black-figure amphora, c. 550 BCE By Amasis Painter - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Helene_Menelaos_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1383.jpg, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60086350

Meeting between Paris and Helen. Antique fresco in Pompeii By Mentnafunangann - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35293905

Triumphant Achilles, by Franz von Matsch (1861-1942 CE) By Franz von Matsch - Own work by רנדום, 2011-08-27, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16324932

Dying Achilles (Achilleas thniskon) in the gardens of the Achilleion By Dr.K. - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25907139

Ajax carries off the body of Achilles, c. 510 BCE By User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2948726

Odysseus discovers Achilles hiding among the princesses of the royal court, 4th–5th centuries CE By Anonymous mosaic artist from late Roman Spain, active during the late 4th-5th centuries AD - Villa Romana La Olmeda, "Imágenes en Alta Resolucion"See also similar images at Pinterest., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=52022477

Achilles disguised as a woman and Odysseus tricking him into revealing himself By Dosseman - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=78211771

Thetis on an antique fresco in Pompeii By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=115901107

Peleus (left) entrusts his son Achilles (centre) to Centaur Chiron (right) By Marsyas - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=482853

Zeus de Smyrne By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=913510

Colossal statue of Poseidon By Luis García, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3738943

Peleus makes off with his prize bride Thetis, who has vainly assumed animal forms to escape him By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2007), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=511164

Eris on an Attic plate, c. 575–525 BC By Taken from http://hosting-24300.tributes.com/show/Eris-Martin-Loomis-93929974, where it is/was stated: "photo. Museum (I.Gesk) © Berlin Antikensammlung", Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1171641

Golden apple of discord, by Jakob Jordaens (1633 CE) By Jacob Jordaens - https://www.museodelprado.es/coleccion/galeria-on-line/galeria-on-line/obra/las-bodas-de-tetis-y-peleo/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17450937

Achilles on a Roman mosaic with the Removal of Briseis, 2nd century BCE By Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup from Centennial, CO, USA - Getty Villa - CollectionUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30180928 Thetis Dipping the Infant Achilles into the River Styx, by Peter Paul Rubens (c. 1625 CE) By Peter Paul Rubens - collectie.boijmans.nl : Home : Info : Pic, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15206390

Head of Achilles depicted on a 4th-century BCE coin By Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. http://www.cngcoins.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28992379

The Education of Achilles, by Eugène Delacroix (c. 1862 CE) By Eugène Delacroix - The Getty Center, Object 197This image was taken from the Getty Research Institute's Open Content Program, which states the following regarding their assessment that no known copyright restrictions exist:Open content images are digital surrogates of works of art that are in the Getty's collections and in the public domain, for which we hold all rights, or for which we are not aware of any rights restrictions.While the Getty Research Institute cannot make an absolute statement on the copyright status of a given image, "Open content images can be used for any purpose without first seeking permission from the Getty."More information can be found at http://www.getty.edu/about/opencontent.html., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10379065

Chiron teaching Achilles how to play the lyre, Roman fresco from Herculaneum By upload by muesse - www.focus.de, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8328492

Achilles on Skyros, by Nicolas Poussin (1656 CE) By Nicolas Poussin - pictures.com.np, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14159332

Achilles at Skyros, by Niccolò Bambini (before 1736 CE) By Didier Descouens - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=81691184

Statue of Zeus By Mario Leonardo Iñiguez - Paris-33, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53215746

The Rage of Achilles, fresco by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1757 CE) By Giovanni Battista Tiepolo - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=285261

Achilles and Agamemnon, from a mosaic from Pompeii, 1st century BCE By Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=44286836

Achilles cedes Briseis to Agamemnon, fresco from 1st century BCE By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91731089

Achilles killing Penthesilea, tondo of an Attic red-figure kylix, c. 465 BC By Penthesilea Painter (name vase) - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202.see permission.Image renamed from Image:Penthesilea-Maler 001.jpg., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2759814

Achilles and Memnon fighting, Attic black-figure amphora, c. 510 BC By Painter of Munich 1410 (name vase) - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2954035

Red-figure kylix depicting the hero Achilles tending to the wounds of Patroclus, c. 500 BCE ArchaiOptix, . (2021, June 06). Achilles Tending to Patroclus. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14193/achilles-tending-to-patroclus/

Achilles kills Hector, by Léonce Legendre (between c. 1831 and c. 1893 CE) By Léonce Legendre - Musea Brugge - Groeningemuseum / LUKAS - Art in Flanders (photographic reproduction), http://resolver.lukasweb.be/collection/work/data/0041065, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64497745

Dying Achilles (Achilleas thniskon) in the gardens of the Achilleion, by Ernst Herter (1884 CE) By Dr.K. - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25907139


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The Ancient Greek Creation Myth Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Hesiod and the Muse, by Gustave Moreau (1891 CE) MobyDick, . (2012, April 26). Hesiod and the Muse. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/200/hesiod-and-the-muse/

Portrait of Hesiod on the Monnus mosaic (end of 3rd century CE) Raddato, C. (2016, October 04). Portrait of Hesiod. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/5835/portrait-of-hesiod/

The Fall of the Titans, by Cornelis van Haarlem, (c. 1588-90 CE) Haarlem, C. v. (2022, October 16). The Fall of the Titans. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/16554/the-fall-of-the-titans/

Eos in her four-horse chariot, detail of terracotta red-figure lekanis vase attributed to the Stuttgart group, from Canosa, late 300s BCE. Art, M. M. o. (2023, February 17). Eos in Her Four-horse Chariot. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/17086/eos-in-her-four-horse-chariot/

Prometheus, by Otto Greiner (1909 CE) By Otto Greiner - 1. National Gallery of Canada2. National Gallery of Canada, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15281656

Phoebe gifts the oracular tripod to Apollo, by John Flaxman (1755–1826 CE) By John Flaxman Jr. - CgFc_BRQftXafw at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22161013

Leto holding Apollo (c. 1742 CE) By Lazar Widmann (Bohemia, 1699-1769) - Image: http://collections.lacma.org/sites/default/files/remote_images/piction/ma-31774076-O3.jpgGallery: http://collections.lacma.org/node/239389 archive copy, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27306768

Cronus devouring one of his sons, by Peter Paul Rubens (between 1636 and 1638 CE) By Peter Paul Rubens - http://www.museodelprado.es/coleccion/galeria-on-line/galeria-on-line/obra/saturno-devorando-a-un-hijo-1/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1723595

Cronos and Rhea, by Karl Friedrich Schinkel (1781-1841 CE) http://lj.rossia.org/users/kentauris/392689.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=61820140

The Battle Between the Gods and the Titans, by Joachim Wtewael (1600 CE) By Joachim Wtewael - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15400589

Zeus de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680 CE By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=913510

The birth of Athena from the head of Zeus (550–525 BCE) By User:Bibi Saint-Pol - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2061180

Greek manuscript of Hesiod's Theogony with scholia written in the margins (1319 CE) By Hesiod - 2d copy, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48537411

Garden Hesperides by Edward Burne-Jones (c. 1869 CE) By Edward Burne-Jones - preraphaelitepaintings.blogspot.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17292071

Late second-century Greek mosaic from the House of Theseus, showing the three Moirai: Klotho, Lachesis, and Atropos, standing behind Peleus and Thetis, the parents of Achilles By Wolfgang Sauber - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18345719

Nereid half reclining on the back of a seahorse, fresco from Pompeii By Unknown author - https://www.almendron.com/blog/2021/01/21/, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=111786642

Roman mosaic from the Trajan Baths of Acholla, showing 3 aquatic deities: Phorcys (middle) and Ceto (right), and Triton or Thaumas (left, but maybe a more obscure sea-god) By Dennis Jarvis - Flickr: Tunisia-4751 - Phorkys, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22469688

Wind rose of ancient Greece, by the scholar Adamantios Korais (1796 CE) By Adamantios Coray - Google books : Lettres de Coray à Chardon de la Rochette (1880), page 300., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16530764

Phosphoros, Eos, Helios, Hesperos, by Stanisław Wyspiański (1897 CE) By Stanisław Wyspiański - http://www.pinakoteka.zascianek.pl/Wyspianski/Wysp_Iliada.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3610115

Tritoness bronze applique, 2nd century BCE By https://clevelandart.org/art/1985.184, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=76008418

Hermes wearing a petasos, c. 480 BCE–470 BCE By Tarquinia Painter - Jastrow (2007), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1539437


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The Tragedy of the House of Oedipus Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Oedipus and the Sphinx by Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1808 CE) By Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=215501

Sophocles, Oedipus the King in the Rome manuscript written in 1340 Von Sophocles - 2d copy, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48537177

Detail of ancient fresco in which Oedipus solves the riddle of the Sphinx, 2nd c. CE By Unknown author - masralarabia.net, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112891892

Oedipus with the bodies of Jocasta and his sons, painting by Oscar-Pierre Mathieu (1871 CE) By VladoubidoOo - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62683886

Photographic portrait of Sigmund Freud (c. 1921 CE) By Max Halberstadt - https://www.christies.com/lotfinder/lot_details.aspx?intObjectID=6116407, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64082854

View of Thebes by Hugh William Williams (1819 CE) By Hugh William Williams - 9wFtapAVv7YwYg at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21854664 Oedipus Separating from Jocasta, by Alexandre Cabanel (1843 CE) By Alexandre Cabanel - http://stephengjertsongalleries.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Cabanel-Oedipus-Separating-from-Jocasta.jpg from http://stephengjertsongalleries.com/?p=1526, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17102664

Tiresias appears to Odysseus, by Johann Heinrich Füssli (c. 1780–85 CE) By Henry Fuseli - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=151197

The blind Oedipus led by his daughter Antigone, by Artus Scheiner (c. 1914 CE) By Marshall, Logan, tr - https://archive.org/details/mythslegendsofal00mars, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67039223

Oedipus at Colonus, by Jean-Antoine-Théodore Giroust (1788 CE) By Jean-Antoine-Théodore Giroust - picture by alexmarie28, painting at the Dallas Museum of Art, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14812426

Antigone and Ismene by Emil Teschendorff (1892 CE) By Internet Archive Book Images - https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14784688512/Source book page: https://archive.org/stream/charactersketche00inbrew/charactersketche00inbrew#page/n98/mode/1up, No restrictions, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42113175

Oedipus (with Ismene and Antigone) condemns Polyneikes, by Marcel Baschet (1883 CE) By Marcel Baschet - http://www.hellenica.de/Griechenland/Mythos/%D6dipus.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6692631

The Death of Oedipus, by Henry Fuseli/Franz Hegi (1806 CE) By Henry Fuseli - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60276488

Antigone in Front of the Dead Polynices by Nikiforos Lytras (1865 CE) By Nikiforos Lytras - http://www.hellenicaworld.com/Greece/Art/en/NikiforosLytrasAntigone.htmlTransferred from el.wikipedia to Commons., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3921262

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigone

Antigone by Frederic Leighton, (1882 CE) By Frederic Leighton - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=198450

Ismene and Antogone Plead with Theseus, by Nicolai Abildgaard (between 1790 and 1799 CE) By Nicolai Abildgaard - http://collection.smk.dk/#/en/detail/KMS7593, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=66358026

Euphorbos carrying young Oedipus. Attic red-figure amphora (ca 5th century BC) By Achilles Painter - User:Bibi Saint-Pol, Own work, 2010-02-06, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9473669

Oedipus seated on a rock ponders the riddle of the Sphinx (c. 470 BC) By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Oedipus and the Sphinx of Thebes, Red Figure Kylix, c. 470 BC, from Vulci, attributed to the Oedipus Painter, Vatican MuseumsUploaded by Marcus Cyron, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30370622

Oedipus (on the right), the Sphinx (on the middle) and Hermes (on the left). Attic red-figure stamnos, (ca. 440 BC) By Menelaus Painter - Jastrow (2007), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1260306

Oedipus Cursing His Son, Polynices, by Henry Fuseli (1786 CE) By Henry Fuseli - National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C., online collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50185922

Actor Sandro Moissi as Oedipus (1913 CE) By Shakko - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62354612


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The Powerful Sorceress Circe from Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Circe Offering the Cup to Odysseus by John William Waterhouse (1891 CE) By John William Waterhouse - en:Image:Circe_Offering_the_Cup_to_Odysseus.jpg http://moontale.egloos.com/865206, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=426808

Roman mosaic depicting Pasiphaë on a throne By http://www.theoi.com/Gallery/Z45.8.html - http://www.theoi.com/Gallery/Z45.8.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65034362

King Aeëtes by Bartolomeo di Giovanni (1487 CE) By Bartolomeo di Giovanni - The Argonauts in Colchis, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40030421

Circe, by Frederick S. Church (1910 CE) By Frederick Stuart Church - http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/artwork/?id=4809, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48005187

Ulysses and Circe, by Annibale Carracci (c. 1590 CE) By Annibale Carracci - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38705997

Jason and Medea, by John William Waterhouse (1907 CE) By John William Waterhouse - http://www.jwwaterhouse.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4832991

Circe and Scylla, by John William Waterhouse's (1892 CE) By J. W. WATERHOUSE (1849 - 1917) (Britain)Born in Rome. Died in London.Google Art Projectでのアーティストの詳細 - ZwGeGjQ7_fwYxQ at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=23604587

Circe enticing Odysseus, by Angelica Kauffman (1786 CE) By Angelica Kauffmann(Life time: 1741-1807 ) - Original publication: 1786Immediate source: http://www.museumsyndicate.com/item.php?item=2585, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22053214

Ulysses at the Palace of Circe, by Wilhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg (1667 CE) By Willem Schubart von Ehrenberg - The Getty Center, Object 578This image was taken from the Getty Research Institute's Open Content Program, which states the following regarding their assessment that no known copyright restrictions exist:Open content images are digital surrogates of works of art that are in the Getty's collections and in the public domain, for which we hold all rights, or for which we are not aware of any rights restrictions.While the Getty Research Institute cannot make an absolute statement on the copyright status of a given image, "Open content images can be used for any purpose without first seeking permission from the Getty."More information can be found at http://www.getty.edu/about/opencontent.html., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15843822

The Kingdom of Sorceress Circe, by Angelo Caroselli (c. 1630 CE) By Angelo Caroselli and Pseudo Caroselli - Ottocento Art Gallery, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64106099

Terracotta calyx-krater (ca. 440 BCE) American Art Galleries. 1899. Catalogue of the private art collection of Thomas B. Clarke. Part II. Objects of Art. no. 362, p. 64, New York: American Art Association.

Terracotta askos (3rd century BCE) Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1911. "Recent Accessions: Gift of a Greek Vase." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 6(4): p. 100.

Pair of terracotta plaques with glass inlays (late 4th century BCE) Karoglou, Kyriaki. 2018. "Dangerous Beauty : Medusa in Classical Art." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 75(3): pp. 42–43, fig. 63.


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The Fearsome Amazons of Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Cast of a Roman statue from Hadrian's Villa By Ares_Canope_Villa_Adriana.jpg: Jastrowderivative work: EricMachmer (talk) - Ares_Canope_Villa_Adriana.jpg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12337499

Battle of the Amazons by Rubens and Jan Brueghel By Peter Paul Rubens - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15885509

A depiction of an Amazon warrior from a 2nd century CE Attic relief slab Cartwright, M. (2021, April 06). Amazon Warrior, Attic Relief Plaque. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/13801/amazon-warrior-attic-relief-plaque/

A depiction of an Amazon warrior from a 2nd century CE Attic relief slab Netchev, S. (2021, June 30). Scythian Territorial Expanse, c. 700-300 BCE. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14359/scythian-territorial-expanse-c-700-300-bce/

Detail of a painted alabaster sarcophagus depicting an Amazonomachy ArchaiOptix, . (2021, June 11). Detail of Amazon Sarcophagus, Tarquinia. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14232/detail-of-amazon-sarcophagus-tarquinia/

Greek soldiers fighting Amazons during the Trojan War Crabben, J. v. d. (2019, May 10). Greeks Battling Amazons. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/10520/greeks-battling-amazons/

Departure of the Amazons, by Claude Deruet By Claude Deruet - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57668679

Hercules fighting the Amazon queen Hippolyte Art, M. M. o. (2021, June 11). Hercules Battling Hippolyte. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14239/hercules-battling-hippolyte/

The abduction of Antiope by Theseus By George E. Koronaios - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=86103637

Amazonomachy, detail, late 2nd to early 3rd century CE Daderot, . (2017, February 23). Amazonomachy Detail. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/6379/amazonomachy-detail/

Depiction of an "Amazonomachy," a battle between between Greeks and Amazon warriors Art, M. M. o. (2021, June 10). Vase Painting of Amazonomachy. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/14228/vase-painting-of-amazonomachy/

A marble statue of a wounded Amazon Cartwright, M. (2013, April 30). Wounded Amazon. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/1163/wounded-amazon/

Jason with the Golden Fleece by Bertel Thorvaldsen By Bertel Thorvaldsen - Image:ThorvaldsensJason.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4659064

Bellerophon, Pegasus, and Athena By Sergey Sosnovskiy - http://ancientrome.ru/art/artworken/img.htm?id=8320, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112231625

Sculpture of Hercules Eleventh labour By Vi Ko - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=62432565

Perseus and Andromeda By Marie-Lan Nguyen, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22574470

Theseus freeing one of the Athenian boys By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91758251

Mosaic of Amazon Warrior Fighting Greek Rider Mossot, J. (2020, January 30). Mosaic of Amazon Warrior Fighting Greek Rider. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11792/mosaic-of-amazon-warrior-fighting-greek-rider/

Hector brought back to Troy By Marie-Lan Nguyen (January 2005), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=38922

Scene from the Trojan War By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2009), CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8998309

Black-figured amphora Museum, T. o. t. B. (2012, April 26). Black-figured amphora (wine-jar) signed by Exekias as potter and attributed to him as painter. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/512/black-figured-amphora-wine-jar-signed-by-exekias-a/


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The Sky Gods of Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Zeus de Smyrne, discovered in Smyrna in 1680 By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=913510

The Campana Hera By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=692964

The 12 Olympian gods of ancient Greece Cartwright, M. (2019, September 10). The 12 Olympian Gods. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/11177/the-12-olympian-gods/

Magnum Chaos, wood-inlay by Giovan Francesco Capoferri By Lorenzo Lotto, Giovan Francesco Capoferri - From a book, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18231071

La Nuit by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1884) By William-Adolphe Bouguereau - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59232

Aether in battle with a lion-headed Giant By Carlos Gonzalez - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43382637

Uranus by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, c1845 By Karl Friedrich Schinkel - The Granger Collection Image No. 0051110, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=88702134

Aeolus, illustration by Jan van Vianen By Jan van Vianen - Pantheum mythicum, seu Fabuloſa deorum, hiſtoria, hoc primo epitomes eruditionis volumine, breviter dilucidéque comprehenſa, 5th ed., by François‐Antoine Pomey, Utrecht: Willem van de Water, 1697. Digitized by Google from the collection of the British Library.Downloaded from Google Books <https://books.google.com/books?id=VOloAAAAcAAJ>., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91561741

Zephyr and Chloris blowing the wind across Venus By Sandro Botticelli - cropped from File:Botticelli Venus.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113418876

Boreas and the Fallen Leaves, by Evelyn De Morgan By Evelyn De Morgan - https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/boreas-and-the-fallen-leaves-evelyn-de-morgan/2wExUwCN1_uGkA, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116532322

Francesco Solimena - Boreas Abducting Oreithyia By Francesco Solimena - Azerbaijan National Art Museum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27245663

Caryatid of Aura By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan Nguyen (Jastrow), 2007, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2381939

An allegory of the peace and happiness of the state; depicted are Dike (justice), Eunomia (order) and, in the center, Eirene (peace) By Jacob Jordaens - This image was provided to Wikimedia Commons by Biblioteca Museu Víctor Balaguer as part of an ongoing cooperative GLAMWIKI project with Amical Wikimedia. The artifact represented in the image is part of the permanent collection of Biblioteca Museu Víctor Balaguer., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16751334

The Gates of Dawn, by Herbert James Draper By Herbert James Draper - http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_-H-t-Wz1VNU/SpU8-FvYn0I/AAAAAAAAFTg/kSjio4mZ-6Q/s1600-h/Draper_GatesOfDawn_100.jpg (cropped), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10693523

The Garden of the Hesperides by Frederick, Lord Leighton, 1892. By Frederic Leighton - Frederic Leighton, 1892, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=30740042

Mercury and Herse, Nicolaes Moeyaer By Claes Corneliszoon Moeyaert - Mauritshuis, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=86339188

Morpheus and Iris, by Pierre-Narcisse Guérin (1811) By Pierre-Narcisse Guérin - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15394776

Pleiades nebula By Daviddayag - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=124416915

The Pleiades by Elihu Vedder By Elihu Vedder - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48948850

Selene and Endymion, by Sebastiano Ricci (1713) By Sebastiano Ricci - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=158315

Selene in a flying chariot By https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/obf_images/76/94/7eb9716dd3a57d1a762f6eb70f94.jpgGallery: https://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus/image/L0007609.htmlWellcome Collection gallery (2018-03-29): https://wellcomecollection.org/works/pbpp6t6d CC-BY-4.0, CC BY 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=35940850


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Phaethon and the Chariot of Helios Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Helios on an antique fresco from Pompeii By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91758361

Die in Pappeln verwandelten Schwestern des Phaeton by Santi di Tito By Santi di Tito - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=159473

Ovid By Auréola - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7654436

Clymene urging Phaethon, 1589 engraving. By Hendrik Goltzius (after) (Holland, Mülbracht, 1558-1617), Hendrik Goltzius (Holland, Mülbracht [now Bracht-am-Niederrhein], 1558-1617) - Image: http://collections.lacma.org/sites/default/files/remote_images/piction/ma-31885671-O3.jpgGallery: http://collections.lacma.org/node/238115 archive copy, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27334836

Helios in his chariot By original file by Gryffindor - File:Pergamonmuseum - Antikensammlung - Relief 39.JPG, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6554085

Hephaestus at the Forge by Guillaume Coustou the Younger By Guillaume Coustou the Younger - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1024947

Phaethon asks his father for the chariot, engraving by Hendrik Goltzius, 1590 By Hendrik Goltzius (after) (Holland, Mülbracht, 1558-1617), Hendrik Goltzius (Holland, Mülbracht [now Bracht-am-Niederrhein], 1558-1617) - Image: http://collections.lacma.org/sites/default/files/remote_images/piction/ma-31885496-O3.jpgGallery: http://collections.lacma.org/node/238086 archive copy, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=27334717

Phaethon by Gustave Moreau By Gustave Moreau - ?, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=470791

The fall of Phaethon by Adolphe Pierre Sunaert By Adolphe Pierre Sunaert - Europeana, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=41692810

Fall of Phaethon, by Johann Michael Franz By digital cat from München, Bavaria - Residenz Eichstätt - Deckenfresko, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120613043

The Gods mourning Phaeton by Theodoor van Thulden By Theodoor van Thulden - Sotheby's Lot.128, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112795438

The Heliades by Pierre Brébiette By Pierre Brébiette - Département des arts graphiques du Louvre, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=80612189

The fall of Phaeton by Jacob Jordaens By Jacob Jordaens - https://www.senat.fr/fileadmin/Fichiers/Images/archives/Jordaens/Porte-documents1.pdf, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=120608148

The fall of Phaethon by Peter Paul Rubens By Peter Paul Rubens - nga.gov National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=185585


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The Curse of the House of Atreus Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Pelops By Guillaume Rouillé - Rouillé, Guillaume (1553) Promptuarium Iconum Insigniorum, 1, Lyon, p. 44 OCLC: 9088527689., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7940046

Atreus and Thyestes By Václav Jindřich Nosecký, Michael Václav Halbax (r. 1700) - PhDr Martin Mádl, PhD, Ústav dějin umění AV ČR (Institute of Art History ASCR), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37964610

Entrance to the tholos known as the "Treasury of Atreus" By Ken Russell Salvador - originally posted to Flickr as kens pics 459, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5530871

The murdering of Aegisthus by Orestes and Pylades By Wind Group - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=688179

Pelops and Hippodamia racing in a bas-relief By Haiduc - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4033998

Pelops and Hippodamia By Haiduc - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4033867

The so-called Mask of Agamemnon By Xuan Che - Self-photographed (Flickr), 20 December 2010, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15165017

Pierre-Narcisse Guérin - Clytemnestra and Agamemnon By Pierre-Narcisse Guérin - Louvre, Paris [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=28818918

Atreus and Thyestes By Sailko - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21733144

Tiestes and Aérope By Nosadella - www.artnet.de, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7460891

Roman marble bust of Artemis By Marie-Lan Nguyen (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1224750

Orestes and Pylades By Disdero - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33929455

Apollo By Dennis Jarvis from Halifax, Canada - Italy-3104 - Apollo, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64848468

Idealized reconstruction of the Areopagus (front) and the Acropolis By Leo von Klenze - Neue Pinakothek, Munich, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1387333

Mount Sipylus By Mr. V. Yuksel - http://wowturkey.com/t.php?p=/tr31/Yuzbasi_Volkan_Yuksel_Spil_golet.jpg, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14759261

Pompeiian relief of Demeter in her aspects of mother goddess and goddess of agriculture By Unknown author - Abbildung aus Meyers Konversationslexikon von 1888 - Demeter (Relief aus Pompeji), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=455753

A bust of Zeus. By Unidentified engraver - William Henry Goodyear, A History of Art: For Classes, Art-Students, and Tourists in Europe, A. S. Barnes & Company, New York, 1889. Page 158. Scanned by Dave Pape., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1326136

Modern depiction (1876) of a chariot race in Rome's Circus Maximus By Jean-Léon Gérôme - https://www.artic.edu/artworks/100350, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74945568

Mask of Thyestes Von unknown ancient Roman artist - http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/awiesner/temp/thyestes-mask.html, Gemeinfrei, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1476011

Hermes on an antique fresco from Pompeii By Sailko - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=81766727

The dromos of the Treasury of Atreus Von Klearchos Kapoutsis from Santorini, Greece - Treasury of Atreus, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26821678

Aegisthus being murdered by Orestes and Pylades By Wind Group - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=688179


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The Myth of Echo and Narcissus Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Narcissus, fresco from Pompeii By Unknown author - http://almacendeclasicas.blogspot.com/2015/05/pompeya-la-casa-de-marco-lucrecio.html, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=112691977

Illustration Narcissus poeticus By Otto Wilhelm Thomé - www.biolib.de; Relevant page from mirror site: [1]Original book source: Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé; Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz - in Wort und Bild für Schule und Haus, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9076

Echo, by Alexandre Cabanel By Alexandre Cabanel - Official gallery link, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1447889

John William Waterhouse - Echo and Narcissus By John William Waterhouse - cgGohYq-VdecNw at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21878879

Albrecht Dürer's engraving of Nemesis, c 1502 By Albrecht Dürer - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60859167

Narcissus and Echo (45–79 AD), wall painting from Pompeii By Stefano Bolognini - Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3571336

Narcissus and Echo (1805), Benjamin West By Benjamin West - http://the-athenaeum.org/art/display_image.php?id=24692, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6917274

The goddess Juno Raddato, C. (2015, April 07). Juno, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/3776/juno-ny-carlsberg-glyptotek/

Statue of Jupiter with his trademark eagle Grandmont, J. (2020, September 07). Jupiter with Eagle, Louvre. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12674/jupiter-with-eagle-louvre/

Narcissus and Echo sculpture By Dr. Bernd Gross - Own workOriginal text: Eigenes Foto, CC BY-SA 3.0 de, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69039967

Narcissus painting by Caravaggio By Caravaggio - Self-scanned, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25450745


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The Legend of Herakles - the Greatest Hero in Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Statue of Herakles Von Glycon of Athens (copy), Lysippos (original type) - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011), CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16486388

Birth of Heracles By Jean Jacques Francois Le Barbier (1738-1826) - en:Image:Birth of heracles.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3499884

Detail of Amphitryon By Carlo Raso - https://www.flickr.com/photos/70125105@N06/41494578520/, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=117704145

Heracles as a boy strangling a snake By Unknown artist - Marie-Lan Nguyen (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1329824

By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57870133

Side of terracotta kantharos in the form of the head of Heracles By Syriskos - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60416342

Herakles killing Linos By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=87955546

Head of Hercules-Artagnes-Ares on Mount Nemrut Raddato, C. (2020, August 18). Head of Hercules-Artagnes-Ares on Mount Nemrut. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/12584/head-of-hercules-artagnes-ares-on-mount-nemrut/

Hercules' fight with the Nemean lion, Pieter Paul Rubens. By Peter Paul Rubens - Own work Yelkrokoyade, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=55913424

Daughters of Thespius, Gustave Moreau (1853) By Gustave Moreau - https://eclecticlight.co/2016/12/15/hesiods-brush-the-paintings-of-gustave-moreau-2-distant-rumbles/, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=72171527

Heracles kills his son while Megara stands by By Carole Raddato from FRANKFURT, Germany - Mosaic panel depicting the madness of Heracles (Hercules furens), from the Villa Torre de Palma near Monforte, 3rd-4th century AD, National Archaeology Museum of Lisbon, Portugal, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33004399

The Campana Hera, a 2nd century Roman copy of a Hellenistic original. Louvre, Paris By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=692964

Hephaestus at the Forge by Guillaume Coustou the Younger (Louvre) By Guillaume Coustou the Younger - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1024947

Heracles drunk and Omphale By Unknown author - Taken by Stefano Bolognini Own work, Attribution, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3572403

Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem, The Fall of the Titans By Cornelis van Haarlem - 2AEcYz8BknPYRg at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21996338

Heracles fighting Achelous By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1763646

Heracles and Deianira, antique fresco in Pompeii By Unknown author - pinterest.se, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=126350980

Hyllus looks at the centaur Nessus, antique fresco from Pompeii By Marie-Lan Nguyen, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22453623

Statue of Nessus struck by an arrow By Laurent Marqueste - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1777949

Terms of Hercules and Deianira, by Giulio Bonasone By Giulio Bonasone - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60875237

Lichas bringing the garment of Nessus to Hercules, woodcut (circa 1542-1548) By Scan by Yellow Lion - Private collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1435255

Detail from Hercules and Lichas (1795), by Antonio Canova By LuciusCommons - foto scattata da me., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=968269

Deianira by Evelyn De Morgan By Evelyn De Morgan - [1], Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1147059

The Death of Hercules (1634) by Francisco de Zurbarán By Francisco de Zurbarán - Galería online, Museo del Prado., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45236464

Hebe by Jacques Louis Dubois By Jacques Louis Dubois (French, 1768-1843) - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31131695 Hercules standing in a niche By Giovanni Jacopo Caraglio - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60882607

Painting by Gustave Moreau (1861) By Gustave Moreau - The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=155903

Engraving by Hans Sebald Beham By Hans Sebald Beham - Private collection, Scan by Yellow Lion, 2006, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1435219

Herakles captures the Hind of Keryneia By Unknown artist - Jastrow (2006), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1481936

Thebes, 1842 by Carl Rottmann By Carl Rottmann - Own work, photo by Szilas in the Neue Pinakothek, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21981563

Helios on an antique fresco from Pompeii By ArchaiOptix - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=91758361

Heracles Obtaining the Belt of Hyppolita by Nikolaus Knüpfer By Nikolaus Knüpfer - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15497003

Hercules driving off the cattle of Geryon By Giulio Bonasone - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60864925 By Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder - Unknown author, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25632884

Heracles stealing the apples from the Hesperides By Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25632907

Atlas and Heracles By Lucas Cranach the Elder - Unknown author, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25633043

By Rubens, Peter Paul - https://www.museodelprado.es/en/the-collection/art-work/hercules-and-cerberus/c07de2de-666d-4a14-b8cd-56b353d24f06, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=85503638


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Eros-Cupid and Psyche, the Greek and Roman Gods of Love and the Soul Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Cupid Image Source

By Unknown artist - User:Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (2011), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=25652666

By © Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7871328

By Gorgonchica - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=69125084

By Luca Giordano - Web Gallery of Art: Image Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15864338

By Sandro Botticelli - Adjusted levels from File:Sandro Botticelli - La nascita di Venere - Google Art Project.jpg, originally from Google Art Project. Compression Photoshop level 9., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=22507491

By Claude Lorrain - National Gallery, London - online collection, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50712491

By Annie Swynnerton - https://www.flickr.com/photos/freeparking/521815267, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40930817

By Anthony van Dyck - https://www.royalcollection.org.uk/collection/search#/31/collection/405571/cupid-and-psyche, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=150519

By Unknown author - vecteezy.com, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=113919303

By Ascoli Satriano Painter - Walters Art Museum: Home page Info about artwork, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18791389

By This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=57852892 By Daderot - Self-photographed, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=14772715

By Unknown (prewar photograph) - {{{1}}} — Google Arts & Culture, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=94266378

By Edward Burne-Jones - Art UK, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=97511300

By Painter of London D 12 - User:Jastrow, own work, 2008-03-15, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=504398

By Marie-Lan Nguyen - Own work, CC BY 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1224971

By Jean-Honoré Fragonard - http://www.allartpainting.com/psyche-showing-her-sisters-her-gifts-from-cupid-p-4212.html, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=7707655

By Jacopo Zucchi - Own book scan (Christian Stukenbrock und Barbara Töpper: 1000 Meisterwerke der Europäischen Malerei von 1300 bis 1850, Hagen, Verlag Könemann, 2005, ISBN 3-8331-1310-3, p. 968), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4595275

By Jean-Jacque-François le Barbier - bQF1saZvHgEWCA at Google Cultural Institute, zoom level maximum, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=29816012

By John William Waterhouse - The Art and Life of John William Waterhouse (About), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1728636

By Piero del Pollaiuolo - The original uploader was DO'Neil at English Wikipedia., Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2303611

By William-Adolphe Bouguereau - Unknown source, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=432856

By After Michiel Coxie - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60285724

By User:FA2010 - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=12839298

By William Hogarth - This file was donated to Wikimedia Commons as part of a project by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. See the Image and Data Resources Open Access Policy, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60888947

By Rijksmuseum - http://hdl.handle.net/10934/RM0001.COLLECT.219667, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=83934073


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The Myth of King Midas and his Golden Touch Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Midas gold1.tif https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Midas_gold1.tif Walter Crane Public Domain US

File:Gordion95.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gordion95.JPG Vikiçizer - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Turkey-1428 (2216632594).jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/archer10/2216632594/ Dennis Jarvis CC BY SA 2.0

File:Silenos Midas Met 49.11.1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Silenos_Midas_Met_49.11.1.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen CC BY 2.5

Mosaic pavement depicting Orpheus playing the lyre encircled with charmed animals, discovered in 1934 in Trinquetaille (Arles), 3rd-4th century AD, Musée de l'Arles antique, Arles, France https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16008104369/in/photolist-Si8Pu3-byoZnQ-mU8hyi-byoYNq-SDcKYQ-RAtWZU-9Z4QhH-nJ6vAC-qozHHt-gSUwej-znqG8X-dNNsLw-dNNuDm-gSUjmu-RD346p-9Z4NMM-q9QrNu-q9Hwrv-pSsmqn-pd8KuD-q9HquR-qPiUVK-qF2mZH-boqSK2-SFFEy2-gSVeV2-rtwZz7-dNr8YU-dNGRit-dNGRA8-dNGS8c-SSZ62z-dNGSVn-RD36rM-dNGQNg-rL1jwB-qP6FHN-rtDkSi-rL6uNc-9Z4R9n-7FkFVL-9Z7JeG-DH2VAy-dNGSDZ-bmKvsK-pSsoik-pSkv4E-rL6zzM-vH6uJa-rL1i7x Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Marble statuette of Dionysos https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254996?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=39 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

stamnos https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/image/446546001 British Museum British Museum Licensing CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Drawing of King Midas.jpg http://www.reusableart.com/midas-03.html Walter Crane (1845-1915) Public Domain US

Marble statue of Pan https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256127?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=pan&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fragment of a terracotta calyx-krater (mixing bowl) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250949?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=26 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:5629. St. Petersburg. Sculptures of the Summer Garden.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:5629._St._Petersburg._Sculptures_of_the_Summer_Garden.jpg GAlexandrova - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Andrea Vaccaro König Midas.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Andrea_Vaccaro_König_Midas.jpg Andrea Vaccaro / FA2010 Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain


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Hygeia, Asclepius, and the Ancient Greek Deities of Healing Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Apollo Artemis Brygos Louvre G151.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_Artemis_Brygos_Louvre_G151.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen - own work Public Domain

File:Kylix with Apollo, AM of Delphi 8140, 201389.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kylix_with_Apollo,_AM_of_Delphi_8140,_201389.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Apollo Chiron Asclepios MAN Napoli Inv8846.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_Chiron_Asclepios_MAN_Napoli_Inv8846.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen Public Domain US

Statue of Asclepius, Roman copy from the 2nd century AD of an original Greek statue from the Hellenistic period, from the Ludovisi Collection, Palazzo Altemps, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/31963763014/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta kylix: Siana cup (drinking cup) — gorgon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246931?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=gorgon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=34 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:1. Marble statue of Asklepios, god of medicine. From Cyrene (Libya), 2nd century CE. Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1._Marble_statue_of_Asklepios,_god_of_medicine.From_Cyrene(Libya),_2nd_century_CE._Museum_of_Scotland,_Edinburgh.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Sculptures Messene museum 09 52 26 467000.jpeg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sculptures_Messene_museum_09_52_26_467000.jpeg Sp!ros - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Votive relief for Asklepios, around 350 BC, from the Asklepieion in Piraeus, Piraeus Archaeological Museum, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/49681661178/in/photolist-bMDmX4-dn9Qjd-9F7GbX-e8x2ZK-bMktNV-pFndfP-eaR718-bA1E5m-bA1hAb-bNVgXg-bkzvBU-2iGcuZ9-bA1h1L Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Hygea, copia romana da originale greco del III sec. ac.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hygea,_copia_romana_da_originale_greco_del_III_sec._ac.JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Asklepios and his daughter Hygieia, Attic grave stelae and reliefs, Istanbul Archaeology Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/5693503355/in/photolist-bMDmX4-dn9Qjd-9F7GbX-e8x2ZK-bMktNV-pFndfP-eaR718-bA1E5m-bA1hAb-bNVgXg-bkzvBU-2iGcuZ9-bA1h1L Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Marble votive relief fragment of goddesses, mother, nurse, and infant https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251519?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=asklepios&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:"Epidauros ist die bedeutendste antike Kultstätte für den Heilgott Asklepios. 11.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22Epidauros_ist_die_bedeutendste_antike_Kultstätte_für_den_Heilgott_Asklepios._11.jpg Holger Uwe Schmitt - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Asclepeion Epidaurus (2).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Asclepeion_Epidaurus_(2).jpg Petter Ulleland - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Votive relief Asklepios BM809.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Votive_relief_Asklepios_BM809.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen - own work Public Domain


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The Greek Myth of Theseus, Ariadne and the Minotaur Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Demophon Aithra Staatliche Antikensammlungen 2687.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Demophon_Aithra_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_2687.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

File:Themis Aigeus Antikensammlung Berlin F2538 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Themis_Aigeus_Antikensammlung_Berlin_F2538_n2.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2008-02-16 Public Domain

Theseus honoured by the Athenians after killing the Minotaur who lies on the ground, from the House of Gavius Rufus in Pompeii, Naples National Archaeological Museum https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/52552749405/in/photolist-2o4Uzui-2mFupXx-2mFupYE-2j1jm2A-y5w2AY-y45NLu-X8nUKF-nyD7wo-nR4kJA-p6j52g-x9wbpz-AiXSz9-p6keuv-mUfKMV-x9weNi-y45PYQ-mUfRbD-AitdHU-iyGH4i-zoJGT7-X8nJea-A4KzS2-AkLp8V-kwDYQv-sFTvgU-nkCuy1-dyD8h1-xNNjeC-p6jpME-bKRU94-AofBdZ-sb8TAb-DcEvbm-bwXzk9-bxqLPL-bx5VBW-mUfzoP-pNZRQt-kLt3bB-bKS3cp-sbh3Lv-bwXsku-bwXGqA-dyxEex-bwXJaf-A2jN51-bKSyqM-kwE7eP-VUwVQT-bwXEqm Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Theseus Sinis Staatliche Antikensammlungen 8771.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_Sinis_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_8771.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-10 Public Domain

File:Terracotta Theseus Crommyonian Sow Staatliche Antikensammlungen.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Terracotta_Theseus_Crommyonian_Sow_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-10 Public Domain

Drinking bowl, Theseus plunges Sciron into the sea, from Vulci (Italy), attributed to the painter Douris, around 480 BC, Altes Museum Berlin https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13718490173/in/photolist-mUfRbD-AitdHU-iyGH4i-zoJGT7-X8nJea-A4KzS2-AkLp8V-kwDYQv-sFTvgU-nkCuy1-dyD8h1-xNNjeC-p6jpME-bKRU94-AofBdZ-sb8TAb-DcEvbm-bwXzk9-bxqLPL-bx5VBW-mUfzoP-pNZRQt-kLt3bB-bKS3cp-sbh3Lv-bwXsku-bwXGqA-dyxEex-bwXJaf-A2jN51-bKSyqM-kwE7eP-VUwVQT-bwXEqm-bKSkDM-AkXtd7-bwXL37-nv1SDz-AhKb2b-A6KmPX-A4KwUi-ntfVW5-ApfnfP-X4YcxA-bwXguY-bKRVra-AovTTT-nocyWe-nviZxp-ndPwRy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Theseus Minotaur BM Vase E84 n3.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_Minotaur_BM_Vase_E84_n3.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2007 CC BY 2.5

File:Krater Warrior BM F158.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Krater_Warrior_BM_F158.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2007 CC BY 2.5

File:Theseus Minotaur BM Vase E84 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_Minotaur_BM_Vase_E84_n2.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2007 CC BY 2.5

File:Calyx-Krater, about 400 BC, South Italian, Lucania, attributed to Near the Policoro Painter, ceramic - Cleveland Museum of Art - DSC08251.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Calyx-Krater,_about_400_BC,_South_Italian,_Lucania,_attributed_to_Near_the_Policoro_Painter,ceramic-Cleveland_Museum_of_Art-_DSC08251.JPG Daderot - own work CC0

File:Minotauros Myron NAMA 1664 n1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Minotauros_Myron_NAMA_1664_n1.jpg Marsyas Voir ci-dessous GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254906?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=theseus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Pasiphae and the baby Minotaur, red-figure kylix found at Etruscan Vulci, 4th century BC, Cabinet des Médailles, Paris https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/22614392466/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Gaziantep Zeugma Museum Daedalus mosaic 1871.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gaziantep_Zeugma_Museum_Daedalus_mosaic_1871.jpg Dosseman - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Attic black-figure Siana cup with scene of Theseus wrestling the Minotaur. Attic workshop. Attributed to the workshop of the Pyri Painter (560-550 BC) Used with permission from The Hellenic Museum and the Benaki Museum of Greek Culture

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251112?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=ariadne&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta kylix: eye-cup (drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248177?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=theseus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fresco Panel Depicting Dionysos and Ariadne https://www.getty.edu/art/collection/object/103Y07 The J. Paul Getty Museum Getty Open Content Program The Getty makes available, without charge, all available digital images to which the Getty holds the rights or that are in the public domain to be used for any purpose. No permission is required.

Fragment of a terracotta volute-krater https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250814?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hippolyte&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Wall painting - Peirithoos receiving the centaurs at his wedding - Pompeii (VII 2 16) - Napoli MAN 9044.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wall_painting_-Peirithoos_receiving_the_centaurs_at_his_wedding-Pompeii(VII_2_16)_-_Napoli_MAN_9044.jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Fetching Kerberos Met 08.258.21.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fetching_Kerberos_Met_08.258.21.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011) CC BY 2.5

Fragmentary wall-painting depicting Phaedra with an attendant, probably her nurse, about AD 20-60, probably from Pompeii, British Museum https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14975752346/in/photolist-oPmDqE-AuTjvk-Adh6G5-AszXXd-Adh2xo-AtFMB1-zxRoNm-AdgYys-zxZFBz Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Phaedra and Hippolytus, late 2nd / 3rd century AD, House of Dionysus, Paphos Archaeological Park, Cyprus https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/22643004965/in/photolist-2ki7HHA-2ki7HrD-2ki8e3y-2ki3Yoc-2ki8e9A-2ki3Y75-2ki8egp-2ki8eVk-nkCuy1-Adh6G5-Adh2xo-zxRoNm-AdgYys-AuTjvk-AszXXd-2ki8eCm-2ki8enb-2ki8e64-2ki8eQF-2ki8ecg-2ki3YiN-2ki3Yze-2ki7HVE-2ki8eK5-2ki8esw-nkCCXz-nkCwhb-AtFMB1-zxZFBz Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Theseus Helene Staatliche Antikensammlungen 2309.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_Helene_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_2309.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

Attic red-figure amphora, Theseus stabs the Minotaur, from Nola (Italy), around 460 BC, Altes Museum Berlin https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13718472035/in/photolist-mUfKMV-x9weNi-y45PYQ-mUfRbD-AitdHU-iyGH4i-zoJGT7-X8nJea-A4KzS2-AkLp8V-kwDYQv-sFTvgU-nkCuy1-dyD8h1-xNNjeC-p6jpME-bKRU94-AofBdZ-sb8TAb-DcEvbm-bwXzk9-bxqLPL-bx5VBW-mUfzoP-pNZRQt-kLt3bB-bKS3cp-sbh3Lv-bwXsku-bwXGqA-dyxEex-bwXJaf-A2jN51-bKSyqM-kwE7eP-VUwVQT-bwXEqm-bKSkDM-AkXtd7-bwXL37-nv1SDz-AhKb2b-A6KmPX-A4KwUi-ntfVW5-ApfnfP-X4YcxA-bwXguY-bKRVra-AovTTT Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Theseus deeds BM E 84.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Theseus_deeds_BM_E_84.JPG Twospoonfuls (2008) GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 4.0


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The Greek Hero Bellerophon and his Flying Horse Pegasus Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Red-figure plate showing Bellerophon riding Pegasus and a Chimera, by the Baltimore painter, second half of the 4th century BC, Monsters. Fantastic Creatures of Fear and Myth Exhibition, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/12836992534/in/photolist-2kKpKMB-2kKpKLj-2kL9jai-kymWDu-kRp2yz-kRqmyW-kRqoeE-kRqqD9-mbJ6XR Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Bellerophon, Pegasus, and Athena.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bellerophon,_Pegasus,_and_Athena.jpg Sergey Sosnovskiy / Exhibition “Gods, Men, Heroes” (Saint Petersburg, The State Hermitage Museum, 18 Apr. — 23 Jun. 2019). CC BY SA 4.0

Fragment of a terracotta volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) — Pegasus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250869?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bellerophon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta reilef roundel with head of Medusa https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246742?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=medusa&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Mosaico con bellerofonte e la chimera, da rodi sud, 300-270 ac. ca. 02.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mosaico_con_bellerofonte_e_la_chimera,_da_rodi_sud,_300-270_ac._ca._02.JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Antikensammlung Kiel 099.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Antikensammlung_Kiel_099.JPG Marcus Cyron - self photographed CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta bail-amphora (jar) - Bellerophon and the Chimera https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247403?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bellerophon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Bellerophon mounted on Pegasus vanquishing the Chimera, highly restored central medallion of a Roman mosaic of more than 100 m² discovered in 1830 in Autun, Musée Rolin, Autun, France https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/51030715337/in/photolist-2kKpKMB-2kKpKLj-2kL9jai-kymWDu-kRp2yz-kRqmyW-kRqoeE-kRqqD9-mbJ6XR Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Lakonian Black-Figure Kylix; detached fragments.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lakonian_Black-Figure_Kylix;_detached_fragments.jpg J. Getty Museum CC BY 4.0

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254883?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=sarpedon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Aphrodisias Museum Bellerophon with Pegasus 4658.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aphrodisias_Museum_Bellerophon_with_Pegasus_4658.jpg Dosseman - own work CC BY SA 4.0


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The Moirai and Erinyes of Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

The House of Theseus, detail of The first bath of Achilles mosaic, from left to right: Thesis, Peleus and the three Fates (Clotho, Lachenis and Atropos), 5th century AD, South Wing, Paphos Archaeological Park, Cyprus https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/22544931416/in/photolist-AmdEE5 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta lekythos (oil flask) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254196?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=nyx&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Atropos.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atropos.jpg Tom Oates CC BY SA 3.0

File:Schadow Grabmal Alexander 2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Schadow_Grabmal_Alexander_2.jpg Johann Gottfried Schadow / photo: Andreas Praefcke Public Domain

Clotho (Washington, DC) https://flickr.com/photos/38782010@N00/4934940912 takomabibelot CC BY 2.0

Lachesis (Washington, DC) https://flickr.com/photos/38782010@N00/4934939104 takomabibelot CC BY 2.0

Statue of Meleager https://member.worldhistory.org/image/9780/statue-of-meleager/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Klytaimnestra Erinyes Louvre Cp710.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Klytaimnestra_Erinyes_Louvre_Cp710.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-07-21 Public Domain

File:Allard Pierson Museum Hades and Persephone 7768.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Allard_Pierson_Museum_Hades_and_Persephone_7768.jpg Dosseman - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Nekyia Staatliche Antikensammlungen 1494.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nekyia_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1494.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol - own work Public Domain

Terracotta bail-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247403?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bellerophon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Orestes Delphi BM GR1917.12-10.1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orestes_Delphi_BM_GR1917.12-10.1.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

Terracotta fragment of a kylix (drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/691930?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=gaia&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Orestes Pursued by the Furies by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1862) - Google Art Project.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orestes_Pursued_by_the_Furies_by_William-Adolphe_Bouguereau_(1862)_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg / https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/orestes-pursued-by-the-furies/SQE-jakW_S49YA William-Adolphe Bouguereau Public Domain US

The so-called Ludovisi Fury, the head was probably part of a large high-relief believed to be a 2nd century AD Roman copy of a Hellenistic work, perharps a wounded Amazon, Palazzo Altemps, Rome https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/31992505153/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0


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Prometheus the Greek Titan of Forethought who Gave Fire to Humanity Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Prometheus Adam Louvre MR1745 edit atoma.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prometheus_Adam_Louvre_MR1745_edit_atoma.jpg Nicolas-Sébastien Adam Public Domain

File:Atlas (Farnese Globe).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atlas_(Farnese_Globe).jpg Gabriel Seah CC BY SA 3.0

File:Peter Paul Rubens 108.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Peter_Paul_Rubens_108.jpg The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202. / Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH GNU Free Documentation License

File:14 Parc del Laberint d'Horta, relleu de Deucalió i Pirra.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:14_Parc_del_Laberint_d%27Horta,_relleu_de_Deucalió_i_Pirra.jpg Enric - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Roman fresco depicting Prometheus creating man in the presence of Athena, from the arcosolium of a tomb near the Basilica of St. Paul, 3rd century AD, Museo della Via Ostiense, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/31140766536/ Carole Raddato
CC BY SA 2.0

File:Creation Prometheus Louvre Ma445.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Creation_Prometheus_Louvre_Ma445.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Hera Prometheus Cdm Paris 542.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hera_Prometheus_Cdm_Paris_542.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Prometheus and Atlas, Laconian black-figure kylix, by the Arkesilas Painter, 560-550 BC, inv. 16592 - Museo Gregoriano Etrusco - Vatican Museums - DSC01069.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Prometheus_and_Atlas,_Laconian_black-figure_kylix,_by_the_Arkesilas_Painter,_560-550_BC,_inv.16592-Museo_Gregoriano_Etrusco-Vatican_Museums-_DSC01069.jpg Daderot - own work CC0

File:Herakles Prometheus Louvre MNE1309.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herakles_Prometheus_Louvre_MNE1309.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-05-09 Public Domain

File:Heracles freeing Prometheus, relief from the Temple of Aphrodite at Aphrodisias.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Heracles_freeing_Prometheus,_relief_from_the_Temple_of_Aphrodite_at_Aphrodisias.jpg Hans Weingartz - self photographed CC BY SA 2.0 DE

Fragment of a terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) — enthroned Zeus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248593?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=13 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta medallion fragment https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250475?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=prometheus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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Ancient History of Winter Solstice Traditions and Sites Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

Christmas-Go-Round-SLC025501 Sounds Like Christmas 2  S.I Publishing


IMAGES:

Photo by Dyana Wing So on Unsplash Unsplash License

Photo by Laura Nyhuis on Unsplash Unsplash License

Stonehenge https://www.flickr.com/photos/garethwiscombe/1071477228/in/photostream/ thegarethwiscombe CC BY 2.0

File:Saturnalia by Antoine Callet.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Saturnalia_by_Antoine_Callet.jpg Antoine Callet CC0

File:Luxor, Egypt, Karnak.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luxor,_Egypt,_Karnak.jpg Vyacheslav Argenberg - own work CC BY 4.0

File:All Gizah Pyramids.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:All_Gizah_Pyramids.jpg Ricardo Liberato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Chaos Monster and Sun God.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chaos_Monster_and_Sun_God.png 'Monuments of Nineveh, Second Series' plate 5, London, J. Murray, 1853 Public Domain US

File:John Reinhard Weguelin–The Roman Saturnalia (1884).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Reinhard_Weguelin–The_Roman_Saturnalia_(1884).jpg John Weguelin Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:0 Autel dédié au dieu Malakbêl et aux dieux de Palmyra - Musei Capitolini (1b).JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:0_Autel_dédié_au_dieu_Malakbêl_et_aux_dieux_de_Palmyra_-Musei_Capitolini(1b).JPG User:Jean-Pol GRANDMONT (2011) CC BY 3.0

Clay oil lamp depicting Sol, 2nd century AD, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8957429033/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:David Teniers (II) - Twelfth-night (The King Drinks) - WGA22083.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:David_Teniers_(II)-Twelfth-night(The_King_Drinks)-_WGA22083.jpg David Teniers the Younger Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Die Gartenlaube (1880) b 856.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Die_Gartenlaube_(1880)_b_856.jpg Signed from Otto Fikentscher / GerWsUpload Public Domain US

File:Hillingford Yule Log.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hillingford_Yule_Log.jpg Robert Alexander Hillingford (1825-1904) / User: Yngvadottir Public Domain US / faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Red Mistletoe Ashley Winkler Unsplash License

File:GoseckSonnenobservatorium.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GoseckSonnenobservatorium.JPG Jwaller - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:2013-Sonnenobservatorium-Goseck.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:2013-Sonnenobservatorium-Goseck.jpg Kreuzschnabel Free Art License / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Stonehenge winter solstice 2012 30.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stonehenge_winter_solstice_2012_30.jpg Mike Peel CC BY SA 4.0

File:Stonehenge winter solstice 2012 22.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stonehenge_winter_solstice_2012_22.jpg Mike Peel CC BY SA 4.0

File:Irelands history.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Irelands_history.jpg Tjp finn CC BY SA 4.0


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Persephone-Kore the Goddess of Spring and Queen of the Underworld Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Head of Persephone. Earthenware. From Sicily, Centuripae, c. 420 BCE. The Burrell Collection, Glasgow, UK.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Head_of_Persephone._Earthenware._From_Sicily,_Centuripae,_c._420_BCE._The_Burrell_Collection,_Glasgow,_UK.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta votive plaque dedicated by Ninnion to the two great goddesses of Eleusis, middle of 4th century BC, Archaeological Museum of Athens, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16185734835/in/photolist-NaYnn6-pAJyJ4-qEh84H-oWqSvp-NfonKJ-e3aDWk-nqJSs4-eDAGbW-MkSAJQ-pHhjGG-eDuoh4-NaYDWZ-qVbXjd-kykaYt-NizMmR-eDupBM-dtTk8J-NaXSGa-ntUzdw-MtZqEs-eDAxPW-bApMMW-bPjuc6-AkkJoy-bPjxAr-bApK6y-bPjprg-bPjo7V-bPjnsK-bPjtyz-LTkTcV Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Triptolemos Kore Louvre G452 full.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Triptolemos_Kore_Louvre_G452_full.jpg Jastrow (2007) Public Domain

File:Klytaimnestra Erinyes Louvre Cp710.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Klytaimnestra_Erinyes_Louvre_Cp710.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-07-21 Public Domain

Terracotta hydria (water jar) — abduction of Persephone https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247597?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=persephone&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=8 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Pinax (votive tablet) with the abduction of Persephone and winged horses, from the sanctuary of Persephone at Locri Epizefiri (Italy), 460-450 BC, Monsters. Fantastic Creatures of Fear and Myth Exhibition, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/12836647143/in/photolist-NaYnn6-pAJyJ4-qEh84H-oWqSvp-NfonKJ-e3aDWk-nqJSs4-eDAGbW-MkSAJQ-pHhjGG-eDuoh4-NaYDWZ-qVbXjd-kykaYt-NizMmR-eDupBM-dtTk8J-NaXSGa-ntUzdw-MtZqEs-eDAxPW-bApMMW-bPjuc6-AkkJoy-bPjxAr-bApK6y-bPjprg-bPjo7V-bPjnsK-bPjtyz-LTkTcV Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) — Persephone ascending from the underworld https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/252973?ft=persephone&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta fragment of a votive relief https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255937?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=persephone&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water) — Persephone, Aphrodite and Adonis https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248580?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=persephone&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=15 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Apulian red-figured volute krater with scenes of the Underworld, ca. 340-330 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8956890919/in/photolist-NaYnn6-pAJyJ4-qEh84H-oWqSvp-NfonKJ-e3aDWk-nqJSs4-eDAGbW-MkSAJQ-pHhjGG-eDuoh4-NaYDWZ-qVbXjd-kykaYt-NizMmR-eDupBM-dtTk8J-NaXSGa-ntUzdw-MtZqEs-eDAxPW-bApMMW-bPjuc6-AkkJoy-bPjxAr-bApK6y-bPjprg-bPjo7V-bPjnsK-bPjtyz-LTkTcV Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Fetching Kerberos Met 08.258.21.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fetching_Kerberos_Met_08.258.21.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011) CC BY 2.5

File:Pittore di busiride, hydria ceretana con ercole, cerbero, euristeo e cavalli alati, 525 ac ca. 01.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pittore_di_busiride,_hydria_ceretana_con_ercole,_cerbero,_euristeo_e_cavalli_alati,_525_ac_ca._01.jpg Sailko CC BY SA 4.0

File:Nekyia Staatliche Antikensammlungen 1494.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nekyia_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1494.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

File:Pittore di dolon, cratere lucano a figure rosse, con ulisse che consulta lo spirito di tiresia e giud. di paride, 380 ac. ca 03.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pittore_di_dolon,_cratere_lucano_a_figure_rosse,_con_ulisse_che_consulta_lo_spirito_di_tiresia_e_giud._di_paride,_380_ac._ca_03.JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Marble sarcophagus fragment https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250926?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=meleager&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Ten marble fragments of the Great Eleusinian Relief https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248899?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=persephone&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Hydrie - Mystères d'Eleusis (face A).jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hydrie_-Mystères_d%27Eleusis(face_A).jpg Œuvre appartenant au musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon CC BY SA 3.0

General view of sanctuary of Demeter and Kore and the Telesterion (Initiation Hall), center for the Eleusinian Mysteries, Eleusis https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8191841684/in/photolist-dtTk8J-9eapdu-LQQrqA-LQQtd3-2m91LLT-LQQpay-2m8WZbm-nfkwht-pHhg87-eDuoh4-ncywBp-rRbgBi-2m91NVT-MtZqEs-M1ok92-qBRfdW-eDupBM-qDwksD-nviWTX-L4fPnw-eDAxPW-LXt9Gu-qmGEkU-LTnKcT-LTnJax-neAZmK-LTnQ6k-L4tnsD-LTnNHF-pGfQRE-qDfAQm-LTnRGX-qB3fH7-qDfz7V-qAYbLC-pGiUpf-pGtYNz-qD7cxV-qDfH4M-LGGh9e-qAYEzy-qmHCbJ-qDfn7Q-pGuiHt-ne7uhY-qmTSSz-L3iGni-ncyuZN-qD9LQn-ndhkW3 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Persephone Hades BM Vase E82.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Persephone_Hades_BM_Vase_E82.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2007 CC BY 2.5


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Hestia the Greek Goddess of the Hearth and Home Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Hestia.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hestia.jpg User: Vinicius F.J CC0

Terracotta pelike (jar) - Kronos and Rheahttps://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247308?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kronos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fragment of a terracotta calyx-krater (mixing bowl) - Apollo https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250949?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=25 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Procession of Twelve Gods and Goddesses https://art.thewalters.org/detail/38764/procession-of-twelve-gods-and-goddesses/ Walters Art Museum CC0

File:Hestia Giustiniani.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hestia_Giustiniani.jpg Giustiniani Hestia (Museo Torlonia copy) / User: Shuishouyue Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:20190508 076 pylos nestor.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20190508_076_pylos_nestor.jpg Jean Housen - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Priene Bouleuterion 2009 04 28.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Priene_Bouleuterion_2009_04_28.jpg Zigomar - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:East pediment KLM Parthenon BM.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:East_pediment_KLM_Parthenon_BM.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen CC BY 2.5

File:Altar, part, marble, inscription, 5th–4th c BC, AM Paros, 144002.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Altar,_part,_marble,_inscription,_5th–4th_c_BC,_AM_Paros,_144002.jpg Zoe - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:VestalisMaxima.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:VestalisMaxima.jpg Rabax63 - own work CC BY SA 4.0


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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


Hestia the Greek Goddess of the Hearth and Home Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Hestia.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hestia.jpg User: Vinicius F.J CC0

Terracotta pelike (jar) - Kronos and Rheahttps://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247308?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kronos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fragment of a terracotta calyx-krater (mixing bowl) - Apollo https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250949?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=25 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Procession of Twelve Gods and Goddesses https://art.thewalters.org/detail/38764/procession-of-twelve-gods-and-goddesses/ Walters Art Museum CC0

File:Hestia Giustiniani.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hestia_Giustiniani.jpg Giustiniani Hestia (Museo Torlonia copy) / User: Shuishouyue Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:20190508 076 pylos nestor.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20190508_076_pylos_nestor.jpg Jean Housen - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Priene Bouleuterion 2009 04 28.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Priene_Bouleuterion_2009_04_28.jpg Zigomar - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:East pediment KLM Parthenon BM.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:East_pediment_KLM_Parthenon_BM.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen CC BY 2.5

File:Altar, part, marble, inscription, 5th–4th c BC, AM Paros, 144002.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Altar,_part,_marble,_inscription,_5th–4th_c_BC,_AM_Paros,_144002.jpg Zoe - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:VestalisMaxima.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:VestalisMaxima.jpg Rabax63 - own work CC BY SA 4.0


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Dionysus the God of Wine, Festivity, and Theatre Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Terracotta neck-amphora (storage jar) - Obverse and reverse, Dionysos with satyrs and maenads. https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256051?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=29 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta bell-krater (mixing bowl) - Zeus and Hera enthroned https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/249090?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=41 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta pelike (jar) - Dionysos and a satyr https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247312?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=27 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:(Toulouse) Nymphe appelée Ino ou Dotô Saint-Rustice - Musée Saint-Raymond Ra 20b.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:(Toulouse)Nymphe_appelée_Ino_ou_Dotô_Saint-Rustice-_Musée_Saint-Raymond_Ra_20b.jpg Didier Descouens - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Marble statue of Aphrodite https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254697?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fresco Panel Depicting Dionysos and Ariadne https://www.getty.edu/art/collection/object/103Y07 Getty Open Content Program CC BY 4.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255125?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=ariadne&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Dioniso seduto, officina neoattica, I sec dc, 6728.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dioniso_seduto,_officina_neoattica,_I_sec_dc,_6728.JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta - Dionysus holding a kantharos https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246933?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=26 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) - obverse https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247965?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thyrsos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=18 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) - reverse https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247965?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thyrsos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=18 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta oinochoe: chous (jug) - The return of Hephaistos to Mount Olympos https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248094?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Satyr kantharos lyre CdM De Ridder 812.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Satyr_kantharos_lyre_CdM_De_Ridder_812.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2010) CC BY 2.5

File:Silenos Midas Met 49.11.1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Silenos_Midas_Met_49.11.1.jpg © Marie-Lan Nguyen CC BY 2.5

File:Madness Lycurgus BM VaseF271.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Madness_Lycurgus_BM_VaseF271.jpg Jastrow (2007) CC BY 2.5

Fragment of a terrracotta volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) - Pentheus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250825?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thyrsos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=17 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Black figure Kylix (drinking cup) depicting Dionysus crossing the sea, ca. 530 BC, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8958045452/in/photolist-eDAjPw-pwhJuy-qvgfvG-box5v4-cn2ki9-cn2bGJ-cn2aGW-cn2ry9-KxVvYG-dn9qrv-AtEaBC-X8nUKF-AtEgVE-AuREux-oRTpDV-y45NLu-boxiBK-nof7Fm-uEVSht-iyGzRA-boxb7v-box3ND-cn2jwj-zxPG9N-Asyfcm-BEQidy-CLeT3q-C7XxPx-cn2f2N-zxPMq9-dn9qdJ-boxk7z-KVcugQ-AvSZqr-bowULx-q3FfCe-L9rNMY-dn9ob6-dn9w9W-cn2uWJ-cn2pvo-pNZRQt-AdfHay-fGeLv3-dn9syy-dn9qYs-x9wbpz-rsaDcU-AtEuxU-dn9pTg Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:MosaicEpiphany-of-Dionysus.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MosaicEpiphany-of-Dionysus.jpg Unkown / user: Karmakolle Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

The Indian Triumph of Dionysus mosaic, early 4th century AD, it once decorated a dining room (triclinium) in Setifis, Archaeological Museum of Setif https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/52482529087/in/photolist-2nXGFra-9ZC2Rw-9ZBWFd-2nXMAJ2-e3aCPZ-2nXKeiX-pNLes5-2nXLC6B-Wy6vif-Wy694b-Tbr6yH-h3Fy7b-8UrzFu-9e321e-8WsUd2-vkjrxv-2kwhuJM-zxQZCU-zxPNPS-h3GsPp-h3GwYr-cn2mi7-h3Fdiz-bpgr98-AsysGm-C7XwJM-BG5qQy-kxNCSv-bowZn2-h3GtJa-cn2cGN-9e7gtv-h3GuRv-GWNpbX-CgVj1E-zK2sxr-dn9uoH-bowQec-bowSBD-2nXGFV1-y5w2AY-bowN2P-eDAjPw-pwhJuy-qvgfvG-box5v4-8GUT6i-cn2ki9-8GY1q5-cn2bGJ Carole Raddato
CC BY SA 2.0

File:Dioniso scopre arianna, da casa dei capitelli colorati a pompei, 9278.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Dioniso_scopre_arianna,_da_casa_dei_capitelli_colorati_a_pompei,_9278.JPG Silk - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Heiligtum des Dionysos (Yria) 05.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heiligtum_des_Dionysos_(Yria)_05.jpg Olaf Tausch - own work CC BY 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Getty Villa - Collection https://www.flickr.com/photos/29797746@N08/5305547688 Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup CC BY SA 2.0

File:Neck amphora with Dionysian scene, , c. 500 BC, L 213 - Martin von Wagner Museum - Würzburg, Germany - DSC05564.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Neck_amphora_with_Dionysian_scene,_,_c._500_BC,L_213-Martin_von_Wagner_Museum-_Würzburg,Germany-_DSC05564.jpg Daderot - own work CC0


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Zeus, God of the Sky and King of the Olympian Gods Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Jupiter Smyrna Louvre Ma13.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jupiter_Smyrna_Louvre_Ma13.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen - own work Public Domain

Terracotta amphora (jar) - Poseidon and Nike https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247315?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=15 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta pelike (jar) — Kronos and Rhea https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247308?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kronos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Château de Rambouillet - Laiterie de la Reine salle 2-9.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Château_de_Rambouillet_-_Laiterie_de_la_Reine_salle_2-9.JPG Chatsam - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta Nolan neck-amphora (jar) - obverse Zeus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246589?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=14 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Polyphemus head Colosseum.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polyphemus_head_Colosseum.JPG Steven Lek - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta bell-krater (mixing bowl) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/249090?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=41 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta oinochoe: chous (jug) - Ganymede https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251399?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=42 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta stamnos (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255899?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=45 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta kylix (drinking cup) - The birth of Athena https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247515?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=43 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta squat lekythos (oil flask) - Apollo, Leto and Artemis https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251833?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=artemis+apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Statue of Dionysos leaning on a female figure ("Hope Dionysos") https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255973?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Statue of Hercules from Perge, reproduced in the late 2nd century AD from the 4th century BC original by Lysippos, Antalya Museum, Turkey https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/51024775858/in/photolist-cGiaSE-2kFrb4z-2kJTjbN-Qs4rVq-22o5Uiq-a1yGCu-c163Ub-oq7t4y-oq7qPo-mUfW6Z-L7iFwd-nxNJeq-nv1RKF-eDAj9q-sFY5qw-h4vuY2-eabez4-dyD8h1-nrCYAL-nviBrk-nviCwg-mUfNkZ-ndP2Gk-dNDAP8-dNkx5t-nx5DKR-nHQs5g-P2nb1t-Lt1aTj-CMzf5b-2edKNLw-Qx43BK-ngvfnD-nrDaZp-ncotrq Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Dionysos Horai Louvre MR720.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dionysos_Horai_Louvre_MR720.jpg Jastrow (2005) Public Domain

The Abduction of Europa, ca. AD 200 - 300, from Byblos, National Museum of Beirut, Lebanon https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/49574701012/in/photolist-2iwKism-2mQqSE9-wYaLDq-2kGZR2a-ZEYBRq-2iRXgEz-T7xJoC-2kyH8tz-2kzUNg6-QWKqf4-Tce2KC-22o5Uiq-SYJaJR-2kyCNy4-ZHJR3p-SYJbPg-2htPPW5-QLoYGM-2ihxdS1-Ds78xH-2ihxcC2-2ihydBf-ndDRtR-2adVYeK-2ka4M36-2kzUqHL-2kzV4XM-2kzUqFw-D67d6V-bncw58-TYVF3j-2ihxdco-qB6zzc-2ihuLf9-ZEXDt5-2ihuLiA-byGFhm-2ihxcSL-byGvhb-byGDzS-AsysGm-2ihuMbh-byGCz3-byGsuU-XdFmD1-bMBdJk-rP1UpS-byGrGG-bMB5PR-D9fQpU Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar) — The infant Herakles strangling snakes sent by the goddess Hera https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251790?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=54 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) - zeus and a giant https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248093?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=58 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Prometheus and Atlas, Laconian black-figure kylix, by the Arkesilas Painter, 560-550 BC, inv. 16592 - Museo Gregoriano Etrusco - Vatican Museums - DSC01069.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prometheus_and_Atlas,_Laconian_black-figure_kylix,_by_the_Arkesilas_Painter,_560-550_BC,_inv.16592-Museo_Gregoriano_Etrusco-Vatican_Museums-_DSC01069.jpg Daderot - own work CC0

File:Nekyia Staatliche Antikensammlungen 1494 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nekyia_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1494_n2.jpg Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

Statue of Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine and healing, holding the symbolic Rod of Asclepius with its coiled serpent, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/49680067132/in/photolist-dNr3EA-2iG4k8A-2jct5B3-QGwD9j-9KrCbs-dn9Qjd-9eaemN-pFoTSL-bkzvBU-2nXn4Nu-bkJRmA-eamNzS-eaWH7C-NHR6DP-eR21e7-bkzwcd-cHPiy9-e9AKYt-CnvcC7-eafdzj-EwwGES-2nXrZyF-21zg6oh-D1CLMp-BSeWjZ-D1Cy2K-22DPbcM-EwwNzs-D1CMJK-HH2Ewc-dNkxGt-2nXr3bq-2nXn4Db-2nXr38u-2nXsqio-2nXrZww-2nXsq9A Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Pompeii - Casa dei Vettii - Ixion.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pompeii_-Casa_dei_Vettii-_Ixion.jpg WolfgangRieger Public Domain

File:Zeus Casting Thunderbolts, Dodona 470 BC, Antikensammlung Berlin, 141640.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zeus_Casting_Thunderbolts,_Dodona_470_BC,_Antikensammlung_Berlin,_141640.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) - the pankration https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247221?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=olympic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Calyx-krater olympian assembly MAN.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Calyx-krater_olympian_assembly_MAN.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2008-05-02 CC BY 2.5

File:Stater Zeus Lampsacus CdM.jpg [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stater_Zeus_Lampsacus_CdM.jpg])https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stater_Zeus_Lampsacus_CdM.jpg_ Jastrow (2010) Public Domain

Fragment of a terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) - enthroned Zeus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248593?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=zeus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=13 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


LINK TO LICENSES

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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


King Tutankhamun and the Discovery of His Tomb Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Early Life of Tutankhaten Head of Tutankhamun https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544690?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=tutankhamun&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Nofretete Neues Museum.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nofretete_Neues_Museum.jpg Philip Pikart - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Canopic Jar (07.226.1) with a Lid Depicting a Queen (30.8.54) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544689?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=akhenaten&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=58 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Statuette of Amenhotep III https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/545898?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=amenhotep&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=33 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Akhenaten with one of his girls, detail of an altarpiece of a shrine. God Aten and his cartouches appear. C. 1345 BCE. From Amarna, Egypt. Neues Museum.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Akhenaten_with_one_of_his_girls,_detail_of_an_altarpiece_of_a_shrine._God_Aten_and_his_cartouches_appear._C._1345_BCE._From_Amarna,_Egypt._Neues_Museum.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Akhenaten Sacrificing a Duck https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544056?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=akhenaten&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Tutankhamun tomb photographs 4 326.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tutankhamun_tomb_photographs_4_326.jpg Harry Burton (1879-1940) / user: Einsamer Schütze Public Domain US

King Tutankhamun's tomb goods: statue of the King with walking stick and flail DSC_0957 https://www.flickr.com/photos/wbaiv/45658787402/in/photolist-2bfrfwx-NNPsYP-2bfreCZ-29SzHQE-2cDbZe6-2bx9Vff-QvnQkq-2bxa1gs-2bfq9ck-2cuBeP5-2bbgXBH-29SyMks-QvnQbY-2cyJ23A-2bfrgb8-2cDcfXa-29Sz6JS-2bfqxvV-2baTzXU-29SzuMA-2bbgY8x-2cyHcrd-2cuBf31-NNPx5K-NSX9WB-2cgXLSz-2cyHdLs-MpG7eH-2bbgYiH-29Sz4t9-2cgXLdP-2cgXUir-NNPtbH-2bbgXGx-2bfq7Uk-23CJZiY-NNPxEn-2cyHgVd-NNPsRp-2cyHcab-MpG6Qg-2baTEd7-2baTDhj-NSXfiD-2baTzFS Bill Abbott CC BY SA 2.0

File:Spaziergang im Garten Amarna Berlin.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spaziergang_im_Garten_Amarna_Berlin.jpg Photo: Andreas Praefcke Public Domain

Pharaoh Tutankhamun Buste de Toutânkhamon (musée du Caire / Egypte) https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/1815597310/ Jean-Pierre Dalbéra CC BY 2.0

File:Respaldo del trono de oro de Tutankamón.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Respaldo_del_trono_de_oro_de_Tutankamón.jpg Djehouty - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Amun & Tutankhamun https://member.worldhistory.org/image/3696/amun--tutankhamun/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Luxor Museum Statue Amun 02.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luxor_Museum_Statue_Amun_02.jpg Olaf Tausch - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Paris - Toutânkhamon, le Trésor du Pharaon - Eventail dit de la chasse à l'autruche en bois doré - 002.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Paris_-_Toutânkhamon,le_Trésor_du_Pharaon-Eventail_dit_de_la_chasse_à_l%27autruche_en_bois_doré-_002.jpg Thesupermat - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Nuovo regno, XVIII dinastia, statua di tutankhamon, da luxor, 1334 ac. 02.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nuovo_regno,_XVIII_dinastia,_statua_di_tutankhamon,_da_luxor,_1334_ac._02.jpg Sailko - own work CC BY 3.0

The Death and Burial of Tutankhamun File:Tutankhamun (mummy) 2022.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tutankhamun_(mummy)_2022.jpg Onceinawhile - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Tuts Tomb Opened.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tuts_Tomb_Opened.JPG The New York Times Public Domain US

File:Inside Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb, 18th dynasty.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Inside_Pharaoh_Tutankhamun%27s_tomb,_18th_dynasty.jpg EditorfromMars - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Cairo museum 4.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cairo_museum_4.jpg Leon petrosyan - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:The unbroken seal on Tutankhamun’s tomb, 1922.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_unbroken_seal_on_Tutankhamun’s_tomb,_1922.jpg Harry Burton (English, 1879–1940) / User Andrew J.Kurbiko Public Domain US

File:Anuk.PNG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anuk.PNG Tiger cub - own work Public Domain US

File:Karnak9.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Karnak9.JPG Rémih - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Tutankhamun in the 20th and 21st Century File:Howard Carter 1924.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Howard_Carter_1924.jpg National Photo Company Collection (Library of Congress) Public Domain US

File:Howard Carter opening mummy of King Tut cph.3b08637.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Howard_Carter_opening_mummy_of_King_Tut_cph.3b08637.jpg Library of Congress Public Domain US

File:Howard Carter in the King Tutankhamen's tomb.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Howard_Carter_in_the_King_Tutankhamen%27s_tomb.jpg Harry Burton Public Domain US

File:Tutankhamun tomb photographs 2 008.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tutankhamun_tomb_photographs_2_008.jpg Harry Burton (1879-1940) / user: Einsamer Schütze Public Domain US

File:CairoEgMuseumTaaMaskMostlyPhotographed.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CairoEgMuseumTaaMaskMostlyPhotographed.jpg Roland Unger - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Tutanhkamun innermost coffin.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tutanhkamun_innermost_coffin.jpg Jon Bodsworth The copyright holder of this work allows anyone to use it for any purpose including unrestricted redistribution, commercial use, and modification.


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Atalanta, a Huntress and Heroine of Greek Mythology Images and Attribution

MUSIC USED: The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Atalanta Lepautre Louvre MR1804.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atalanta_Lepautre_Louvre_MR1804.jpg Jastrow (2007) CC BY 2.5

File:Atalanta Vatican Inv2784.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atalanta_Vatican_Inv2784.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Atalanta Peleus Staatliche Antikensammlungen 596.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atalanta_Peleus_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_596.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol - own work Public Domain

Part of a panel from a mosaic pavement: Atalanta, on horseback hunts a lion, from a Roman Villa at Halicarnassus, 4th century AD, British Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/17405498930/in/photolist-sw4Jr9-QT3TeE-RstkYa-Rstn6R-QaXxNf-QT3XSC-bk687L Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Meleager Painter ARV 1411 39 Meleager and Atalante - youths.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Meleager_Painter_ARV_1411_39_Meleager_and_Atalante_-_youths.jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Roman Sarcophagus (Detail) https://member.worldhistory.org/image/1176/roman-sarcophagus-detail/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Wall painting - Meleagros and Atalanta - Pompeii (VI 9 3) - Napoli MAN 8980.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wall_painting_-Meleagros_and_Atalanta-Pompeii(VI_9_3)_-_Napoli_MAN_8980.jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Kleitias e vasaio ergotimos, cratere françois, 570 ac ca. giochi funebri per patroclo 03.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kleitias_e_vasaio_ergotimos,_cratere_françois,_570_ac_ca._giochi_funebri_per_patroclo_03.JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Relief decorating the seating area entrances of the Roman Amphitheatre, Calydonian Boar hunt, Capua Gladiator Museum, Capua https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/6779580604/in/photolist-sw4Jr9-QT3TeE-RstkYa-Rstn6R-QaXxNf-QT3XSC-bk687L Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Douris (attr.), lekythos di atalanta, 500-490 ac ca. 02.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Douris_(attr.),_lekythos_di_atalanta,_500-490_ac_ca._02.jpg Sailko - own work CC BY 3.0

Bronze statuette of Aphrodite with silver eyes https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255409?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=25 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Statue Hippomène Atalante Parc St Cloud 3.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Statue_Hippomène_Atalante_Parc_St_Cloud_3.jpg Chabe01 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Three-handled jug with relief medallions https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250096?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=atalanta&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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Who are the Nine Muses of Greek Mythology? Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Relief slab from a pedestal, three Muses holding musical instruments and scrolls, found in Mantineia, it formed the revetment of a pedestal for the statues of the Delian trinity (Leto, Apollo & Artemis), c. 340 BC, National Archaeological Museum of Athens https://www.flickr.com/photos/41523983@N08/26598775072/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Relief slab from a pedestal, three Muses holding musical instruments and scrolls, found in Mantineia, it formed the revetment of a pedestal for the statues of the Delian trinity (Leto, Apollo & Artemis), c. 340 BC, National Archaeological Museum of Athens https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/26087652473/in/photostream/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Achilles Painter ARV 997 155 two Muses on mount Helikon (03).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Achilles_Painter_ARV_997_155_two_Muses_on_mount_Helikon_(03).jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta amphoriskos (flask) — Apollo playing the lyre for Ourania https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250777?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=muse&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Vichten Roman Mosaic https://flickr.com/photos/168399512@N02/51184086202 TimeTravelRome CC BY 2.0

Fresco fragment depicting Urania, Muse of astronomy, from the House of Julia Felix in Pompeii, 62-79 AD, Empire of colour. From Pompeii to Southern Gaul, Musée Saint-Raymond Toulouse https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16092353008/in/photolist-2kNwjai-qw2vUd-p6AUge-fFXxYc-qNwsiL-pFgzUo-2kNwjnY Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Muses sarcophagus Louvre MR880.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Muses_sarcophagus_Louvre_MR880.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Muse reading Louvre CA2220 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Muse_reading_Louvre_CA2220_n2.jpg Jastrow (2008) Public Domain

File:Ny Carlsberg Glyptothek - Melpomene.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ny_Carlsberg_Glyptothek_-_Melpomene.jpg Wolfgang Sauber - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Marble sarcophagus with the contest between the Muses and the Sirens https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248205?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=muse&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Muse Thalia-Hermitage.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Muse_Thalia-Hermitage.jpg Yair Haklai - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License


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Poseidon the Ancient Greek God of the Sea and Horses Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Terracotta lekythos (oil flask) — Poseidon pursuing a woman https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254311?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=26 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:DSC00363 - Mosaico delle stagioni (epoca romana) - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:DSC00363_-Mosaico_delle_stagioni(epoca_romana)_-_Foto_G._Dall%27Orto.jpg G.dallorto - own work CC BY SA 2.5

File:Poseidon with fish Nationalmuseet 13407.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Poseidon_with_fish_Nationalmuseet_13407.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen CC BY 4.0

File:Poseidon enthroned De Ridder 418 CdM Paris.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Poseidon_enthroned_De_Ridder_418_CdM_Paris.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2008-04-04 CC BY 2.5

File:House of the Neptune Mosaic (7254082844).jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/the-consortium/7254082844/in/photolist-c4256S-c425kh-c423Tm-c424Vj-c424iW-c423VS-c425Rs-c425vA-c425F9-c426gs-c427c7-c424HC-c424ys-c423Hw-c423u9-c4266Y-c426Rw-c426ud-c426EU-c423RQ-ajQnKB-c4273E-c427mm-ajTnyw-ajQwJa-ajTjNh-ajTkG9-ajTiJf-ajQxPg-ajQxnk-ajQzYe-c5qQV3-ajSvZy-c5qued-ajSvN3-ajQvfi-c5qu8b-ajSvU7-ajTjEh-c9DXJm-c9DWwh-ajQwnM-ajTkgQ-ajQkcZ-ajTkrQ-ajT9WA-ajQypz-ajTjcq-c9DWTd-ajQkip Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup from Centennial, CO, USA CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta hydria (water jar) — Herakles fighting Triton https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247220?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=triton&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=10 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fragment of a terracotta volute-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) — Pegasus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250869?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=pegasus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta Nolan neck-amphora (jar) — Poseidon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254184?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar) — Poseidon riding a seahorse https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251134?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=13 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Besançon (Doubs) - Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie - Mosaïque "Le triomphe de Neptune" https://www.flickr.com/photos/78775886@N06/52104725529/ Patrick CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) — Theseus and the Minotaur https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251112?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=minotaur&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Getty Villa - Collection (5304703605).jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/the-consortium/5304703605/ Dave & Margie Hill / Kleerup from Centennial, CO, USA CC BY SA 2.0

File:Athena Poseidon Louvre CA7426.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Athena_Poseidon_Louvre_CA7426.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2007) / Jastrow Public Domain

File:Crátera con escena en la que Poseidón y Atenea rivalizan por la posesión de Atenas. Grupo de Nápoles 3227 - M.A.N.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crátera_con_escena_en_la_que_Poseidón_y_Atenea_rivalizan_por_la_posesión_de_Atenas.Grupo_de_Nápoles_3227-_M.A.N.jpg Dorieo / Jerónimo Roure Pérez CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta kylix (drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255939?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=14 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Odysseus Polyphemos Cdm Paris 190.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Odysseus_Polyphemos_Cdm_Paris_190.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-05-31 Public Domain

File:Amth20.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amth20.jpg O.Mustafin - own work CC0

Linear B Tablet from Palace at Pylos, 13th Cent. BC https://www.flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/28461333165/ Gary Todd CC0

File:Temple of Poseidon at Isthmia, 202725.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Temple_of_Poseidon_at_Isthmia,_202725.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion, Greece.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Temple_of_Poseidon_at_Cape_Sounion,_Greece.jpg Petroskaz - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Greece Cape Sounion BW 2017-10-09 10-14-11.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Greece_Cape_Sounion_BW_2017-10-09_10-14-11.jpg Berthold Werner - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250547?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=30 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta amphora (jar) — Poseidon and Nike https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247315?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=poseidon&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=15 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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The Greek Myth of Pandora's Jar Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Pandora - John William Waterhouse.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pandora_-_John_William_Waterhouse.jpg John William Waterhouse Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Pandora medal 1854.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pandora_medal_1854.jpg H. Weigall / user: Sweetpool50 Public Domain US

calyx-krater [https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1856-1213-1](https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1856-1213-10 British Museum British Museum Licensing CC BY NC SA 4.0

Roman fresco depicting Prometheus creating man in the presence of Athena, from the arcosolium of a tomb near the Basilica of St. Paul, 3rd century AD, Museo della Via Ostiense, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/31140766536/in/photolist-NWwkKE-PrNyXS-bsaUtC-9ZBuPu-bknLCm-bknMWW-byhHV4-q6c1Cd-byhFaR-byhJwH-byhHez-NWwmwj Carole Raddato CC BY SA 3.0

File:Creation Prometheus Louvre Ma445.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Creation_Prometheus_Louvre_Ma445.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Prometheus and Atlas, Laconian black-figure kylix, by the Arkesilas Painter, 560-550 BC, inv. 16592 - Museo Gregoriano Etrusco - Vatican Museums - DSC01069.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Prometheus_and_Atlas,_Laconian_black-figure_kylix,_by_the_Arkesilas_Painter,_560-550_BC,_inv.16592-Museo_Gregoriano_Etrusco-Vatican_Museums-_DSC01069.jpg Daderot - own work CC0

File:Heracles freeing Prometheus, relief from the Temple of Aphrodite at Aphrodisias.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heracles_freeing_Prometheus,_relief_from_the_Temple_of_Aphrodite_at_Aphrodisias.jpg Hans Weingartz - self photographed CC BY-SA 2.0 DE

calyx-krater [https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1856-1213-1](https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1856-1213-10 British Museum British Museum Licensing CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Pandora Loison cour Carree Louvre.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pandora_Loison_cour_Carree_Louvre.jpg Jastrow - own work CC BY 2.5

Terracotta hydria (water jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247244 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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The Development of Ancient Greek Architecture Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14012827571/in/photolist-nmgprn-nmzVb9-byGvhb-AEjFaG-cn1ir9-njvh7w-ApLbaW-nb2Fde-nnV7MZ-sbLVPn-dN2i1z-bynSrG-9KJ9eK-qEC8hR-dXZXdL-nKhwuJ-nHhdkb-nojbd2-nK2Q8r-nmxBDF-sn9fU7-nK2TKM-JYFdCm-nnVrmc-ndynKP-nv5R1u-ndyefa-nyAiMi-nkrhV3-nmzZ3h-yV8rC3-notjNX-9KLY1S-nzE2y2-nui9sA-nkrBU5-ftQ9dA-D2Tcy6-yfR6rB-dtTk8J-nnutET-bPgKCV-nyACbx-nkLbzG-Hx4PAg-c18w3E-RTjm6w-qWU1P6-nxTfqH-Ds7bcv Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:View of Hephaisteion of Athens in 2008 2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:View_of_Hephaisteion_of_Athens_in_2008_2.jpg © Guillaume Piolle CC BY 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Marble column from the Temple of Artemis at Sardis https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/252453 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:GR-naxos-kinidaros-marmor-alexander.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GR-naxos-kinidaros-marmor-alexander.jpg Bgabel - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Parthenon https://flickr.com/photos/33735662@N00/30276156187 Phanatic CC BY SA 2.0

File:Erechtheum Acropolis Athens.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Erechtheum_Acropolis_Athens.jpg Jebulon - own work CC0

File:Ancient Delos.jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/35026367@N00/274468975 Graham McLellan CC BY 2.0

Slab of the Amazonomachy frieze from the Mausoleum at Halikarnassos, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, British Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16897971954/in/photolist-rKdwm3-noVxc3-bKWn5F-bMhxjr-bwYMQo-bMhJPi-qTZbJ4-9HhGu2-wiJfoD-nodLKi-byKc7m-D9fQpU-nuMkSb-nv3MPz-9HhHE6-ApL9fy-uVsHFG-SVXmc7-dNDKYV-bMDX28-norriU-noduVy-bx3fA1-ug2VyS-As26R2-nb8n9L-zarak1-nkJ6ma-nG5RJE-bPgTnt-dN2hNe-nCTnjU-fFXxYc-Ds78xH-rUcfH1-ndymPD-nmxD1D-Tbr6yH-byqbtu-c5EX8j-nM78AK-byporJ-c5EWk5-nsQxme-norAmA-nKjMXz-nt19Yh-dNDBfB-nKhBX7-nsQACV Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Temple of Hephaestus and Athena, built in 449 BC, Athens https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14077314621/in/photolist-naL24d-nqdjKW-eDxkZZ-nsfi2t-nqcQMw-nsidCw-nrXVc4-naKNsi-nrXTvi-nqcRS7-nrY9Lj Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

The temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion from the northeast, (built circa 440 BC), Cape Sounion, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13898094024/in/photolist-nb8n9L-9KJaHe-dvnQwm-p1KcyA-no7zEp-nG5RJE-nkCuy1-nsMYc7-nb4w2U-ns7Q9G-nb37CG-nkvZxF-dtTk8J-bApMMW-nuvud5-nb45kJ-nwhYT1-nsrnVJ-nrCWKD-9LVSwP-9KHYnx-byqZTC-nKUwxV-nb1tTT-bPjuc6-9KJ3x8-nrCMvY-dvnYoh-nb1CUD-nb2rLx-nLa7aQ-dP2ESJ-nJ8gdX-ndymPD-ntBMeB-nrCz3x-nsQ5Gp-naZQhi-nG61fs-nsQ526-nM7oFp-ntChWa-9KJ9eK-nrCH6L-nKjSYB-nG5Wu1-nKhwuJ-nsQxme-nHhdkb-nHWm4s Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:British Museum from NE 2 (cropped).JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:British_Museum_from_NE_2_(cropped).JPG Ham - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Massimo Pigliucci-Stoa of Attalos.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Massimo_Pigliucci-Stoa_of_Attalos.jpg w:Massimo Pigliucci CC BY 4.0

File:The stoa of Abaton or Enkoimeterion at the Sanctuary of Asclepius in Epidaurus.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_stoa_of_Abaton_or_Enkoimeterion_at_the_Sanctuary_of_Asclepius_in_Epidaurus.jpg George E. Koronaios - own work CC0

File:Ancient Greek theatre in Delos 01.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ancient_Greek_theatre_in_Delos_01.jpg Bernard Gagnon - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Delfoi temple skyline view.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Delfoi_temple_skyline_view.jpg Filippos Marinakis - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Athen Akropolis (18512008726).jpg https://flickr.com/photos/132646954@N02/18512008726 dronepicr CC BY 2.0

The great theatre of Epidaurus, built in the 4th century BC, Sanctuary of Asklepios at Epidaurus, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/49706925753/in/photolist-2iJqZgg-2iG37Kk-2iG4ALQ-2iFZYrh-2iG4Bp3-2iJ1H1T-2iFZpFn-pWHM3P-2iHWnr1-2iG37Gj-2iHWnpc-T5PMts-2iG381F-2iG37Nr-2e85wYj-2iHZ61s-2iG37YS-2iFZpgj-2iG37HG-2iG4APq-2iFZoXU-2iFZoT5-2iG4B43-2iFZpTg-2iG387n-2iFZpvc-2fdZGVM-2iHZ681-T5PPoQ-2iG37qh-2e85zpG-24BtAVT-2e85wym-T5PR7Q-2f9jP2Y-T5PRG7-T5PRo1-2iG37rQ-2iG37xS-2iG4B2Q-2iG37uA-2iG37Di-2iFZpoU-2iG4Bj8-2iG4BEi-nodLKi-2iG3858-2iG37io-2iG37Q5-2iG37Uy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Stadium Entrance, Olympia https://member.worldhistory.org/image/426/stadium-entrance-olympia/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Stadion of Nemea.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stadion_of_Nemea.jpg Robin Iversen Rönnlund - own work CC BY SA 3.0


LINK TO LICENSES

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Ancient Greek Magic and Sorceresses Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Circe Offering the Cup to Odysseus.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Circe_Offering_the_Cup_to_Odysseus.jpg John William Waterhouse Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Pella leaded tablet (katadesmos) 4th Century retouched.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pella_leaded_tablet_(katadesmos)_4th_Century_retouched.jpg Filos96 - own work Public Domain

Roundel, disk with magical symbols https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/243081?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=magic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=26 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Onyx intaglio: Incantation in Greek letters https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/249035?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=magic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Bronze phallic amulet https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255089?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=amulet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=12 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Marble statuette of triple-bodied Hekate and the three Graces https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255881?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hekate&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Lead curse tablets, 3rd century BC, AM of Nemea, 201807.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lead_curse_tablets,_3rd_century_BC,_AM_of_Nemea,_201807.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:1172 - Keramikos Museum, Athens - Curse inscription - Photo by Giovanni Dall'Orto, Nov 12 2009.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1172_-_Keramikos_Museum,Athens-Curse_inscription-_Photo_by_Giovanni_Dall%27Orto,_Nov_12_2009.jpg Giovanni Dall'Orto. The copyright holder of this file allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.

File:Relief triplicate Hekate marble, Hadrian clasicism, Prague Kinsky, NM-H10 4742, 140995.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Relief_triplicate_Hekate_marble,_Hadrian_clasicism,_Prague_Kinsky,_NM-H10_4742,_140995.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/252973?deptids=13&ft=magic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=21 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Hecate https://member.worldhistory.org/image/1342/hecate/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

Odyssey kylix (MFA) https://flickr.com/photos/35150094@N04/8706785112 Lucas CC BY 2.0

Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/253627?deptids=13&ft=magic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=31 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:NAMA Circé & Ulysse.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NAMA_Circé_%26_Ulysse.jpg Marsyas CC BY SA 2.5

File:Bell-crater Scylla Louvre CA1341.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bell-crater_Scylla_Louvre_CA1341.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (User:Jastrow), 2006-10-08 Public Domain

File:Herkulaneischer Meister 001.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Herkulaneischer_Meister_001.jpg The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202. / Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH GNU Free Documentation License

Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/253427?deptids=13&ft=magic&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=37 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Medeia child Louvre K300.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Medeia_child_Louvre_K300.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol Public Domain

File:Pittore di policoro (ambito), cratere a calice con scene della medea e del telephos di euripide, lucania 400 ac ca. 03.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pittore_di_policoro_(ambito),_cratere_a_calice_con_scene_della_medea_e_del_telephos_di_euripide,_lucania_400_ac_ca._03.jpg Sailko - owk work CC BY 3.0


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Hephaestus the Greek God of Fire and Metallurgy Images and Attributions

Hephaestus

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Vulcan Coustou Louvre MR1814.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vulcan_Coustou_Louvre_MR1814.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

Terracotta kylix: band-cup (drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250543?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=9 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Exaleiptron birth Athena Louvre CA616 resized glare reduced black bg.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Exaleiptron_birth_Athena_Louvre_CA616_resized_glare_reduced_black_bg.png User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-06-01 / AishaAbdel Public Domain

Terracotta amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254859?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3](https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254859?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3) The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Wall painting - Hephaistos producing the new arms for Achilles - Pompeii (IX 1 7) - Napoli MAN 9529.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wall_painting_-Hephaistos_producing_the_new_arms_for_Achilles-Pompeii(IX_1_7)_-_Napoli_MAN_9529.jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta oinochoe: chous (jug) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248094?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Fragmentary terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256880?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=10 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta antefix - Venus and Mars (Aphrodite and Ares) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246657?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=ares&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Guillemot, Alexandre Charles - Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan - Google Art Project.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Guillemot,Alexandre_Charles-Mars_and_Venus_Surprised_by_Vulcan-_Google_Art_Project.jpg Alexandre-Charles Guillemot / Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Hephaistos Thetis at Kylix by the Foundry Painter Antikensammlung Berlin F2294.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hephaistos_Thetis_at_Kylix_by_the_Foundry_Painter_Antikensammlung_Berlin_F2294.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work Public Domain

File:Vaso di Talos particolare.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vaso_di_Talos_particolare.JPG Forzaruvo94 - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:View of Hephaisteion of Athens in 2008 2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:View_of_Hephaisteion_of_Athens_in_2008_2.jpg © Guillaume Piolle CC BY 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Temple of Hephaestus and Athena, built in 449 BC, Athens https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14080509865/in/photolist-naL24d-nqdjKW-8Ww5pf-eDxkZZ-nsfi2t-9bBTRq-nqcQMw-nsidCw-nrXVc4-naKNsi-nrXTvi-nqcRS7-nrY9Lj-9byMt8-9gG2r4-9gK75L-9gK6TN-9gK7oL-9bBTVJ-9gK7FJ-9gG2E4 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254907?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Ancient Theatre of Hephaestia, Lemnos - 1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ancient_Theatre_of_Hephaestia,Lemnos-_1.jpg Annatsach - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta rim fragment of a kylix (drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/756265?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hephaistos&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


LINK TO LICENSES

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Oracles of Ancient Greece Images and Attributions

Greek oracles

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Oracle of Delphi, red-figure kylix, 440-430 BC, Kodros Painter, Berlin F 2538, 141668.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oracle_of_Delphi,_red-figure_kylix,_440-430_BC,_Kodros_Painter,_Berlin_F_2538,_141668.jpg Zde- own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Temple of Zeus in Dodona 4.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Temple_of_Zeus_in_Dodona_4.jpg DerHexer - own work GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

File:The temple of the god Amun in Siwa oasis.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_temple_of_the_god_Amun_in_Siwa_oasis.jpg Ahmedherz - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Building Argo BM TerrD603.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Building_Argo_BM_TerrD603.jpg Jastrow (2007) CC BY 2.5

Terracotta amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247958?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=24 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Omphalos of Delphi https://member.worldhistory.org/image/414/omphalos-of-delphi/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Delphi tripod.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Delphi_tripod.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Rocher de la Pythie et colonnes du temple d'Apollon. Delphes. Grèce.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rocher_de_la_Pythie_et_colonnes_du_temple_d%27Apollon._Delphes._Grèce.jpg Jebulon - own work CC0

File:Collier-priestess of Delphi.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Collier-priestess_of_Delphi.jpg John Collier Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Kroisos stake Louvre G197.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kroisos_stake_Louvre_G197.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-06-06 Public Domain

Bell krater - Asset Number 191594001 https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/G_1772-0320-96 British Museum British Museum Licensing CC BY NC SA 4.0

Temple of Apollo, Delphi https://member.worldhistory.org/image/416/temple-of-apollo-delphi/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254171?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=160&rpp=40&pos=161 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246725?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=120&rpp=40&pos=139 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta amphora (jar) - Herakles and Apollo vying for possession of the Delphic tripod https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255154?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=oracle&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Camillo Miola (Biacca) - The Oracle - 72.PA.32 - J. Paul Getty Museum.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camillo_Miola_(Biacca)_-The_Oracle-72.PA.32-_J._Paul_Getty_Museum.jpg J. Paul Getty Museum / Artist Camillo Miola (Biacca) Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Marble statue of Pythian Apollo leaning on the Delphic tripod encoiled with a serpent and holding Apollo's tortoise shell lyre, Apollonia, Albania https://flickr.com/photos/41523983@N08/28179537052 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta Nolan neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254899?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=cassandra&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


The Greek Goddess Demeter and the Eleusinian Mysteries Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Demeter Altemps Inv8546.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Demeter_Altemps_Inv8546.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (September 2009) CC BY SA 2.5

File:Demeter and Kore, marble relief, 500-475 BC, AM Eleusis, 081135.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Demeter_and_Kore,_marble_relief,_500-475_BC,_AM_Eleusis,_081135.jpg Zde CC BY SA 4.0

File:NAMA 16346 Cornucopia.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NAMA_16346_Cornucopia.JPG Marsyas (2007) CC BY SA 2.5

File:Demeter Altemps Inv8596.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Demeter_Altemps_Inv8596.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:IAM 4942T - Relief of Demeter.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:IAM_4942T_-_Relief_of_Demeter.jpg Sandstein - own work CC BY 3.0

Terracotta medallion fragment https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250326?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=demeter&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=10 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Two terracotta busts https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256204?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=demeter&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=24 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta hydria (water jar) - abduction of Persephone https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247597?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=demeter&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=26 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Relief triplicate Hekate marble, Hadrian clasicism, Prague Kinsky, NM-H10 4742, 140995.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Relief_triplicate_Hekate_marble,_Hadrian_clasicism,_Prague_Kinsky,_NM-H10_4742,_140995.jpg Zde- own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Helios, painting on a terracotta disk, 480 BC, Agora Museum Athens, 080646.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Helios,_painting_on_a_terracotta_disk,_480_BC,_Agora_Museum_Athens,_080646.jpg Zde- own work CC BY SA 4.0

Marble statue of Demeter-Ceres or Bona Dea (The Good Goddess), Nîmes Archaeology Museum, France https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/15788649783/in/photolist-oWqSvp-nsMYc7-dtTk8J-byJ4Z7-bMCKC2-nqJSs4-9eapdu-MwvZ6X-bMCLxZ-MDR6px-q4bXvH-pHhjGG-byJ8gC-byJ1D1-dPNn21-niH19S-dPNm6N-dPNkrL-bPjvCR-dPGKav-GBAAau-2amBgSL-cntvVd-pGiUpf-PmWyh8-qB2p5E-qmRYFK-nsMRr3-qDiNm4-qB2cdo-qAYEzy-qmSdMk-pGiX5W-nbzyRf-qDge8e-qmPykp-nbzyRN-pGgbww-pGuxAD-pGutxD-LTkTcV-nbzxVQ-nsMViS-bkjVCY-bKXwik-bKXJh6-nt4Wgz-nt7kfA-qmSwjc-2c22gFo Carole Raddato CC BY SA 3.0

File:Eleusinian hydria Antikensammlung Berlin 1984.46 n2.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Eleusinian_hydria_Antikensammlung_Berlin_1984.46_n2.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2008 Public Domain

File:Demeter Kore Glyptothek Munich 198.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Demeter_Kore_Glyptothek_Munich_198.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-08 Public Domain

Eleusis https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16174665815/in/photolist-qDioCx-qmJD67-pAJyJ4-oWqSvp-2m91Jfq-2m95rbR-LQQsj9-qEh84H-LQQpay-neDnxy-pHhjGG-puLSzS-M1twvR-nfkwht-dtTk8J-9eapdu-LQQrqA-LQQtd3-2kHSP3m-2m91LLT-2m96Wz4-2kHP7LN-2m95s35-2m97143-2kHTgkC-2m95tXh-2m8WZbm-pHhg87-eDuoh4-ncywBp-rRbgBi-MtZqEs-M1ok92-qBRfdW-eDupBM-qDwksD-L4fPnw-nviWTX-eDAxPW-LXt9Gu-qmGEkU-qmTSSz-LTnKcT-LTnJax-neAZmK-LTnQ6k-L4tnsD-L3iGni-LTnNHF-pGfQRE Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta votive plaque dedicated by Ninnion to the two great goddesses of Eleusis, middle of 4th century BC, Archaeological Museum of Athens, Greece https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16185734835/in/photolist-qEh84H-LQQpay-neDnxy-pHhjGG-puLSzS-M1twvR-nfkwht-dtTk8J-9eapdu-LQQrqA-LQQtd3-2kHSP3m-2m91LLT-2m96Wz4-2kHP7LN-2m95s35-2m97143-2kHTgkC-2m95tXh-2m8WZbm-pHhg87-eDuoh4-ncywBp-rRbgBi-MtZqEs-M1ok92-qBRfdW-eDupBM-qDwksD-L4fPnw-nviWTX-eDAxPW-LXt9Gu-qmGEkU-qmTSSz-LTnKcT-LTnJax-neAZmK-LTnQ6k-L4tnsD-L3iGni-LTnNHF-pGfQRE-qDfAQm-qB3fH7-LTnRGX-qD9LQn-qDfz7V-qAYbLC-LGGh9e Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Allard Pierson Museum Hades and Persephone 7768.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Allard_Pierson_Museum_Hades_and_Persephone_7768.jpg Dosseman - own work
CC BY SA 4.0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/252973?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=eleusis&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Lower part of a marble relief with two goddesses https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251527?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=eleusinian&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar) - Triptolemos between Demeter and Persephone https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254270?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=demeter&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=12 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Ten marble fragments of the Great Eleusinian Relief https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248899?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=eleusis&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Gyroulas, 091547.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gyroulas,_091547.jpg Zde CC BY SA 4.0

Eleusis https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13937888875/in/photolist-neDjLT-qDftAe-qmHu4S-pGxMa6-qDguma-qmRDnn-qmQMaa-qmKoS3-qmR2Hr-qAZnts-qmSXGM-qmRUp6-qmHmxN-qDdCr1-qmHy4o-qmQDAx-qDiZaD-qmS73g-qD9Fci-qmTfeK-qB2ED5-qmS4yP-qDioCx-qmJD67-pAJyJ4-oWqSvp-2m91Jfq-2m95rbR-LQQsj9-qEh84H-LQQpay-neDnxy-pHhjGG-puLSzS-M1twvR-nfkwht-dtTk8J-9eapdu-LQQrqA-LQQtd3-2kHSP3m-2m91LLT-2m96Wz4-2kHP7LN-2m95s35-2m97143-2kHTgkC-2m95tXh-2m8WZbm-pHhg87 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Plaque Campana - Initiation aux mystères d'Eleusis (Louvre, Cp 4154).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plaque_Campana_-Initiation_aux_mystères_d%27Eleusis(Louvre,_Cp_4154).jpg Tangopaso - self photographed Public Domain

Eleusis https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/15555065883/in/photolist-pGxMa6-qDguma-qmRDnn-qmQMaa-qmKoS3-qmR2Hr-qAZnts-qmSXGM-qmRUp6-qmHmxN-qDdCr1-qmHy4o-qmQDAx-qDiZaD-qmS73g-qD9Fci-qmTfeK-qB2ED5-qmS4yP-qDioCx-qmJD67-pAJyJ4-oWqSvp-2m91Jfq-2m95rbR-LQQsj9-qEh84H-LQQpay-neDnxy-pHhjGG-puLSzS-M1twvR-nfkwht-dtTk8J-9eapdu-LQQrqA-LQQtd3-2kHSP3m-2m91LLT-2m96Wz4-2kHP7LN-2m95s35-2m97143-2kHTgkC-2m95tXh-2m8WZbm-pHhg87-eDuoh4-ncywBp-rRbgBi Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Hydrie - Mystères d'Eleusis (face A).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hydrie_-Mystères_d%27Eleusis(face_A).jpg Œuvre appartenant au musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon / Sdegroisse CC BY SA 3.0

File:Persephone krater Antikensammlung Berlin 1984.40.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Persephone_krater_Antikensammlung_Berlin_1984.40.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2008 Public Domain


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The Tragic Tale of Orpheus and Eurydice Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:DSC00355 - Orfeo (epoca romana) - Foto G. Dall'Orto.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DSC00355_-Orfeo(epoca_romana)_-_Foto_G._Dall%27Orto.jpg Foto di Giovanni Dall'Orto - own work The copyright holder of this file allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed. Redistribution, derivative work, commercial use, and all other use is permitted.

Fragment of a terracotta calyx-krater (mixing bowl) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250949?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=apollo&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=25 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/253427?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=argonauts&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta bell-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251491?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=orpheus&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Orfeu-atenas.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Orfeu-atenas.jpg Ricardo André Frantz (User:Tetraktys) GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

File:Orphic Gold Tablet (Petelia - British Museum, London).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orphic_Gold_Tablet_(Petelia_-_British_Museum,_London).jpg Jononmac46 - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta pelike (jar) - Dionysus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246933?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=dionysus&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=52 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Detail of Mosaic of the Triumph of Bacchus, Orpheus and a nymph, found in Écija in Plaza de Santiago, second half of 2nd century AD, Museo Histórico Municipal de Écija, Spain https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/24749552160/in/photolist-2mxi6Fu-2myn7M4-2mxaiE8-2mykU82-2mxi6yk-2mxfBBS-Ytotye-2mxeqdz-2myiCip-2mxeq5d-E85CGi-2mydjoR-2mykUcq-dnue3H-mU8hyi-qPiUVK-rtwZz7-byoZnQ-dNr8YU-byoYNq-qozHHt-nJ6vAC-q9Hwrv-znqG8X-rL6zzM-gSUwej-dNNsLw-q9QrNu-dNNuDm-pd8KuD-pSsmqn-q9HquR-gSUjmu-pSkv4E-qF2mZH-pSsoik-rL1jwB-dNGRit-dNGRA8-rtDkSi-dNGS8c-qP6FHN-gSVeV2-rL6uNc-dNGSVn-dNGQNg-vH6uJa-rL1i7x-dNGSDZ-DH2VAy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Latin Poet Ovid.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Latin_Poet_Ovid.jpg Auréola - own work Public Domain

File:Dying Eurydice Louvre CC7.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dying_Eurydice_Louvre_CC7.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

Orpheus playing the lyre, 2nd century AD, Musée Gallo-Romain, Saint-Romain-en-Gal, France https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/51549975294/in/photolist-2mxi6Fu-2myn7M4-2mxaiE8-2mykU82-2mxi6yk-2mxfBBS-Ytotye-2mxeqdz-2myiCip-2mxeq5d-E85CGi-2mydjoR-2mykUcq-dnue3H-mU8hyi-qPiUVK-rtwZz7-byoZnQ-dNr8YU-byoYNq-qozHHt-nJ6vAC-q9Hwrv-znqG8X-rL6zzM-gSUwej-dNNsLw-q9QrNu-dNNuDm-pd8KuD-pSsmqn-q9HquR-gSUjmu-pSkv4E-qF2mZH-pSsoik-rL1jwB-dNGRit-dNGRA8-rtDkSi-dNGS8c-qP6FHN-gSVeV2-rL6uNc-dNGSVn-dNGQNg-vH6uJa-rL1i7x-dNGSDZ-DH2VAy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Nekyia Staatliche Antikensammlungen 1494 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nekyia_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1494_n2.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

File:Pinax with Persephone and Hades Enthroned, 500-450 BC, Greek, Locri Epizephirii, Mannella district, Sanctuary of Persephone, terracotta - Cleveland Museum of Art - DSC08242.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinax_with_Persephone_and_Hades_Enthroned,_500-450_BC,_Greek,_Locri_Epizephirii,_Mannella_district,_Sanctuary_of_Persephone,terracotta-Cleveland_Museum_of_Art-_DSC08242.JPG Daderot - own work CC0

Hermes, Orpheus and Eurydice, Louvre Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/25021676545/in/photolist-2mxi6Fu-2myn7M4-2mxaiE8-2mykU82-2mxi6yk-2mxfBBS-Ytotye-2mxeqdz-2myiCip-2mxeq5d-E85CGi-2mydjoR-2mykUcq-dnue3H-mU8hyi-qPiUVK-rtwZz7-byoZnQ-dNr8YU-byoYNq-qozHHt-nJ6vAC-q9Hwrv-znqG8X-rL6zzM-gSUwej-dNNsLw-q9QrNu-dNNuDm-pd8KuD-pSsmqn-q9HquR-gSUjmu-pSkv4E-qF2mZH-pSsoik-rL1jwB-dNGRit-dNGRA8-rtDkSi-dNGS8c-qP6FHN-gSVeV2-rL6uNc-dNGSVn-dNGQNg-vH6uJa-rL1i7x-dNGSDZ-DH2VAy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Stone slab from a grave monument depicting Orpheus sitting on a rock and playing the lyre among the animals, 2nd half of 2nd century AD, Hungarian National Museum, Budapest https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/37065909561/in/photolist-2mxi6Fu-2myn7M4-2mxaiE8-2mykU82-2mxi6yk-2mxfBBS-Ytotye-2mxeqdz-2myiCip-2mxeq5d-E85CGi-2mydjoR-2mykUcq-dnue3H-mU8hyi-qPiUVK-rtwZz7-byoZnQ-dNr8YU-byoYNq-qozHHt-nJ6vAC-q9Hwrv-znqG8X-rL6zzM-gSUwej-dNNsLw-q9QrNu-dNNuDm-pd8KuD-pSsmqn-q9HquR-gSUjmu-pSkv4E-qF2mZH-pSsoik-rL1jwB-dNGRit-dNGRA8-rtDkSi-dNGS8c-qP6FHN-gSVeV2-rL6uNc-dNGSVn-dNGQNg-vH6uJa-rL1i7x-dNGSDZ-DH2VAy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Mosaic pavement depicting Orpheus playing the lyre encircled with charmed animals, discovered in 1934 in Trinquetaille (Arles), 3rd-4th century AD, Musée de l'Arles antique, Arles, France https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16008104369/in/photolist-2mxi6Fu-2myn7M4-2mxaiE8-2mykU82-2mxi6yk-2mxfBBS-Ytotye-2mxeqdz-2myiCip-2mxeq5d-E85CGi-2mydjoR-2mykUcq-dnue3H-mU8hyi-qPiUVK-rtwZz7-byoZnQ-dNr8YU-byoYNq-qozHHt-nJ6vAC-q9Hwrv-znqG8X-rL6zzM-gSUwej-dNNsLw-q9QrNu-dNNuDm-pd8KuD-pSsmqn-q9HquR-gSUjmu-pSkv4E-qF2mZH-pSsoik-rL1jwB-dNGRit-dNGRA8-rtDkSi-dNGS8c-qP6FHN-gSVeV2-rL6uNc-dNGSVn-dNGQNg-vH6uJa-rL1i7x-dNGSDZ-DH2VAy Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Dokimasia Painter ARV 414 34ter death of Orpheus (02).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dokimasia_Painter_ARV_414_34ter_death_of_Orpheus_(02).jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Mainade Staatliche Antikensammlungen 2645.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mainade_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_2645.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-10 Public Domain

File:John William Waterhouse, 1900 - Nymphs finding the head of Orpheus, 1900 version.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_William_Waterhouse,1900-_Nymphs_finding_the_head_of_Orpheus,_1900_version.jpg John William Waterhouse / User: A1AA1A Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Mosaîc Lillebonne Orphée.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mosaîc_Lillebonne_Orphée.jpg Personal picture taken by user Urban, 2005 GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0


LINK TO LICENSES

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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


Aphrodite the Goddess of Love and Beauty in Greek Mythology Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Crouching Aphrodite, Roman copy of the 1st century AD, attributed to the sculptor Doidalsas, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/26039017463/in/photolist-FEYLGX-drHR9C-LQ1D9K-Jd7pcL-DDdtnu-2iZGnAW-suEcs9-dnuepo-vkjrxv-9ZCvuY-27SKJ7D-bLkPT4-zs7Edf-scwS5C-Dofpca-rTgBo6-wgHKAE-oWgV4F-eDApnq-AnWXBY-uEVSht-ncotjQ-byJ9Gw-eaQZmT-bxrdLf-BEQidy-PC4Xd2-C7XxPx-9GTcf4-udzndm-k59PnP-2ki3Yze-Ebc8Ls-bMCCZ2-GseKRh-drHUDC-H4jQe8-zk2q2G-Gb76LY-byHUQq-nqJrFG-eDAqVh-CFH9e4-9Kvys1-dNrn4u-zgGchi-9eane1-oDLRFB-byHZjw-6PW6PJ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Fresco depicting Venus (Venus Anadyomene) reclining naked in the hollow of a cockle shell with a Nereid Nymph and Eros at her side, House of Venus, Pompeii https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/3824214788/in/photolist-6PW6PJ-eaR5NF-eDx9Qv-H4jNzg-bMEmWP-bLkS2F-bMCLxZ-9KrVUm-zk2gw5-DkW2NN-bxqdkU-H4jMWH-bMhwcP-9Kp7Ma-9KrWqW-byKc7m-H1m3kE-DeDxEP-yMksgM-A2jN51-bMhAEn-bMDzsR-mdJvtB-bMDQAD-eabez4-2kJTdoA-AkXtd7-G8P3wG-bMDX28-byJW5Q-byKimm-bMDxWF-bMDENp-K3EBHh-AhKb2b-G8P4uo-GbkSEQ-DFwP94-RxJmfZ-9Ksm6a-HAiHZB-nx5K7T-rVicC3-D83qcz-GxVXmW-KSRXwy-dNku8V-nsrnVJ-9ZzENF-tWvP14 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Inanna receiving offerings on the Uruk Vase, circa 3200-3000 BCE.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inanna_receiving_offerings_on_the_Uruk_Vase,_circa_3200-3000_BCE.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) CC BY SA 4.0

Limestone statue of Aphrodite holding winged Eros https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/242017?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Relief depicting the birth of Aphrodite (Aphrodite Anadyomene), Aphrodisias Museum, Turkey https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/19868596734/in/photolist-wgHKAE-oWgV4F-eDApnq-AnWXBY-uEVSht-ncotjQ-byJ9Gw-eaQZmT-bxrdLf-BEQidy-PC4Xd2-C7XxPx-9GTcf4-udzndm-k59PnP-2ki3Yze-Ebc8Ls-bMCCZ2-GseKRh-drHUDC-H4jQe8-zk2q2G-Gb76LY-byHUQq-nqJrFG-eDAqVh-CFH9e4-9Kvys1-dNrn4u-zgGchi-9eane1-oDLRFB-byHZjw-6PW6PJ-eaR5NF-eDx9Qv-H4jNzg-bMEmWP-bLkS2F-bMCLxZ-9KrVUm-zk2gw5-DkW2NN-bxqdkU-H4jMWH-bMhwcP-9Kp7Ma-9KrWqW-byKc7m-H1m3kE Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Fresco depicting Iapyx removing an arrowhead from Aeneas' thigh in the presence of Venus stands and Aeneas' young son Ascanius, from Pompeii, Naples National Archaeological Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/15307350275/in/photolist-2kGGSmP-2m54BYF-pjEaWk-dpcEat-dpcEvH-dpcNCj-dpcDBc-dpcB1r-zusP22-e11rU4-ywH8oH-nBCvod-zrhtgy-ywz1Wm-ywyShC-zc5JqT-e11rKK-e1773U-e11qc6-zswrHf-yUy7zM-zbZStA Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Hephaistos Thetis at Kylix by the Foundry Painter Antikensammlung Berlin F2294.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hephaistos_Thetis_at_Kylix_by_the_Foundry_Painter_Antikensammlung_Berlin_F2294.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work Public Domain

Terracotta antefix — Aphrodite and Ares https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246657?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=76 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Guillemot, Alexandre Charles - Mars and Venus Surprised by Vulcan - Google Art Project.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Guillemot,Alexandre_Charles-Mars_and_Venus_Surprised_by_Vulcan-_Google_Art_Project.jpg Alexandre-Charles Guillemot Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) — the judgement of Paris https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246723?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=judgement+of+paris&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Aphrodite Adonis Louvre MNB2109 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aphrodite_Adonis_Louvre_MNB2109_n2.jpg Jastrow, own work, 2008-03-07 CC BY 3.0

Terracotta loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248580?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=adonis&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta squat lekythos (oil jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251204?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=adonia&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta statuette of Aphrodite seated on a rock https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248711?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=28 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Tetrapylon, a monumental gateway leading from the main north-south street of the town into a large forecourt in front of the Temple of Aphrodite, built ca. 200 AD, Aphrodisias, Turkey https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/17036953301/in/photolist-rXuQEa-Jag5Nw-tgWrG1-s6msCj-H4jPFz-E6fq9q-cnsotJ-rXrWC9-HGgJs3-scsg9o-24BZWmB-2j2A2WE-sgU5GW-ej7mrr-G8P2yE-C7XwJM-Guw3vz-BG5qQy-FEYLGX-drHR9C-LQ1D9K-Jd7pcL-DDdtnu-2iZGnAW-suEcs9-dnuepo-vkjrxv-9ZCvuY-27SKJ7D-bLkPT4-zs7Edf-scwS5C-Dofpca-rTgBo6-wgHKAE-oWgV4F-eDApnq-AnWXBY-uEVSht-ncotjQ-byJ9Gw-eaQZmT-bxrdLf-BEQidy-PC4Xd2-C7XxPx-9GTcf4-udzndm-k59PnP-2ki3Yze Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta pyxis (box) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248178?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=70 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Terracotta disk with Aphrodite riding on a swan https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248373?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=18 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Statuette of Aphrodite with apple https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246682?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=69 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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Bastet the Ancient Egyptian Goddess of Cats Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Bastet https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/551774?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Cat with kittens on damaged box for animal mummy https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/552058?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=cat+mummy&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=30 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Inlay depicting Thoth as the ibis with a maat feather https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544093?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=15 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Amulet in the Form of a Lion-Headed Goddess https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544078?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=43 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Amuletic aegis of Bastet or Sakhmet https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/549191?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=13 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Cat Statuette intended to contain a mummified cat https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544118?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=21 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Bastet statuette https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/558306?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Menat of Taharqo: the King Being Nursed by the Lion-Headed Goddess Bastet https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544882?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=bastet&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Bubastis 011.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bubastis_011.JPG Einsamer Schütze - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Ancient Egypt Wooden Cats https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/28259807951 Gary Todd CC0

Two cats surmounting a box for an animal mummy https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/570733?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=cat+mummy&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=29 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Box for animal mummy surmounted by a cat, inscribed https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/566488?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=cat+mummy&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Battle of Pelusium https://member.worldhistory.org/image/13914/the-battle-of-pelusium/ Simon Seitz CC BY NC SA 4.0


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Samurai, the Medieval Japanese Warriors Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Koboto Santaro, a Japanese military commander, wearing traditional armour. Coloured photograph by Felice Beato, ca. 1868. https://wellcomecollection.org/works/dj4u89fy Beato, Felice, approximately 1825- Public Domain Mark

File:MuromachiSamurai1538.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MuromachiSamurai1538.jpg Unknown artist / source: Musee Guimet Public Domain US

File:Takezaki suenaga ekotoba bourui.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Takezaki_suenaga_ekotoba_bourui.jpg Author unknown. Illustration rolls were ordered by Takezaki Suenaga himself. Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

The Fifth Ichikawa Danjuro as a Samurai https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/36765?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=samurai&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Katō Kiyomasa.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Katō_Kiyomasa.jpg Unknown author / Kyoto City Kochiin Collection / user: GooGooDoll2 Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Ashikaga Takauji Jōdo-ji.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ashikaga_Takauji_Jōdo-ji.jpg Unknown artist Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Samurai on horseback https://member.worldhistory.org/image/6478/samurai-on-horseback/ Unknown Artist Public Domain

Blade and Mounting for a Sword (Katana) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/21811?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=katana&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=20 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Blades and Mountings for a Pair of Swords (Daishō) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/27789?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=katana&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Illustrations Showing the Wearing of Arms and Armor https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/57671?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=samurai&offset=120&rpp=40&pos=142 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Samurai wearing a horo.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Samurai_wearing_a_horo.jpg Utagawa Kuniyoshi Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Armor (Yoroi) of Ashikaga Takauji (1305–1358) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/22506?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=shogun&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:MAP Expo Armure samourai 05 01 2012 1.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MAP_Expo_Armure_samourai_05_01_2012_1.jpg Vassil - own work CC0

File:Kuniyoshi - 6 Select Heroes (S81.5), A back view of Onikojima Yatarô Kazutada in armor holding a spear and a severed head.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kuniyoshi_-6_Select_Heroes(S81.5),_A_back_view_of_Onikojima_Yatarô_Kazutada_in_armor_holding_a_spear_and_a_severed_head.jpg Utagawa Kuniyoshi Public Domain US

File:Sekigahara Kassen Byōbu-zu (Gifu History Museum).jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sekigahara_Kassen_Byōbu-zu_(Gifu_History_Museum).jpg Collection of The City of Gifu Museum of History Public Domain US

File:Araki Mataemon 荒木 又右衛門 (BM 2008,3037.00101).jpg / Museum number 2008,3037.00101 https://www.britishmuseum.org/collection/object/A_2008-3037-00101 British Museum British Museum Licensing CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Seppuku-2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seppuku-2.jpg original work by artist kunikazu utagawa / user: Waiapo Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Battle-of-Nagashino-Map-Folding-Screen-1575.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Battle-of-Nagashino-Map-Folding-Screen-1575.png Unknown author (Edo period, circa 18th century) / user: Artanisen Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain


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Introduction to the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Images and Attributions

Pharaoh

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Timeline of Ancient Egypt https://member.worldhistory.org/image/12835/timeline-of-ancient-egypt/ Jan van der Crabben CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Narmer Palette.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Narmer_Palette.jpg User: Nicolas Perrault III / Artist unknown Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Stela of Raneb https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/545799?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=nebra&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Nectanebo II Offers to Osiris Hemag https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544888?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=osiris&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Le roi Ramsès parmi les dieux (Louvre, B 13).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Le_roi_Ramsès_parmi_les_dieux_(Louvre,_B_13).jpg Tangopaso - self photographed Public Domain

Triad of Osiris, Isis, and Horus https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/546178?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=osiris&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=35 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:تمثال رمسيس الثانى - معبد الاقصر.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:تمثال_رمسيس_الثانى_-_معبد_الاقصر.jpg Mohamed kamal 1984 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Edfu Tempel 42.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edfu_Tempel_42.jpg Olaf Tausch - own work CC BY 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Medinet Habu Ramses III. Tempel Südwestwand 25.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Medinet_Habu_Ramses_III._Tempel_Südwestwand_25.jpg Olaf Tausch - own work CC BY 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Egypt Abou Simbel6.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Egypt_Abou_Simbel6.jpg User: NK CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Artist's Sketch of Pharaoh Spearing a Lion https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544076?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=pharaoh&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Doorjamb from a Temple of Ramesses II https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544718?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=ramesses+ii&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Sphinx of Hatshepsut https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544442?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=pharaoh&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=9 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Large Kneeling Statue of Hatshepsut https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544448?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=hatshepsut&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Relief of Thutmose III https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544455?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thutmose+III&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Colossal Statue of Amenhotep IV https://www.flickr.com/photos/ddenisen/7179205167/ Dmitry Denisenkov CC BY SA 2.0

Head of Tutankhamun https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544690?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=tutankhamun&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Late Bronze Age Collapse c. 1200 - 1150 BCE https://member.worldhistory.org/image/15310/the-late-bronze-age-collapse-c-1200---1150-bce/ Simeon Netchev CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:KhonsuTemple-Karnak-RamessesIII-2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:KhonsuTemple-Karnak-RamessesIII-2.jpg Asavaa - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Kushite Pharaoh https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/545027?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=pharaoh&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Statue of a Ptolemaic Queen, perhaps Cleopatra VII https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547702?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=cleopatra+vii&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0


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An Introduction to the Faiyum Mummy Portraits Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Ancient Egypt Map https://member.worldhistory.org/image/70/ancient-egypt/ Jeff Dahl CC BY SA 4.0

File:Jean-Léon Gérôme, View of Medinet El-Fayoum, c. 1868-1870, NGA 162261.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jean-Léon_Gérôme,_View_of_Medinet_El-Fayoum,_c._1868-1870,_NGA_162261.jpg / https://www.nga.gov/collection/art-object-page.162261.html National Gallery of Art CC0

Timeline of Ancient Egypt https://member.worldhistory.org/image/12835/timeline-of-ancient-egypt/ Jan van der Crabben CC BY NC SA 4.0

Portrait of a young woman in red https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547860?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Mummy portrait of a girl, AD 120-150, Roman Egypt, wax encaustic painting on sycamore wood, Liebieghaus, Frankfurt am Main https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14304151412/ Carole raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Portrait of the Boy Eutyches https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547951?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Portrait of a thin-faced, bearded man https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547856?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Mummy with an Inserted Panel Portrait of a Youth https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547697?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Portrait of an elderly lady with a gold wreath https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547859?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=29 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Portrait of a Youth with a Surgical Cut in one Eye https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547768?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Portrait of a young woman with a gilded wreath https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/547861?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mummy+portrait&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=10 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Mummy portrait of a young soldier, 1st half of the 2nd century AD, from the Fayum (Egypt), Altes Museum Berlin https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/50545187367/in/photolist-2k1vieH-2iVv7WN-2n21xyY-2n1ZhXj-pXC8Sj-AuMAwG-AtTeWg-Qvuucc-nN1vSd-kNaWU8-ArzSfN-y4dufp-h7ha9j-BD3B4r-drRNLZ-BAHBsU-AkVTzA-AsFRNd-ByejT4-ArzUMS-2ktEZoj-cnGUmq-cnGTFE-dn9JqZ-kNaYC8-AFv4d3-BezecB Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0


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The Folktale of Melusine, the Medieval Face of the Starbucks Logo Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Photo by Jiawei Zhao on Unsplash https://unsplash.com/photos/g7ErZpEeztA

Melusine's Secret Discovered http://expositions.bnf.fr/contes/grand/008_3.htm Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris. CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Henry II Plantagenet.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Henry_II_Plantagenet.jpg Featured in the "Henry Plantagenet" book / ancient depiction from the time of Plantagenet rule in England, artwork is well over 100 years old. Centuries old. Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:JuliusHubner Melusine.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:JuliusHubner_Melusine.jpg Julius Hübner Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Colum-KOIS(Holt1916)-Pogany-illustr-p014-Fedelma&swanskin.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Colum-KOIS(Holt1916)-Pogany-illustr-p014-Fedelma%26swanskin.jpg Colum, Padraic (1916) The King of Ireland's Son[1], New York: Henry Holt; (Internet Archive copy accessed 2016-07-09) / User: Kiyoweap Public Domain US

File:Decameron 1432-cooking on spit.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Decameron_1432-cooking_on_spit.jpg Artist unknown / user: Peter Isotalo Public Domain US

Image from page 360 of "Marques typographiques, ou, Recueil des monogrammes, chiffres, enseignes, emblèmes, devises, rébus et fleurons des libraires et imprimeurs qui ont exercé en France depuis l'introduction de l'imprimerie en 1470 jusqu'à la fin du sei https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14597708917/ Internet Archives Book Images Public Domain

File:Lüneburg - Ilmenaubrücke Altenbrückertorstraße 03 ies.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lüneburg_-_Ilmenaubrücke_Altenbrückertorstraße_03_ies.jpg Frank Vincentz - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Melusinenbrunnen Karl-Preis-Platz Adolf Rothenburger 1939 Muenchen-4.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Melusinenbrunnen_Karl-Preis-Platz_Adolf_Rothenburger_1939_Muenchen-4.jpg Rufus46 - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Melusine on Pooley Gates.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Melusine_on_Pooley_Gates.jpg Rodhullandemu - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Melusine nouvellement imprimee a Paris (Michel Le Noir, 1517).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Melusine_nouvellement_imprimee_a_Paris_(Michel_Le_Noir,_1517).jpg

  • Original : Michel Le Noir, printer active in Paris since 1489, died 1520
  • Reproduction : Lucien Double (1846-1895) CC BY SA 4.0

File:Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry mars.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Les_Très_Riches_Heures_du_duc_de_Berry_mars.jpg Limbourg brothers and Barthélemy d'Eyck / R.M.N. / R.-G. Ojéda Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Mélusine allaitant BnF Français 24383 fol. 30.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mélusine_allaitant_BnF_Français_24383_fol._30.jpg Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF). Cote : Français 24383, Folio 30. Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Bookofmelusine.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bookofmelusine.jpg Anonymous engraver working for the workshop of the printer Adam Steinschaber / Original printed source : Jean d'Arras, Histoire de la belle Melusine, Genève, Adam Steinschaber, août 1478, fol 142r / user: DreamGuy Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Fougères (35) Église Saint-Sulpice Baie 06 Fichier 02.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fougères_(35)_Église_Saint-Sulpice_Baie_06_Fichier_02.jpg GO69 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Blason fr François de Luxembourg-Martigues.svg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blason_fr_François_de_Luxembourg-Martigues.svg Paradiddling - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Luxembourg, Église Saint-Jean (Neumünster) côté Alzette (101).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luxembourg,Église_Saint-Jean(Neumünster)côté_Alzette(101).jpg GilPe - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Photo by Sorin Sîrbu on Unsplash https://unsplash.com/@sirbusorin


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Introduction to the History of Ancient Japan Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

The Jōmon Period

“Flame-rimmed” deep bowl (kaen doki) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44905?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jomon&offset=80&rpp=40&pos=100 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Jar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/50165?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jomon&offset=80&rpp=40&pos=97 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Jōmon Arrowhead https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/62262?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jomon&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=58 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Head of a Clay Figure (Dogū) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/45530?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jomon&offset=80&rpp=40&pos=96 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Dogū (clay figurine) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44824?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jomon&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=66 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Male and Female Shinto Deities https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/53165?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=shinto&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Yayoi Period

A middle Yayoi storage jar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/53628?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=yayoi&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Stone Axe with Hornlike Protrusions (Yūkaku sekifu) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44826?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=yayoi&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=15 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Dōtaku (Bronze Bell) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44831?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=yayoi&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Yayoi earthenware jar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/56572?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=yayoi&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Queen-Himiko-Museum-Yayoi-Culture.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Queen-Himiko-Museum-Yayoi-Culture.png Artanisen / Osaka Prefectural Museum of Yayoi Culture CC BY SA 4.0

Haniwa (Clay Sculpture) of a Female Shrine Attendant https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/53156?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=japan+woman&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=9 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Kofun Period

File:Hashihaka-kofun zenkei.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hashihaka-kofun_zenkei.JPG Saigen Jiro - own work CC0

duck pottery (gaya 5-6c) https://www.flickr.com/photos/pressapochista/216580057/ pressapochista CC BY SA 2.0

Mirror (Shinjūkyō) Based on Han Dynasty Prototype with Cosmological Design https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44835?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kofun&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=43 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Horai-yama Kofun, zenkei-2-2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Horai-yama_Kofun,_zenkei-2-2.jpg Saigen Jiro - own work CC0

Haniwa (Hollow Clay Sculpture) of a Warrior https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44833?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kofun&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=41 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Haniwa (hollow clay sculpture) of a boar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/44834?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=kofun&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=42 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

The Asuka Period

Prince Shōtoku at Age Sixteen https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/49122?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=shotoku&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Fujiwara-Kamatari-LACMA.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fujiwara-Kamatari-LACMA.jpg Kingturtle - own work Public Domain

File:Emperor Tenmu.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emperor_Tenmu.jpg Published by 国書刊行会(Kokusho Kankōkai) / "集古十種(Shūko Jisshu)" Public Domain US

Clay Relief Tile with Buddhist Triad (Sanzon senbutsu) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/53158?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=asuka&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Prince Shotoku at Age 14 as Buddhist Pilgrim, 14th century.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Prince_Shotoku_at_Age_14_as_Buddhist_Pilgrim,_14th_century.jpg Unknown artist / source Smithsonian Museum (Freer Gallery) Public Domain US

The Nara Period

File:Emperor Shomu.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emperor_Shomu.jpg Unknown author / The japanese book "御即位10年記念特別展・皇室の名宝(Treasures of the Imperial Collections)" / 13th century Public Domain US

Great Buddha Hall, Todaiji https://member.worldhistory.org/image/6530/great-buddha-hall-todaiji/ James Blake Wiener CC BY NC SA 4.0

Buddha, Todaiji Temple https://member.worldhistory.org/image/6532/buddha-todaiji-temple/ James Blake Wiener CC BY NC SA 4.0

Torii, Fujiwara Inari Shrine https://member.worldhistory.org/image/6747/torii-fujiwara-inari-shrine/ James Blake Wiener CC BY NC SA 4.0

Glazed Urn https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/50213?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=nara+period&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=37 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Buddha of the Future (Miroku Bosatsu) https://www.clevelandart.org/art/1950.86 The Cleveland Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Emperor Kammu large.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Emperor_Kammu_large.jpg Unknown artist / The Japanese book "天皇一二四代 (Tennō hyakunijūyondai)", in Bessatsu-Taiyo, Heibonsha, 1988 Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

The Heian Period

Daishōgun https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/42590?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=heian&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=28 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Byodo-in Uji02pbs3400.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Byodo-in_Uji02pbs3400.jpg 663highland - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

Hiten https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/49258?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=heian&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=20 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Standing Buddha https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/667003?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=heian&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=8 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Male and Female Shinto Deities https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/53165?sortBy=Date&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=heian&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=11 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Tenjin Shrine (Kitano Tenjin engi emaki) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/45428 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Open Access CC0

File:Gempei war-battles.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gempei_war-battles.png Ash Crow CC BY SA 2.5


LINK TO LICENSES

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The Ancient Tale of Helen of Troy Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Leda and the swan, terracotta Roman oil lamp 1st century AD, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8958396304/in/photolist-bx5VBW-bxqLPL-bKSd58-bKS3cp-bwXp8G-bwXohJ-bwXn5A-9wf34s-bKS8z2-bxqNaN-bwXsku-bKRU94-bwXzk9-eDC87G-iyGH4i-bwXguY-bKRVra-bKSyqM-dMJvYc-bwXGqA-bwXEqm-bwXJaf-bKSkDM-bwXL37-bwXfkC-nuQxZM-bwXiH7 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:NAMA 19447 Birth of Helen 1.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NAMA_19447_Birth_of_Helen_1.JPG Marsyas (2007) CC BY SA 2.5

Terracotta statuette of Aphrodite seated on a rock https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248711?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=aphrodite&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=28 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Helen and the Dioskouroi Terracotta hydria: kalpis (water jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/250900?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=helen&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=39 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Youth abducting woman Terracotta oon (egg) [https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255341?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=helen&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=9]9https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255341?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=helen&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=9) The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Attic Red-figure Ceramic Lekythos: Menelaus leads Helena; attributed to Brygos Painter, c. 480 BC; found at Armento, Italy https://www.flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/28661346271/ Gary Todd Public Domain

Marble relief fragment with scenes from the Trojan War https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251473?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=trojan+war&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Euripide.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Euripide.jpg NikonZ7II - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Greek Terracotta Oil Jar with Paris and Helen, Athens, 420-400 BC https://www.flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/10454126894/in/photolist-gVN8H9-kk7C9D-kk7uE2-kk7yEV-Q94igQ-Q8SnS5-kk4C1R-Rn24CN-Rc4tZL-Rn2Yry-Rqn6je-QbDm8a-ReFVpZ-QbDAz6-Rc2rBU-QbR14t-kk7AwG-RVyjok-Kjm8HR-Q92U1J-Q8T3cm-Q8UqWY-kk7Gu3-QbQTuB-RmR5Xb-Rc7W9y-Kxqrio-KAj9H2-QQZzvm-28TTGt9-Rn2Fr1-Rn3mZ9-QR7m6S-RqqHPx-RqyByR-QbMGXk-KaaMsY-Q93pMN-RmR573-JDQtEi-KqSjmd-RcbSHs-QR9Fus-gVP3fx-QbRgjt-Rc7YgQ-Rn2BL5-ReGxv6-JDPZYM-kgP8c3 Gary Todd Public Domain

Trojan horse https://member.worldhistory.org/image/1365/trojan-horse/ Mark Cartwright CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Thetis Peleus Louvre G65.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thetis_Peleus_Louvre_G65.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

Judement of Paris Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246723?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=judgement+Paris&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Fragment of a terracotta skyphos (deep drinking cup) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247931 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Painting on terracotta panels of the judgement of Paris from Cerveteri (Boccanera tomb) - London BM 1889-0410-1 - 02.jpg [https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Painting_on_terracotta_panels_of_the_judgement_of_Paris_from_Cerveteri_(Boccanera_tomb)-London_BM_1889-0410-1-02.jpg])https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Painting_on_terracotta_panels_of_the_judgement_of_Paris_from_Cerveteri(Boccanera_tomb)-London_BM_1889-0410-1-02.jpg ArchaiOptix - own work CC BY SA 4.0

The abduction of Helen by Paris Terracotta calyx-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254930?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=helen&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

The World of the Iliad, c. 1200 BCE https://member.worldhistory.org/image/15242/the-world-of-the-iliad-c-1200-bce/ Simeon Netchev CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Helene Paris Louvre K6.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Helene_Paris_Louvre_K6.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-06-15 Public Domain

Judgement of Paris Terracotta pyxis (box) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247916?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=judgement+Paris&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Menelaus Reclaiming His Wife, Helen Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/254876?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=helen&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Helen Menelaus Louvre G424.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Helen_Menelaus_Louvre_G424.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:The Menelaion (Sanctuary of Menelaus and Helen) in Sparta.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Menelaion_(Sanctuary_of_Menelaus_and_Helen)_in_Sparta.jpg George E. Koronaios - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:The last remaining section of wall thats surrounded ancient Sparta.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_last_remaining_section_of_wall_thats_surrounded_ancient_Sparta.jpg StanTravels - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Helen and Menelaos Staatliche Antikensammlungen 1383 cropped glare reduced and solid white background.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Helen_and_Menelaos_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1383_cropped_glare_reduced_and_solid_white_background.png // https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Helene_Menelaos_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_1383.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-02-13 Public Domain

Apulian Volute Crater: Menelaus and Helena after the conquest of Troy, c. 350-340 BC https://www.flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/28633012852/in/photolist-KCcFao-QR2A5o-RWygaV-KjmcAF-kgLU5X-RcarNu-QEeHw3-Rccq7E-kgLP9p-RGZPXQ-QGPWZp-QGBVZx-RWHMWB-QbQk4z-RWypkT-QGAxU2-QGLghV-QGNoye-RWwQqM-RWHKWV-RH1h23-QGNAp8-Rn3GT7-RHegTS-ReJwWM-RcavC3-QbMFqn-ReJdNH-gWN8ku-Rn3peQ-RePcRx-QGPZCR-Rn1H9w-QR8BBE-Q92kYh-RWLU4a-ReSUP8-QbMrWZ-QbP4sX-RqwTwg-RmUdJs-QbH8Xk-QQZqTb-QbLSDr-Rc2hyo-QbGgzX-QbDPNR-Rc2itu-QbMz1i-QRaBqJ Gary Todd Public Domain


LINK TO LICENSES

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Cicero and the Catiline Conspiracy Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Retrato de Julio César (26724093101) (cropped).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Retrato_de_Julio_César_(26724093101)_(cropped).jpg Ángel M. Felicísimo from Mérida, España CC BY 2.0

Julius Caesar and the Roman Civil War (49 - 45 BCE) https://member.worldhistory.org/image/15773/julius-caesar-and-the-roman-civil-war-49---45-bce/ Simeon Netchev CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:Bust of Cicero (1st-cent. BC) - Palazzo Nuovo - Musei Capitolini - Rome 2016.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bust_of_Cicero_(1st-cent.BC)-Palazzo_Nuovo-Musei_Capitolini-_Rome_2016.jpg José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro CC BY SA 4.0

File:Cicero de officiis.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cicero_de_officiis.jpg Marcus Tullius Cicero / Henrykus Public Domain US

File:Saturntempel Rom (Aerarium populi Romani) 2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saturntempel_Rom_(Aerarium_populi_Romani)_2.jpg Rabax63 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Cicero.PNG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cicero.PNG Digitizing sponsor: University of Toronto, converted by User:Perhelion / Publisher K. A. Baumeister / user: Saperaud Public Domain US

File:Catilina2-Maccari affresco.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Catilina2-Maccari_affresco.jpg HeNRyKus Public Domain

Head of Marcus Licinius Crassus, middle of 1st century BC, from Italy, Moi, Auguste, Empereur de Rome exhibition, Grand Palais, Paris https://www.flickr.com/photos/41523983@N08/14649017884/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Cicero.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cicero.png Augurmm CC BY SA 4.0

File:Fulvia Antonia.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fulvia_Antonia.jpg Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Terentia forcibly dragged from the Temple of Vesta.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Terentia_forcibly_dragged_from_the_Temple_of_Vesta.jpg Author N/A / user: StarTrekker Public Domain US

File:Roma, testa di Cicerone 2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Roma,_testa_di_Cicerone_2.jpg Gaux - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Cicerón denuncia a Catilina, por Cesare Maccari.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cicerón_denuncia_a_Catilina,_por_Cesare_Maccari.jpg Cesare Maccari Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Denier au cheval galopant et au “caducée” frappé par les Allobroges (Région du Dauphiné).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Denier_au_cheval_galopant_et_au_“caducée”frappé_par_les_Allobroges(Région_du_Dauphiné).jpg https://www.cgb.fr/allobroges-region-du-dauphine-denier-au-cheval-galopant-et-au-caducee-ttb,bga_197104,a.html CC BY SA 3.0

Silver denarius of Julius Caesar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/248033?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=julius+caesar&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Cato the Younger, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen https://www.flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13646456145/in/photolist-mMTDYD Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:The Discovery of the Body of Catiline.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Discovery_of_the_Body_of_Catiline.jpg Alcide Segoni (1847-1894) Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain


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The History of the Mesopotamian Naru Literature Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Head of a ruler https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/329077 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Nasiriyah Victory Stele of Naram-Sin, from Mesopotamia, Iraq, c. 2300 BCE. Iraq Museum.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nasiriyah_Victory_Stele_of_Naram-Sin,_from_Mesopotamia,_Iraq,_c._2300_BCE._Iraq_Museum.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Top fragment of a kudurru with a mushhushshu dragon and divine symbols https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/327048?deptids=3&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=boundary+stones&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Corner fragment of inscribed prism (kudurru) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/321904?deptids=3&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=boundary+stones&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Proto-Cuneiform tablet with seal impressions: administrative account of barley distribution with cylinder seal impression of a male figure, hunting dogs, and boars https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/329081?deptids=3&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=mesopotamia&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Inscribed brick - inscription of Isin king https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/324913?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=akkad&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=12 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Inscribed brick of Ur-Nammu https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/324915?deptids=3&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=inscribed+brick&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Mask of Sargon of Akkad.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mask_of_Sargon_of_Akkad.jpg Hans Ollerman / https://flickr.com/photos/7573205@N06/8426432144 / https://www.flickr.com/photos/menesje/2040313340/ CC BY SA 2.0

File:Stele of the Akkadian king Naram-Sin at Istanbul's archaeological museum.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stele_of_the_Akkadian_king_Naram-Sin_at_Istanbul%27s_archaeological_museum.jpg Levi Clancy - own work CC0

File:Akkadian soldier of Naram-Sin.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Akkadian_soldier_of_Naram-Sin.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) / Extraction by पाटलिपुत्र CC BY SA 4.0

Standing male worshiper https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/323735?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=akkad&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Naram-Sin Rock Relief at Darband-iGawr (extracted).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Akkadian_soldier_of_Naram-Sin.jpg#/media/File:Nasiriyah_Victory_Stele_of_Naram-Sin._From_Mesopotamia,_Iraq,_c._2300_BCE._Iraq_Museum.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) CC BY SA 4.0

File:Stele Naram Sim Louvre Sb4.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Stele_Naram_Sim_Louvre_Sb4.jpg Jastrow (2005) Public Domain


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The Fall of the Inca Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Inca Empire - Expansion and Roads https://member.worldhistory.org/image/14113/inca-empire---expansion-and-roads/ Simeon Netchev CC BY NC SA 4.0

File:8 Reales, Argentina, 1813 - Bode-Museum - DSC02721.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:8_Reales,_Argentina,1813-Bode-Museum-_DSC02721.JPG Provincias Unidas del Río de la Plata / Daderot - own work Public Domain US

Eight-Pointed Star Tunic https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/308120?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=inca&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=5 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Knife (Tumi) https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/307475?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=inca&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=51 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Waskhar portrait.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Waskhar_portrait.jpg Twilight of Ancient Peru: the glory and decline of the Inca Empire by Lieselotte and Theo Engl (1969), photograph of original portrait located in the Museum für Völkerkunde Berlin-Dahlem / user: Raoul NK Public Domain US

File:Portrait of Francisco Pizarro.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Portrait_of_Francisco_Pizarro.jpg Amable-Paul Coutan / user: ORGPE Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Los 13 de la Isla del Gallo.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Los_13_de_la_Isla_del_Gallo.jpg Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología e Historia del Perú, Pueblo Libre - Lima / Juan Lepiani Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Atahuallpa, Inca XIIII From Berlin Ethnologisches Museum, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Atahuallpa,_Inca_XIIII_From_Berlin_Ethnologisches_Museum,_Staatliche_Museen,_Berlin,_Germany.png Anonymous / https://www.archaeology.org/issues/95-1307/features/1093-atahualpa-cajamarca-francisco-pizarro-maiqui-machay Public Domain US

File:John Everett Millais - Pizarro seizing the Inca of Peru.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Everett_Millais_-_Pizarro_seizing_the_Inca_of_Peru.jpg John Everett Millais Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Inca Female Figurine https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/317753?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=inca&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=22 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Luis Montero - The Funerals of Inca Atahualpa - Google Art Project.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Luis_Montero_-The_Funerals_of_Inca_Atahualpa-_Google_Art_Project.jpg Luis Montero / https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/LgEg2gaAx_wK1w Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Machu Picchu, Peru https://www.flickr.com/photos/pedrosz/29780120137/in/photolist-2b6ws3t-NQ5eiN-MnyUcc-2b9UdfN-2bbHHWk-NUu6gU-2a6VTQA-2aUg7oA-29UWJFN-2b4WD5T-Mig87v-2a54tv9-2bdzLZ8-2b2y8Tn Pedro Szekely CC BY SA 2.0

File:POMA0400v.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:POMA0400v.jpg Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala (between circa 1535 and circa 1616 ) Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Peru - Cusco Sacred Valley & Incan Ruins 005 - Sacsaywamán (6948620856).jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/mckaysavage/6948620856/ McKay Savage CC BY 2.0

File:TupacamaruI.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:TupacamaruI.JPG Unknown artist from he 18th century Cusco School / user: Brandtol / Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain


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An Introduction to Aesop's Fables Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Tortoise and hare rackham.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tortoise_and_hare_rackham.jpg Arthur Rackhamhttps://archive.org/details/aesopsfables00aeso/page/n9/mode/2up Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Cat guarding geese c1120 BC Egypt.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cat_guarding_geese_c1120_BC_Egypt.jpg Unknown author / user: Annielogue Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Aesop pushkin01.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Aesop_pushkin01.jpg user:shakko - own work CC BY SA 3.0

File:Johann Michael Wittmer - Aesop Tells his Fables.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Johann_Michael_Wittmer_-_Aesop_Tells_his_Fables.jpg Johann Michael Wittmer / User: Sporti Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Homer British Museum.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Homer_British_Museum.jpg JW1805 Public Domain

File:Valentine, Laura - Aunt Louisa's Oft Told Tales - 0045.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Valentine,Laura-Aunt_Louisa%27s_Oft_Told_Tales-_0045.jpg Laura Valentine / user: Bensin Public Domain US

File:Jacob Jordaens - The satyr and the peasant.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jacob_Jordaens_-_The_satyr_and_the_peasant.jpg Jacob Jordaens: The satyr and the peasant / user: Froutrouprou Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:A fox licks the outside of a jug into which a crane has inse Wellcome V0022999.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_fox_licks_the_outside_of_a_jug_into_which_a_crane_has_inse_Wellcome_V0022999.jpg Etching by R. Stoop for a fable by J. Ogilby. https://wellcomecollection.org/works/cwbyxpbh?wellcomeImagesUrl=/indexplus/image/V0022999.html CC BY 4.0

File:Aristotle Altemps Inv8575.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Aristotle_Altemps_Inv8575.jpg Jastrow (2006) Public Domain

File:Chauveau - Fables de La Fontaine - 03-11.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chauveau_-Fables_de_La_Fontaine-_03-11.png Francois Chauveau / user: Philippe Kurlapski Public Domain US

File:A crow is standing on the handle of a large pitcher in front Wellcome V0022984.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:A_crow_is_standing_on_the_handle_of_a_large_pitcher_in_front_Wellcome_V0022984.jpg https://wellcomecollection.org/works/hqs643hj?wellcomeImagesUrl=/indexplus/image/V0022984.html / user: Fæ Public Domain

File:Wolf sheeps clothing barlow.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wolf_sheeps_clothing_barlow.jpg Francis Barlow / user: Mzilikazi1939 Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Frans Snyders - Fable of the hare and the tortoise.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frans_Snyders_-_Fable_of_the_hare_and_the_tortoise.jpg Frans Snyders: Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise User 2A02A03F / Prado Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain


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The Concept and Symbol of Yin and Yang Explained Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Hua t08.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hua_t08.jpg 滑寿 Hua Shou / user: (Magnus Manske) Public Domain US

File:Anonymous-Fuxi and Nüwa.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Anonymous-Fuxi_and_Nüwa.jpg Zhongguo gu dai shu hua jian ding zu (中国古代书画鑑定组). 1997. Zhongguo hui hua quan ji (中国绘画全集). Zhongguo mei shu fen lei quan ji. Beijing: Wen wu chu ban she. Volume 1. / Stout256 Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

File:Mawangdui LaoTsu Ms2.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mawangdui_LaoTsu_Ms2.JPG Unknown author / source: Mawangdui Silk Manuscript Volume First, Wen Wu Publishing, Beijing, China, 1980-03 / user: ReijiYamashina Public Domain US

File:文光塔-二层藻井.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:文光塔-二层藻井.JPG Kunwi - own work CC BY SA 3.0


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Livia Drusilla the First Empress of the Roman Empire Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Portrait of Livia from Aeminium (Coimbra, Portugal), circa 30 AD, Machado de Castro National Museum, Coimbra, Portugal https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/12990788884/in/photolist-e1b6ky-e15sB4-e1beds-zusP22-oW6DSq-eLMuX6-e15wPF-e15zCD-ywH8oH-9KoUMe-ojt8ZJ-byAgqP-ywyShC-ojCuoj-ERDV6L-9Hj5Gc-9Jtw5d-o3buYH-kNb1Ck-zc3RpH-ojo93M-o3bdbf-y6AKH8-y5Vsgr-x93rTr-kJgsNk-kMXbWG-y5Vor2-y53htQ-y3AVAC-x93oPv-xNjBid-kJgufZ-nrQjHJ-zrhtgy-y6ALFR-xNq3K6-ywz1Wm-zc5JqT-x93xWZ-ojMhc7-xNijqu-xNirEu-xNpY4T-21UA1i5-2g6HAo5-zswrHf-q3kDpm-9HiQXc-2krevRQ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Roman emperor Tiberius and his mother Livia, British Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16321781824/in/photolist-qSip6s-21UAeCm-22Wzwjh-e175wY-DkDEBx-ERD6gh-22WAbKL-e1b9FW-J3uuBz-21DDP5M-21UCyyd-22ZcZrD-KeCHxP-22ZcuYM-22Zcm4x-22ZczSV-DkGdqt-y6ACwV-e1b775-J3xsNZ-J3wh1P-21UAKFN-KJTnkC-ERDaQY-DkEUcM-J3vhpM-ERB1fE-21DDgTZ-c17Ajw-e1b5HA-J3w7pe-DkF3Ye-xQyeKy-e1b7qG-e15xAX-21UCZGu-22WyfpU-e1bbif-J3uBWV-zbZStA-o3ciFa-eLYTSG-e1bgi1-ojuzsL-e15pzk-nupDGR-ntAREA-pxUGtX-e15tLX-9KrJzs Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Bust of Claudius, Naples National Archaeological Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14820872353/in/photolist-ozEQZX-2ihxiS6-H1BBLX-GAvvA1-H1BvEi-LiD65m-G68fZE-mCJsB2-Ro1vFM-zbZStA-2ihuSwx-G68d1d-GAvuRW-ogqFZA-G6eTdZ-9KJNmG-nzHbF1-eabez4-H1ByeM-fkJwHi-zusP22-qKYUkQ-GUDYBT-H1Btcc-ywH8oH-kJmcLK-iqb7h5-2m91NVT-zrhtgy-nS4tc3-dNE4b4-ywz1Wm-nvFeRC-KYFEDn-ywyShC-zc5JqT-ncoc8R-oKQpoZ-VfoUmo-nMSZbM-DjwtF9-CCNzws-c5DKzJ-dNKEfG-nNaHPe-ea9Aj4-byuvPF-rLCwXK-dNriZb-eafoYQ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Augustus and Livia, Archaeological Museum of Formia, Italy https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/16086970581/in/photolist-qvxVTK-RCf8Cf-nNFN5g-qSip6s-21UAeCm-22Wzwjh-e175wY-DkDEBx-ERD6gh-22WAbKL-e1b9FW-J3uuBz-21DDP5M-21UCyyd-22ZcZrD-KeCHxP-22ZcuYM-22Zcm4x-22ZczSV-DkGdqt-y6ACwV-e1b775-J3xsNZ-J3wh1P-21UAKFN-KJTnkC-ERDaQY-DkEUcM-J3vhpM-ERB1fE-21DDgTZ-c17Ajw-e1b5HA-J3w7pe-DkF3Ye-xQyeKy-e1b7qG-e15xAX-21UCZGu-22WyfpU-e1bbif-J3uBWV-zbZStA-o3ciFa-eLYTSG-e1bgi1-ojuzsL-e15pzk-nupDGR-ntAREA Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

The Great Cameo of France, a five-layered sardonyx cameo divided into three level and depicting members of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, circa 23 AD, Cabinet des Médailles, Paris https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/21784229488/in/photolist-zbZStA-o3ciFa-eLYTSG-e1bgi1-ojuzsL-e15pzk-nupDGR-ntAREA-pxUGtX-e15tLX-9KrJzs-e15uya-qUh95D-e1b6ky-e15sB4-e1beds-zusP22-oW6DSq-eLMuX6-e15wPF-e15zCD-ywH8oH-9KoUMe-ojt8ZJ-byAgqP-ywyShC-ojCuoj-ERDV6L-9Hj5Gc-9Jtw5d-o3buYH-kNb1Ck-zc3RpH-ojo93M-o3bdbf-y6AKH8-y5Vsgr-x93rTr-kJgsNk-kMXbWG-y5Vor2-y53htQ-y3AVAC-x93oPv-xNjBid-kJgufZ-nrQjHJ-zrhtgy-y6ALFR-xNq3K6 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Statue of Livia praying, 2nd half of 1st century AD, Moi, Auguste, Empereur de Rome exhibition, Grand Palais, Paris https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14652380332/in/photolist-e1b6ky-e15sB4-e1beds-zusP22-oW6DSq-eLMuX6-e15wPF-e15zCD-ywH8oH-9KoUMe-ojt8ZJ-byAgqP-ywyShC-ojCuoj-ERDV6L-9Hj5Gc-9Jtw5d-o3buYH-kNb1Ck-zc3RpH-ojo93M-o3bdbf-y6AKH8-y5Vsgr-x93rTr-kJgsNk-kMXbWG-y5Vor2-y53htQ-y3AVAC-x93oPv-xNjBid-kJgufZ-nrQjHJ-zrhtgy-y6ALFR-xNq3K6-ywz1Wm-zc5JqT-x93xWZ-ojMhc7-xNijqu-xNirEu-xNpY4T-21UA1i5-2g6HAo5-zswrHf-q3kDpm-9HiQXc-2krevRQ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Bona Dea Marble Statue with Epigraph.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bona_Dea_Marble_Statue_with_Epigraph.jpg Andrea Pancotti CC BY SA 4.0

File:Statua di Livia.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Statua_di_Livia.jpg CRIX - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:(Toulouse) Portrait de Julie Musée Saint-Raymond Ra 338.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:(Toulouse)_Portrait_de_Julie_Musée_Saint-Raymond_Ra_338.jpg Didier Descouens - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Gaius Cesar BM GR1870.07-05.1 n1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gaius_Cesar_BM_GR1870.07-05.1_n1.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011) CC BY 2.5

Gold ring with carnelian intaglio portrait of Tiberius https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256197?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=tiberius&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Tiberius, circa AD 13, from Philomelium, Phrygia (modern Turkey), Louvre Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/6932381259/in/photolist-byAgqP-c16vAb-c16wBm-vjHhuu-KTfHpQ-LHiujV-oNWgZp-PhdH4x-dnutba-w7cg1y-nSPvco-c17Ajw-dn9B7X-p4poN3-zbZStA-vjQqxR-yFSgd8-uErYM8-9KJNmG-8WwbgY-2k8hzQM-Y9LHgK-Y5z4LA-dn9DPo-ubFn8q-vjHjvy-w7cdJ9-zusP22-2ihuSwx-ywH8oH-fQCbrc-p6pK3f-zBmwzW-oNX42u-p6b9bg-qSip6s-p4pCu1-oNXbfq-p6b6ri-drRNLZ-oNXqWj-oNWCv5-oNWqMe-p6ryhr-dn9PWh-oqn5QF-iqb4Sf-ojsxpG-fGnbQy-dbjsyq Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Portrait de Tibère (Tiberius), retrouvée à Béziers en avril 1844 dans la maison Gasc, MSR, Musée Saint-Raymond https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/7220999546/in/photolist-c16vAb-c16wBm-vjHhuu-KTfHpQ-LHiujV-oNWgZp-PhdH4x-dnutba-w7cg1y-nSPvco-c17Ajw-dn9B7X-p4poN3-zbZStA-vjQqxR-yFSgd8-uErYM8-9KJNmG-8WwbgY-2k8hzQM-Y9LHgK-Y5z4LA-dn9DPo-ubFn8q-vjHjvy-w7cdJ9-zusP22-2ihuSwx-ywH8oH-fQCbrc-p6pK3f-zBmwzW-oNX42u-p6b9bg-qSip6s-p4pCu1-oNXbfq-p6b6ri-drRNLZ-oNXqWj-oNWCv5-oNWqMe-p6ryhr-dn9PWh-oqn5QF-iqb4Sf-ojsxpG-fGnbQy-dbjsyq-oNXbMr Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Roman emperor Tiberius and his mother Livia, AD 14-19, from Paestum, National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Madrid https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/15457299045/in/photolist-pxUGtX-e15tLX-9KrJzs-e15uya-qUh95D-e1b6ky-e15sB4-e1beds-zusP22-oW6DSq-eLMuX6-e15wPF-e15zCD-ywH8oH-9KoUMe-ojt8ZJ-byAgqP-ywyShC-ojCuoj-ERDV6L-9Hj5Gc-9Jtw5d-o3buYH-kNb1Ck-zc3RpH-ojo93M-o3bdbf-y6AKH8-y5Vsgr-x93rTr-kJgsNk-kMXbWG-y5Vor2-y53htQ-y3AVAC-x93oPv-xNjBid-kJgufZ-nrQjHJ-zrhtgy-y6ALFR-xNq3K6-ywz1Wm-zc5JqT-x93xWZ-ojMhc7-xNijqu-xNirEu-xNpY4T-21UA1i5 Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Tête de Germanicus, fils de Drusus L'Ancien et d'Antonia Minor, découverte en avril 1844 dans la maison Gasc à Beziers, sur l'emplacement du Forum, vers 14-23, MSR, Musée Saint-Raymond https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/7220996272/in/photolist-c16uBJ-2nbg42W-TBiPij-USfKz7-zkV9eQ-UXgoAa-UKp3Se-THFM5a-c17Ajw-zbZStA-TDmoMN-2mpFMMS-2mpAXxu-2mpFMHP-2mpEAtq-2mpwWcY-UkPbQU-2mpFMVx-USgfhN-USL22B-2mpC7UL-TQT4Dt-2mpC7Q2-dmVa1H-iqb1U9-yFSgd8-ditZJP-UFFtxZ-zusP22-zBmwzW-ywH8oH-TDdMR9-qY46AY-iqb7h5-d89pDb-d8cUTm-d8ajxj-iqb69o-d8cNf3-UTdW26-d8akjj-d8cTqY-d8aNU5-d8cNYJ-d8cU7o-d8cPGu-d8aL1f-M7mMyo-d8cQyj-d8aiEC Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:LiviaDrusilaMAN.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:LiviaDrusilaMAN.jpg Rowanwindwhistler - own work GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 4.0

File:Vienne - Temple d'Auguste et de Livie -1.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Vienne_-Temple_d%27Auguste_et_de_Livie-1.jpg Jacques MOSSOT - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Livia Drusilla, wife of Emperor Augustus, from Fayum (Egypt), copy from AD 4 or later after original from 27-23 BC, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/12949093165/in/photolist-e1b6ky-e15sB4-e1beds-zusP22-oW6DSq-eLMuX6-e15wPF-e15zCD-ywH8oH-9KoUMe-ojt8ZJ-byAgqP-ywyShC-ojCuoj-ERDV6L-9Hj5Gc-9Jtw5d-o3buYH-kNb1Ck-zc3RpH-ojo93M-o3bdbf-y6AKH8-y5Vsgr-x93rTr-kJgsNk-kMXbWG-y5Vor2-y53htQ-y3AVAC-x93oPv-xNjBid-kJgufZ-nrQjHJ-zrhtgy-y6ALFR-xNq3K6-ywz1Wm-zc5JqT-x93xWZ-ojMhc7-xNijqu-xNirEu-xNpY4T-21UA1i5-2g6HAo5-zswrHf-q3kDpm-9HiQXc-2krevRQ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Statue of deifed Empress Livia, 42-54 AD, Altes Museum, Berlin https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/13794492783/in/photolist-n1Yo7t-zaZTGN-2dMAsQR-eLMvUP-QphFBq-x8U54m-x93eoB-y531nb-xNitNY-y5Vjzz-iqbd57-xNqcS4-y533nU-x93bc6-e15ALt-y3ASsy-xNjnEb-y3ARfd-y6Apf4-L4qF3n-22Z9PnB-2e5y2gf-e1b8FJ-qvxVTK-RCf8Cf-nNFN5g-qSip6s-21UAeCm-22Wzwjh-e175wY-DkDEBx-ERD6gh-22WAbKL-e1b9FW-J3uuBz-21DDP5M-21UCyyd-22ZcZrD-KeCHxP-22ZcuYM-22Zcm4x-22ZczSV-DkGdqt-y6ACwV-e1b775-J3xsNZ-J3wh1P-21UAKFN-KJTnkC-ERDaQY Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0


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The Adventure of Jason and the Argonauts from the Argonautica Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Jason fresque romaine.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_fresque_romaine.jpg Unknown author / User: Ludo29 Public Domain US

File:Jason Medea Altemps Inv8647-8648.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_Medea_Altemps_Inv8647-8648.jpg Jastrow (September 2006) Public Domain

File:Jason Golden Fleece Altemps Inv8647.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_Golden_Fleece_Altemps_Inv8647.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (September 2009) CC BY 2.5

File:Apollo kithara Met 20.196.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_kithara_Met_20.196.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2011) CC BY 2.5

File:Oracle of Delphi, red-figure kylix, 440-430 BC, Kodros Painter, Berlin F 2538, 141668.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oracle_of_Delphi,_red-figure_kylix,_440-430_BC,_Kodros_Painter,_Berlin_F_2538,_141668.jpg Zde - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:Pelias meets Jason MAN Napoli Inv111436.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pelias_meets_Jason_MAN_Napoli_Inv111436.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen / Jastrow Public Domain US

File:Building Argo BM TerrD603.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Building_Argo_BM_TerrD603.jpg Jastrow (2007) CC BY 2.5

File:Krater Niobid Painter A Louvre G341.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Krater_Niobid_Painter_A_Louvre_G341.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-07-21 Public Domain

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) — Herakles https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/258464?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=herakles&offset=40&rpp=40&pos=50 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Rhea & Adrasteia?, South Frieze, Gigantomachy Frieze, Pergamon Altar, Pergamon Museum, Berlin https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/24533166160/in/photolist-9ZBVty-9ZBNZs-MbhBzj-DnUTzs-avuAhz Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Hylas Saint-Romain-en Gal 07 2011.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hylas_Saint-Romain-en_Gal_07_2011.jpg Vassil - own work CC0

File:Amykos Argonautes Cdm Paris 442.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amykos_Argonautes_Cdm_Paris_442.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-05-25 Public Domain

File:Phineus Boreads Louvre G364 n2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phineus_Boreads_Louvre_G364_n2.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol, own work, 2007-28-06 Public Domain

File:Apollo1.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo1.JPG Mathiasrex - own work GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

Terracotta neck-amphora (jar) - herakles fighting the Amazons https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/255106?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=medea&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Silver mirror with elaborate relief on the backside depicting an episode of the myth of Phrixus and Helle from the ancient Greek legend of the Golden Fleece, end of 2nd century AD, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/15538943067/in/photolist-soGtYh-cn2mi7-cn2cGN-cn2bGJ-s7gwRd-cn2aGW-cn2jwj-cn2f2N-cn2uWJ-cn2ki9-sNuLWK-cn2yUs-iyGH4i-cn2dZA-sjrhyg-pF89pv/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Detail of the Vichten mosaic depicting the mythological and literary theme of the nine Muses, Erato Muse of love poetry, around 240 AD, National Museum of History and Art, Luxembourg https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/29817459556/in/photolist-MqSgUh-JsXACy-24UFrym-MqSC57-ojEChe-fFXxYc-2joGaRM-2miqD2G-2mmAV7k-2mDnjYY-2joG8ik-2jMsoZA-2jajrLN-2joL6xh-LwyWcq-2joL8uo-2jGNoXW-RTmcZm-2g6A7MM-M36GpA-2jGHhkd-LwyZWE-qY46AY-MtZPhV-MmFvkr-FR9Agd-FkP29h-FoWvSM-GgVm7U-Gjdh5Z-2jFbNgX-2g6AhXw-2nbfXCp-Ge3zMG-2joJWjP-2j9cXt5-XpQYta-RB9XFx-MmFwtD-2bkYKBR-XvLUw3-qUXmsB-2cVkJXE-H4igsX-2bgwCbq-2g6zPHx-2g6A3Ev-2g6A3xm-ELWA7E-2g6BLkC Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Terracotta squat lekythos (oil jar) - eros https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/247345?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=eros&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=14 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Jean-François de Troy - Jason Taming the Bulls of Aeëtes, 1742.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jean-François_de_Troy_-_Jason_Taming_the_Bulls_of_Aeëtes,_1742.jpg Jean François de Troy Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Terracotta column-krater (bowl for mixing wine and water) — Jason about to seize the Golden Fleece https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/253427?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=jason&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=4 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Jason being saved by Athena from the dragon, Attic red-figured kylix, attributed to Douris, 480-470 BC, inv. 16545 - Museo Gregoriano Etrusco - Vatican Museums - DSC01046 (cropped).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_being_saved_by_Athena_from_the_dragon,_Attic_red-figured_kylix,_attributed_to_Douris,_480-470_BC,_inv.16545-Museo_Gregoriano_Etrusco-Vatican_Museums-DSC01046(cropped).jpg Daderot - own work CC0

Marble relief fragment with the head of Medea https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/251419?deptids=13&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=medea&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Iolkos2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Iolkos2.jpg / https://www.cngcoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=182431 Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

File:Jason Pelias Louvre K127.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jason_Pelias_Louvre_K127.jpg Marie-Lan Nguyen (2006) Public Domain

File:Medeia child Louvre K300.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Medeia_child_Louvre_K300.jpg User:Bibi Saint-Pol - own work Public Domain

File:Pittore di policoro (ambito), cratere a calice con scene della medea e del telephos di euripide, lucania 400 ac ca. 03.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pittore_di_policoro_(ambito),_cratere_a_calice_con_scene_della_medea_e_del_telephos_di_euripide,_lucania_400_ac_ca._03.jpg Sailko - own work CC BY 3.0


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Oracle Bones of the Ancient Chinese Shang Dynasty Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Orakelknochen.JPG https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Orakelknochen.JPG User Herr Klugbeisser on de.wikipedia GNU Free Documentation License / CC BY SA 3.0

File:Shang dynasty inscribed tortoise plastron.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shang_dynasty_inscribed_tortoise_plastron.jpg BabelStone CC BY SA 3.0

Oracle bone fragment https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/42023?deptids=6&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=oracle+bones&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=7 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

yinxu - oracle bones https://www.flickr.com/photos/rosemania/4430509846/ Xuan Che CC BY 2.0

File:Shang dynasty inscribed scapula.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Shang_dynasty_inscribed_scapula.jpg BabelStone CC BY SA 3.0

Shang Ox Scapula Oracle Bones https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/30930164617 Gary Todd Public Domain

Ancient Chinese Writing on Tortoise Plastron, Shang Dynasty Oracle Bone, Yinxu https://www.flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/10185429455/ Gary Todd Public Domain

File:Late Shang Ox Bone with Writing (9830196753).jpg https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/9830196753 Gary Todd Public Domain

Untitled - caption: 'Chinese oracle bone' https://www.flickr.com/photos/britishlibrary/12459014913 British Library No known copyright restrictions

Shang Inscribed Ox Bone https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/9830574766 Gary Todd Public Domain

File:Os divinatoire Shang Musée Mariemont 08112015.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Os_divinatoire_Shang_Musée_Mariemont_08112015.jpg Vassil - own work CC0

Shang inscribed oc bone https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/9830634253 Gary Todd Public Domain

Shang Inscribed Ox Scapula https://flickr.com/photos/101561334@N08/9830601816 Gary Todd Public Domain

File:Beijing.printing.museum-Henan.Anyang.Jiaguwen.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beijing.printing.museum-Henan.Anyang.Jiaguwen.jpg Popolon - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Oracle bone fragment https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/42022?deptids=6&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=oracle+bones&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=6 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Jiaguwen Guimet MG B3-2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jiaguwen_Guimet_MG_B3-2.jpg Zunkir - own work CC BY SA 4.0


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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


The Roman Goddess Vesta and her Vestal Virgins Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

Gold aureus of Julius Caesar https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/246870?ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=vesta&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=3 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Saturn with head protected by winter cloak, holding a scythe in his right hand, fresco from the House of the Dioscuri at Pompeii, Naples Archaeological Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/23497733210/in/photolist-PJ2Adu-2mXCLBe-2mXufdG-2mXCLzA-P1yWh1-BNq2rd-6PSwvT-Q51AiJ-QeFEvo-fG5uLP-QeFFPW-QhWCSK-dnsNyh-fyfZB9-aVYUSt-b8UChz-aVZ6ox-aVYZXv-aVYW7D-aVZ26z-2mRkg7Y-2i1v2en-21m2pQJ-HuGCKX-CMQrYM-2mXuekz-EsmbFC-22sCmvk-21eKS1Z-21uVEXq-21uVEFo-EsmcfU-21uVHSJ-EsmcJ9-EsmcVw-21uVFnJ-CWtPNr-Esme1N-EsmdEN-CWtN18-EoQa5b-oUR5yY-ffrKTA-e4rifA-aVZ3tD-aVZ53F-aVYXWe-2nbfXCp-8pd8d8-LpSk2x Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Fresco of Vesta-Hestia from Pompeii.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fresco_of_Vesta-Hestia_from_Pompeii.jpg Mario Enzo Migliori CC0

Temple of Vesta, Upper Via Sacra, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/8158014011/in/photolist-dqTXkZ-Sjr8ae-Ss1wMG-RVQYkQ-nLHBYA-eTomHp-oLyq4H-bjgv2H-bpgtKg-eTooDD-oLx126-SjraQV-eTocFX-pRANsN-RgCyCe-oJvhxu-RdZgim-ou5YmH-Sjrbqn-RgCA1e-oJxd8y-ou3fwY-eTonqg-eTzAm7-eTzHS5-oLifVt-eTzB49-eTzKWL-eToiUT-eTodor-eTojzk-eTobWv-eTzLC9-ou3gkw-ou3wLE-eToo4M-SgS3pb-ou3kqW-ou3gTz-RVR22S-oLgcTk-ou3g4i-Sjr7sn-eToeJe-oLghQe-eTzF67-SgS4No-eTog5r-eTzGph-dRa1dS Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:NERONE-RIC I 62-155505 VESTA.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NERONE-RIC_I_62-155505_VESTA.jpg Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. CC BY SA 2.5 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Votive relief dedicated to Vesta, from Rome, Italy. 140-150 CE. Marble. Altes Museum, Berlin, Germany.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Votive_relief_dedicated_to_Vesta,_from_Rome,_Italy._140-150_CE._Marble._Altes_Museum,_Berlin,_Germany.jpg Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FRCP(Glasg) - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:VestalisMaxima.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:VestalisMaxima.jpg Rabax63 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

File:ReliefVestals.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ReliefVestals.jpg Rabax63 - own work CC BY SA 4.0

House of the Vestal Virgins (Atrium Vestae), Upper Via Sacra, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/33112170866/in/photolist-Sjrag8-Sjr6Lx-eTzz7u-dqTXkZ-Sjr8ae-Ss1wMG-RVQYkQ-nLHBYA-eTomHp-oLyq4H-eTooDD-oLx126-SjraQV-eTocFX-pRANsN-RgCyCe-oJvhxu-RdZgim-ou5YmH-Sjrbqn-RgCA1e-oJxd8y-ou3fwY-eTonqg-eTzAm7-eTzHS5-oLifVt-eTzB49-eTzKWL-eToiUT-eTodor-eTojzk-eTobWv-eTzLC9-ou3gkw-ou3wLE-eToo4M-SgS3pb-ou3kqW-ou3gTz-RVR22S-oLgcTk-ou3g4i-Sjr7sn-eToeJe-oLghQe-eTzF67-SgS4No-eTog5r-eTzGph/ Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

File:Rome (Italy, October 2019) - 85 (50588888643).jpg https://flickr.com/photos/37003135@N00/50588888643 Bruno Rijsman CC BY SA 2.0

Temple of Vesta, built in the early 1st century BC on the acropolis of Tibur, Tivoli https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14943823255/in/photolist-Sjrag8-Sjr6Lx-eTzz7u-dqTXkZ-Sjr8ae-Ss1wMG-RVQYkQ-nLHBYA-eTomHp-oLyq4H-eTooDD-oLx126-SjraQV-eTocFX-pRANsN-RgCyCe-oJvhxu-RdZgim-ou5YmH-Sjrbqn-RgCA1e-oJxd8y-ou3fwY-eTonqg-eTzAm7-eTzHS5-oLifVt-eTzB49-eTzKWL-eToiUT-eTodor-eTojzk-eTobWv-eTzLC9-ou3gkw-ou3wLE-eToo4M-SgS3pb-ou3kqW-ou3gTz-RVR22S-oLgcTk-ou3g4i-Sjr7sn-eToeJe-oLghQe-eTzF67-SgS4No-eTog5r-eTzGph Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

House of the Vestal Virgins (Atrium Vestae), Upper Via Sacra, Rome https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/9114141425/in/photolist-Sjrag8-Sjr6Lx-eTzz7u-dqTXkZ-Sjr8ae-Ss1wMG-RVQYkQ-nLHBYA-eTomHp-oLyq4H-eTooDD-oLx126-SjraQV-eTocFX-pRANsN-RgCyCe-oJvhxu-RdZgim-ou5YmH-Sjrbqn-RgCA1e-oJxd8y-ou3fwY-eTonqg-eTzAm7-eTzHS5-oLifVt-eTzB49-eTzKWL-eToiUT-eTodor-eTojzk-eTobWv-eTzLC9-ou3gkw-ou3wLE-eToo4M-SgS3pb-ou3kqW-ou3gTz-RVR22S-oLgcTk-ou3g4i-Sjr7sn-eToeJe-oLghQe-eTzF67-SgS4No-eTog5r-eTzGph Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0

Marble head from a portrait statue of a veiled priestess of the goddess Vesta, Roman Empire, British Museum https://flickr.com/photos/carolemage/14289538566/in/photolist-Sjr8ae-Ss1wMG-RVQYkQ-nLHBYA-eTomHp-oLyq4H-bjgv2H-bpgtKg-eTooDD-oLx126-SjraQV-eTocFX-pRANsN-RgCyCe-oJvhxu-RdZgim-ou5YmH-Sjrbqn-RgCA1e-oJxd8y-ou3fwY-eTonqg-eTzAm7-eTzHS5-oLifVt-eTzB49-eTzKWL-eToiUT-eTodor-eTojzk-eTobWv-eTzLC9-ou3gkw-ou3wLE-eToo4M-SgS3pb-ou3kqW-ou3gTz-RVR22S-oLgcTk-ou3g4i-Sjr7sn-eToeJe-oLghQe-eTzF67-SgS4No-eTog5r-eTzGph-dRa1dS-avwhoX Carole Raddato CC BY SA 2.0


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CC0 GNU Free Documentation License Public Domain Free Art License


The Ancient Egyptian God of Writing and Wisdom, Thoth Images and Attributions

MUSIC USED:

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Check out Michael’s new album here!


IMAGES:

File:Frammenti di rilievo con thot a testa di ibis, II sec ca..JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Frammenti_di_rilievo_con_thot_a_testa_di_ibis,_II_sec_ca..JPG Sailko - own work CC BY SA 3.0

Inlay depicting Thoth as the ibis with a maat feather https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544093?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=14 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Goddess Seshat, ca. 1919-1875 B.C.E., 52.129.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Goddess_Seshat,_ca._1919-1875_B.C.E.,_52.129.jpg Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund / Brooklyn Museum / user: Kaitlyn153 No known copyright restrictions

Striding Thoth https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544092?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=1 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Statue of a scribe with a baboon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544748?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=39 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Thoth as baboon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/555622?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=10 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:Maler der Grabkammer der Nefertari 001.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maler_der_Grabkammer_der_Nefertari_001.jpg The Yorck Project (2002) 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei (DVD-ROM), distributed by DIRECTMEDIA Publishing GmbH. ISBN: 3936122202. / Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH GNU Free Documentation License

File:Edfu47.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edfu47.JPG Rémih - own work CC BY SA 3.0 / GNU Free Documentation License

File:Ramesseum 2016-03-23l.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ramesseum_2016-03-23l.jpg Djehouty - own work CC BY SA 4.0

Thoth Amulet https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/552980?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=2 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Cynocephalus Amulet - Thoth as a seated baboon https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/549266?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=16 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

Ibis with maat feather https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/570351?deptids=10&ao=on&showOnly=openAccess&ft=thoth&offset=0&rpp=40&pos=34 The Metropolitan Museum of Art (Open Access](https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access) CC0

File:BD Hunefer.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:BD_Hunefer.jpg Jon Bodsworth (photographer) Public Domain US faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain

Relief panel showing two baboons